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SOlar Calcium-looping integRAtion for Thermo-Chemical Energy Storage

Deliverables

SOCRATCES calciner model

Leader CLX (Involved CSIC, USE, ZAR, TOR, CERTH) This deliverable includes the following items: i)An introduction of the calciner reactor model. ii)Analysis under several scenarios are realized in order to obtained a database which describe the operation of the model. iii)Application of kinetic data extracted from lab-scale experiments to the reactor model is presented.

LCA, LCC Scope and system Boundaries.

Leader VER (Involved All) LCA, LCC Scope and system Boundaries. In order to perform the LCA, the evaluation method and strategy for data collection will be defined in a first stage. In parallel to the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), the costs derived from the development and implementation of the SOCRATCES technology will be also assessed

Market Analysis

Leader SPI (Involved: USE, POLITO, CERTH, CLXHE, CSIC, VM, TTZ, BIO, CNR, SPI, ISI, AUTH) Report on Market Technology Analysis

First innovation evaluation report

Leader BIOAZUL; (Involved: USE, POLITO, CERTH, CLX, CSIC, VM, TTZ, BIO, CNR, SPI, ISI, AUTH). This report contains the following information: i) Description of a multicriteria matrix, defined in WP 8.5, for quantitative evaluation of new ideas for the implementation of new features or changes that improves the performance of SOCRATES platform. The matrix will take into account the following criterias: expected development time, equipment needed, human resources needed, expected improvement in market acceptation. ii) Definition of a quantitive criteria (for example a score higher than a threshold) for ideas to be implemented. iii) The technology forecasting plan defined in WP 8.5 as well as the Technology Forescasting information obtained will be refelected in this report.

CSP-calciner integration model

Leader VM, involved (USE, CLX, ZAR, TOR, AUTH,CERTH) This deliverable aims to introduce the CSP-calciner integration pre-design, taking into account the necessary conditions (geometry, materials, etc.) to carry out the calcination, optimizing the reaction rate.

Power cycles: schemes, models, analysis

Leader POLITO (Involved TTZ, ATR, ZAR, USE,BIO, CERTH) This deliverable includes: i) Schemes of analyzed power cycles. Ii) Description for each power cycle which includes main streams and power balance, which specially focuses in operation conditions. iii) For each power cycle, off-design and on-design conditions are refelected at system level. iv) Characteristics of the CSP sources are introduced, taken the integration into the whole system into account. v) power-cycles simulatations under different nominal operating conditions while considering different fluids, including analysis of the on-design expected performance of the cycles and theidentification of viable and technocally feasible operating conditions. vi) Results of the investigation in different design configurations (for example several expanders connected in parallel or in series, the integration of a recuperator, etc.) and conclusions (selection of those ones that are most favourable in therms of energy performance). vii) A more detailed a

Carbonator energy analysis

Leader USE (Involved POLITO,TTZ,ZAR,CERTH) This deliverable includes the description of the exothermic reaction which takes place in the carbonator reactor, operational conditions (it occurs at high temperatures) and energy release associated to the reaction, which is the thermal energy input to the power cycles.

Optimum heat integration carbonator-power cycle for SOCRATCES project

Leader USE (Involved TOR, ZAR, AUTH, CLX) This deliverable includes the following items: i)An optimized thermodynamic model is presented for each carbonation integration scheme linked to a power cycle. Several power cycle schemes are presented in this deliverable. ii)Conclusions obtained from the analysis of indirect thermal integration between the carbonator reactor and the power cycle is exposed. iii)The energy consumption that would require the Cal technology over the CSP plant.

Final carbonator model report

Leader: CSIC, involved ALL Final report summarizing the methodology and results obtained from task 2.1, 2.2 and 2.3.

