An appeal for close cooperation between the EU and Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) in the fight against piracy of audiovisual works and other protected works (including computer software) was issued in Warsaw, on 3 October 1995, by the European Commissioner for the Internal Market, Mario Monti. "By standing together", Mr. Monti said, "I am convinced we can win the fight against this international scourge". Speaking at a conference on piracy, organized in the framework of the PHARE intellectual property programme, Mr. Monti stressed that "piracy is a massive global problem that has to be tackled at the international, as well as the national level". Mr. Monti noted that the Central and Eastern European governments have demonstrated their will to participate in the international fight against piracy and that recently adopted legislation reflects their commitment to sign up to the Berne and Rome Conventions on copyright and related rights. This legislation is aimed at ensuring a level of intellectual property rights protection equivalent to the requirements of EU legislation and penalizing unauthorized copying and broadcasting of films, records, books and computer software. Commissioner Monti stressed, however, that "having legislation on the statute book is not sufficient in itself to stamp out piracy" and that the EU/CEEC cooperation on this issue, initiated within the framework of the PHARE programme, is aimed precisely at putting the EU's experience and expertise in combating piracy at the disposal of the CEECs to help them put the necessary structures in place.