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Cancer in NIS Population after the Chernobyl accident

Objective


Foreseen Results

The aim is to stimulate further improvement of the systems, facilitate and support use of the data - including descriptive analysis, stimulate and assist in linkage of data to relevant files - e.g. Chernobyl Registers to identify cancer cases for specific studies.

The specific objective of these studies is to estimate the radiation induced risk of leukaemia and NHL and of thyroid cancer among liquidators of the Chernobyl accident residing in Belarus or the Russian Federation and, in particular, to study the effect of exposure rate.
The proposed project is within the field of health and dealing with investigating the health consequences of radiation exposure of populations in the NIS following the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The studies are concerned with cancer risk in the general population making use of existing dose-reconstruction for geographical areas, and a specially designed analytical study (case-control) including interview and biological sampling among Liquidators.

Work package 1
The objectives is to improve and use epidemiological tools (Health Monitoring Systems) in the NIS with a view to consequences related to mastering the Chernobyl accident late-effects. The routine monitoring systems thus represents an unbiased and with respect to general exposures, the relevant comparison to which all population based radiation studies in the affected areas should compare.

Work package 2
Results of pilot studies carried out under ECP-7 indicated that it is feasible to carry out case-control studies of specific cancers among liquidators. Because there was an official limit to the dose liquidators were allowed to receive, some workers received their dose in a matter of minutes, while others received it over months or even years, and the predominant radiation type varied according to time and activity of liquidators.

Two case-control studies among liquidators in Belarus and Russia are proposed : one of leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and the other of thyroid cancer risk.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Danish Cancer Society
Address
49,Strandboulevarden
2100 København Í
Denmark

Participants (4)

Belarusian Centre for Medical Technologies
Belarus
Address
7A,brovki Street 7A
220600 Minsk
INTERNATIONAL AGENCY FOR RESEARCH ON CANCER
France
Address
150,Cours Albert-thomas 150
69372 Lyon
Medical Radiological Research Centre - Russian Academy of Sciences
Russia
Address
4,Korolev Street
249020 Obninsk
Ukrainian Research Institute
Ukraine
Address
33-43,Lomonosov Street
252022 Kiev