First report on LCA

Leader TTZ (involved all) Life cycle Assesment report includes: i) Definition of the evaluation method and strategy for data collection. ii) Quantitative data of materia (inputs and outputs) are collected in a table. iii) Evaluation of collected data through curves, graphics and comments. 3. Identification of energy and waste flows associated with the calcium looping thermal energy storage system over different stages of its life cycle is reflected in this section as well as an analysis of it evolution through graphics or tables... iv) Report of Impact Assesment. It includes results of the following analysis on enviromental impact: 1. Global warming impact 2. Resources uses and depletion 3. Energy demand and net energy balance... 4) A breaf description of computational tool used in the analysis.

SOCRATCES calciner kinetics model

Leader CLX (Involved CSIC, USE ,ZAR, TOR, AUTH) This deliverable aims to introduce the calcination kinetic model developed in WP3 and includes the following items: i)Description of the kinetic analysis of calcination reaction under several calciner conditions (pressure, temperature, atmosphere composition. ii)Best condition for maximize the limestone decomposition rate are presented. iv)Results obtained after multicycle-tests (thermal and chemical tests) in a customised reactor setup.

SOCRATCES carbonator model

Leader CERTH (Involved USE, CSIC, AUTH, ZAR, CNR) This deliverable aims to introduce the carbonator reactor model developed in WP2 and includes the following items: - Determination the optimum conditions regarding to fluidization regime - Carbonator reactor model to estimate the carbonation efficiency (fraction of calcium carbonate produced per calcium oxide entering the reactor). A close collaboration with the task 2.1 is needed in order to take advantage of the kinetc analysis carried out.

SOCRATCES carbonation kinetics model

Leader: CSIC, involved USE, ZAR, AUTH,CNR The kinetic of carbonation is analyzed under different scenarios of pressure and temperature in which the reaction can occurs. As a conclusion, optimized conditions for improving reaction rate are selected. Furthermore, the progressive sorbent deactivation is analyzed under different scenarios: i) Carbonation under pure CO2 atmosphere ii) The effect of steam addition that might enhance reactivity. iii) The effect of another non-reactive gas atmospheres. iv) Analyzing the relative relevance of fast-reaction and diffusion controlled regimes.

Second innovation evaluation report

Leader BIOAZUL; (Involved: USE, POLITO, CERTH, CLX, CSIC, VM, TTZ, BIO, CNR, SPI, ISI, AUTH). This report contains the following information: i) Description of a multicriteria matrix, defined in WP 8.5, for quantitative evaluation of new ideas for the implementation of new features or changes that improves the performance of SOCRATES platform. The matrix will take into account the following criterias: expected development time, equipment needed, human resources needed, expected improvement in market acceptation. ii) Definition of a quantitive criteria (for example a score higher than a threshold) for ideas to be implemented. iii) The technology forecasting plan defined in WP 8.5 as well as the Technology Forescasting information obtained will be refelected in this report.

Technological Brochure

Leader USE (involved ALL) Brochure containing information on technical and scientific project achievements designed for the dissemination of the SOCRATCES project

Project leaflet

Leader BIOAZUL (involved ALL) General project brochure in English for the project dissemination among relevant stakeholders

SOCRATCES website.

Leader USE (involved ALL) This deliverable consists in a report of the website description, including de structure of the website, functionalities, responsabilities, images, etc…

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Publications

Analysis and optimization of supercritical CO2 cycles integrated with solar concentrated power

Author(s): Simone Beneduce
Published in: 2018

Thermochemical energy storage for concentrated solar power

Author(s): Fabio Scaiola
Published in: 2019

Simulation and analysis of a Stirling engine for the application to solar power

Author(s): Emanuele Vinco
Published in: 2018

Exergoeconomic analysis of supercritical CO2 cycles for concentrated sola power

Author(s): Paolo Borlengo
Published in: 2018

Numerical model of a carbonator reactor for thermochemical energy storage based on Calcium looping

Author(s): Giangranco Caforio
Published in: 2018

Thermochemical energy storage system for solar applications

Author(s): Giuseppe Masci
Published in: 2018

Exergoeconomic analysis for the optimal exploitation of heat in thermochemical storage units integrated with concentrated solar power

