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Marine carbon sources and sinks assessment

Objective

CARBOOCEAN IP aims at an accurate assessment of the marine carbon sources and sinks. Target is to reduce the present uncertainties in the quantification of net annual air-sea CO2 fluxes by a factor of 2 for the world ocean and by a factor of 4 for the Atlantic Ocean. The IP will deliver description, process oriented understanding and prediction of the marine carbon sources and sinks with special emphasis on the Atlantic and Southern Oceans on a time scale -200 to +200 years from now. Expected breakthroughs by CARBOOCEAN IP will be firm answers to the following as yet unresolved questions:

- How large are the Atlantic and Southern Ocean CO2 sinks precisely, i.e. how efficient is the downward transport of carbon in the deep-water production areas of the world ocean?
- What do European rivers and shelf seas contribute to the large scale CO2 sources and sinks pattern of the North Atlantic Ocean in relation to uptake within Western Europe ?
- What are the key biogeochemical feedbacks that can affect ocean carbon uptake and how do they operate ?
- What is the quantitative global and regional impact of such feedbacks when forced by climatic change in the next 200 years?

CARBOOCEAN IP will answer these questions through basic research in a strategic combination of extensive large-scale observations, process studies and advanced computer models focusing on all quantitatively important aspects to the problem. The project is based on three elements - observations, process studies, and integrative modelling - equivalent to description, understanding and prediction:

- A marine carbon balance for the last 200 years based on high quality observations.
- A process-based understanding of the marine carbon cycle response to a change in forcing as derived from process studies in the field, in the laboratory, and through modelling.
- Integrated carbon budgets for the interval -200 to +200 years from now by synthesis of a modelling framework...

Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

Address

MusÉPlass 1
No - 5020 Bergen

Norway

Administrative Contact

Christoph HEINZE (Professor)

Participants (35)

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AARHUS UNIVERSITET

Denmark

ALFRED-WEGENER-INSTITUT FUER POLAR- UND MEERESFORSCHUNG

Germany

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS)

France

COMMISARIAT A L'ENERGIE ATOMIQUE

France

CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS

Spain

DANMARKS MILJOEUNDERSOEGELSER

Denmark

FASTOPT GBR

Germany

GOETEBORGS UNIVERSITET

Sweden

HAFRANNSOKNASTOFNUNIN

Iceland

INSTITUT FRANCAIS DE RECHERCHE POUR L'EXPLOITATION DE LA MER

France

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE HALIEUTIQUE

Morocco

INSTYTUT OCANOLOGII - POLSKIEJ AKADEMII NAUK

Poland

INTERGOVERNMENTAL OCEANOGRAPHIC COMMISSION OF UNESCO

France

KONINKLIJKE NEDERLANDSE AKADEMIE VAN WETENSCHAPPEN

Netherlands

LEIBNIZ-INSTITUT FUER MEERESWISSENSCHAFTEN

Germany

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FÖRDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN E.V.

Germany

MET OFFICE

United Kingdom

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL

United Kingdom

NILU POLSKA LTD.

Poland

NORSK INSTITUTT FOR LUFTFORSKNING

Norway

PHILIPPE SAUGIER INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS

France

PRINCETON UNIVERSITY

United States

RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN

Netherlands

STICHTING NEDERLANDS INSTITUUT VOOR ONDERZOEK DER ZEE

Netherlands

STIFTELSEN NANSEN SENTER FOR FJERNMAALING

Norway

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET HAMBURG HARBURG

Germany

UNIVERSIDAD DE LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA

Spain

UNIVERSITAET BERN

Switzerland

UNIVERSITAET BREMEN

Germany

UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE

Belgium

UNIVERSITE DE PERPIGNAN

France

UNIVERSITE LIBRE DE BRUXELLES

Belgium

UNIVERSITE PIERRE ET MARIE CURIE - PARIS VI

France

UNIVERSITY OF EAST ANGLIA

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX

United Kingdom

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 511176

  • Start date

    1 January 2005

  • End date

    31 December 2009

Funded under:

FP6-SUSTDEV

  • Overall budget:

    € 19 226 486

  • EU contribution

    € 14 498 400

Coordinated by:

UNIVERSITETET I BERGEN

Norway