Improving health in the elderly
The 'Models for ageing and technological solutions for improving and enhancing the quality of life' (MATSIQEL) project has veered away from focusing on ill-health in old age. Instead, researchers have developed models that incorporate positive aspects such as prevention and rehabilitation, application of technological solutions and opportunities for optimal functioning. Researchers applied appropriate models according to the issue under consideration. These included time series models for physiological systems in a cardio-respiratory context incorporating early warning signals and data mining models for poststroke fatality and risk elements. Delay differential equation models simulated insulin-glucose regulation. The research also covered aspects of health in which lifestyle plays a part. A complexity analysis of sleep based on actigraphy helped forecast alterations of sleep patterns with insomnia. A pilot study to investigate the effects of nutrition on obesity and health was completed from a very large public data set from Mexico. There was a strong emphasis on the importance of independence for ageing and care in the home whenever possible. Intelligent systems for telecare and telehealth involved indirect communication between patients and medical doctors from a telehealth centre as well as telecommunication processes and services. A study in the north-east of England provided data and understanding of usage and the user. Looking into the future, researchers looked at use of emotional robots and their acceptability with young and old. The full impact of MATSIQEL models and an international social and emotional robot network will be fully realised as telecare services evolve. For the present, the project has provided the latest research, service models and policy responses in the context of international ageing to doctors and health providers.
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