Europe leads the development of new transportation systems, based on small-automated vehicles for people or freight delivery in cities, with door-to-door, on-demand service. Several European companies are now proposing to cities and private organisations, transportation systems based on a new generation of cybernetic vehicles, that is vehicles which can run autonomously without a driver on city streets at low speed (up to 30 km/h at the moment), while avoiding fixed and mobile obstacles. The main goal of the Project is to accelerate the penetration of these transportation systems in European cities with the final goal of making life in these cities more pleasant while preserving the freedom to move efficiently and safely. These systems are addressed to everyone, including young and elderly people, and anyone needing some motorized transportation for door-to-door trips at anytime. The objectives of the Project are to improve and integrate the key technologies for the vehicles and for the infrastructure of automated road transportation systems.
The Project main goal is to accelerate the development and implementation of novel urban transportation systems, based on automated vehicles for movement of people and goods. These systems aim at improving the mobility, while reducing negative effects of the private car use in cities (congestion, pollution), by complementing today's mass transit systems and hence offering a real alternative with better convenience and efficiency than the private car in the cities. The main characteristics of these systems are the use of small electric automated vehicles, which run on the existing urban infrastructure but with a limitation in the number of private vehicles in speed and access. These vehicles will be made available on demand for door-to-door service in complement to public transportation. The deployment of such systems in cities will provide better urban environment and mobility for all users, better safety and security, and reduced dependency on oil resources. This will make European city-centres more accessible and attractive for business, culture and tourism.
The work is focused on the testing, analysis and improvement of existing techniques which are starting to appear on the market. In particular, technical improvements are expected for the vehicles on guidance, collision avoidance, platooning and vehicle control systems. For the infrastructure, technical improvements are also expected on the system management, human-machine interfaces, remote operation and energy management. The improvement of the various technologies is targeted into integration in the cybernetic vehicles and in the infrastructure. The analysis will be performed by looking at the users requirements in terms of operational performances of the transportation system. Several cooperating cities will join us in this analysis. Existing systems will then be tested on private grounds in order to set technical goals for the improvements expected. The technical improvements will be performed and tested on the same premises and evaluated against the needs. Part of the work will finally include a real size experiment in the city of Lausanne for detailed evaluations of the performance and users acceptability. Looking at the existing legal constraints, which can hamper the diffusion of such systems in cities, a significant part of the work will address the certification guidelines, which could be accepted at the European level. Finally, dissemination work will be performed throughout the project in order to accelerate the implementation of these systems in the cities. The dissemination work will consist of a detailed and very informative Web site, of conferences and seminars directed at the key city technicians and officials who participate in the implementation decisions and at demonstrations in cities and public grounds to prepare the public.
The first milestone will be a set of technical specifications for these new transportation systems. The next step will consist in the detailed evaluation of key technologies concerning the vehicles and the infrastructure and on improvement of these technologies. The results will be mostly hardware and software components for the industrial companies, which will implement such systems with improvements in terms of performances and/or cost. The next milestone will be the presentation of experimental systems in the test site and in a real site. Another important milestone will be a set of recommendations for certification procedures at the European level. The dissemination actions will be supported by a Web site, conferences and seminars for the industry and the cities and finally demonstrations in cities for the final users.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
10043 Orbassano (To)
3534 BD Utrecht
1904 Frederiksberg C
BS8 1TH Bristol
SO17 1BJ Southampton
1119 NC Schiphol-rijk