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URBAN REDEVELOPMENT and SOCIAL POLARISATION IN THE CITY

Objective



The thesis of this research is that large scale urban redevelopment projects promote social exclusion and polarisation. It is examined whether this thesis holds or if, on the contrary, large scale urban redevelopment fosters social integration of citizens into the urban society. As polarisation and exclusion processes are acute in urban environments where 70% of the European population lives, the analysis of the relationship between urban restructuring and social exclusion/integration is an urgent task. Indeed, in the last decade, attempts to strengthen the competitive position in an intensifying globally competitive environment, have transformed the economy and society of cities.
The units of analysis are large scale urban (re)development projects (UDPs), which are implemented at the cross-roads of global processes such as global investment flows, dependence on immigrant labour, transnational information flows, value-added networks and super-national decision-making processes. These projects embody trend-breaking epochal changes such as transformations of cultural values and preferences, changes in citizenship regulation and entitlement, informalisation of labour markets and relations, as well as of competitive environments. But at the same time UDPs are decidedly local, capturing the global trends, and incorporating them in a particular local setting.

The research project aims at reconstructing the global and local aspects of the UDPs and how they affect the integration/exclusion of citizens in the local economy and society. Four objectives are identified:

1) The analysis of thirteen UDPs in twelve Member States and the factors of social polarisation, exclusion and integration which these projects embody. For this purpose, the dynamics which relate each project to the wider urban fabric will be examined.
2) The analysis of relationships between global economic restructuring and processes of integration and exclusion in the city.
3) The assessment of the impact of specific politico-institutional environments at the level of the European Union, the Member States, the regions and the localities, on these processes.
4) The development of a research methodology which allows for the transversal analysis of UDPs, their exclusion/integration processes and their institutional contexts.

The projects consists of four stages:

1) Development of a conceptual and theoretical framework to study the global-local interaction in the case-study cities and their impact on the selected UDPs (months 1-4);
2) Case study analysis for each of the relevant phases of the project development process (formulation, design and planning; construction and implementation; operation) (months 5-12):
3) Comparative analysis of the UDPs and the influence of Union and national policy (months 13-21);
4) Policy proposal and executive summary (months 22-24).

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
Address
2,Rue Des Canonniers 2
59800 Lille
France

Participants (13)

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Germany
Address
6,Unter Den Linden 6
10099 Berlin
ITER SRL - CENTRE RICERCHE E SERVIZI
Italy
Address
Via Ascensione 5
80121 Napoli
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Belgium
Address
131,Celestijnstraat 131
3001 Leuven
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND - MAYNOOTH
Ireland
Address

47 Maynooth , County Kildare
ROSKILDE UNIVERSITY
Denmark
Address
Universitetsvej 1
Roskilde
Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid Rotterdam
Netherlands
Address
225,Willem Ruyslaan 225
3063 ER Rotterdam
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
United Kingdom
Address
Mansfield Road
OX1 3TB Oxford
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY
Spain
Address
83,Avenida Lehendakari Agirre 83
48015 Bilbao
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PAVIA
Italy
Address
Via Luino 12
27100 Pavia
UNIVERSITY OF AVEIRO
Portugal
Address
Campus De Santiago
3810-193 Aveiro/eixo
UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL ENGLAND IN BIRMINGHAM
United Kingdom
Address
.,Franchise Street Perry Bar
B42 2SU Birmingham
University of the Aegean
Greece
Address
17,Karantoni Street 17
81100 Mytilini
VIENNA UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Austria
Address
2-6,Rossauerlaende 23
1090 Wien