Author(s): Elisa Guelpa, Martina Capone, Umberto Tesio, Vittorio Verda
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019

High efficiency concentrated solar plant by increasing of power cycle temperature

Author(s): Elisa Guelpa, Martina Capone, Umberto Tesio, Carlos Ortiz, Ricardo Chacartegui, Vittorio Verda
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019

On the modelling of a lime carbonator operating in a concentrated solar power plant

Author(s): Manuel Bailera, Pilar Lisbona, Luis I. Díez and Luis M. Romeo
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019, Page(s) 3935-3946

Energy consumption minimization for a solar lime calciner operating in a concentrated solar power plant for thermal energy storage

Author(s): Pilar Lisbona, Manuel Bailera, Thomas Hills, Mark Sceats, Luis I. Díez and Luis M. Romeo
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019, Page(s) 4083-4096

Role of acoustic fields on the fluidized bed carbonation for TCES in CSP applications

Author(s): Federica Raganati, Riccardo Chirone, Paola Ammendola
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019

Off-design model of concentrating solar power plant with thermochemical energy storage based on calcium-looping

Author(s): Carlos Ortiz, Marco Binotti, Matteo C. Romano, José Manuel Valverde, Ricardo Chacartegui
Published in: SOLARPACES 2018: International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems, 2019, Page(s) 210006
DOI: 10.1063/1.5117755

Almacenamiento termoquímico en plantas CSP basado en calcium-looping: Retos y oportunidades

Author(s): Carlos Ortiz, Reyes Fernandez, Ricardo Chacartegui, José MAnuel Valverde, José Antonio Becerra
Published in: Proceedings of CIES 2018, 2018

Effect of radiant properties and heat transfer mechanisms on the thermal performance of a Calcium Looping carbonator reactor

Author(s): Pau Gimenez, Carlos Ortiz , Ricardo Chacartegui , José Manuel Valverde
Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2019, 2019

Thermochemical energy storage of solar PV to enhance dispatchability and large scale commercial expansion

Author(s): Reyes Fernandez, Carlos Ortiz, Ricardo Chacartegui, Jose Manuel Valverde, Jose Antonio Becerra
Published in: Proceedings of SDEWES 18, 2018

Carbonation of Limestone Derived CaO for Thermochemical Energy Storage: From Kinetics to Process Integration in Concentrating Solar Plants

Author(s): C. Ortiz, J. M. Valverde, R. Chacartegui, L. A. Perez-Maqueda
Published in: ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Issue 6/5, 2018, Page(s) 6404-6417, ISSN 2168-0485
DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b00199

Design of an Integrated CSP-Calcium Looping for Uninterrupted Power Production Through Energy Storage

Author(s): Evgenios Karasavvas, Kyriakos D. Panopoulos, Simira Papadopoulou, Spyros Voutetakis
Published in: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS, 2018, Page(s) 2131-2136, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/cet1870356

Study of a Drop−Tube Carbonator Reactor for CSP−Calcium Looping Based on a Heterogeneous Reaction Model

Author(s): Evgenios Karasavvas, Kyriakos D. Panopoulos, Simira Papadopoulou, Spyros Voutetakis
Published in: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS, 2019, ISSN 2283-9216

The mOxy-CaL Process: Integration of Membrane Separation, Partial Oxy-combustion and Calcium Looping for CO2 Capture

Author(s): C. Ortiz, J. M. Valverde, R. Chacartegui, and L. A. Perez-Maqueda
Published in: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS, 2018, Page(s) 2131-2136, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/cet1870108

Preliminary Study on Sound Assisted Calcium Looping for TCES in CSP Applications

Author(s): Federica Raganati, Riccardo Chirone, Paola Ammendola,
Published in: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS, 2019, Page(s) 427-432, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/cet1974072