The European Community has been awarding research fellowships to European researchers since the beginning of the 1980s. These have enabled researchers to carry out research in other Member States of the European Union and, more recently, in third countries associated with the specific RTD programmes of the Fourth Framework Programme. The majority of research fellowships have been awarded under the Training and Mobility of Researchers (TMR) programme and its predecessors, the Human Capital and Mobility (HCM) and SCIENCE programmes. Fellowships are, however, also awarded under other Community RTD programmes covering specific research areas. To date it has been calculated that over 5,000 European researchers have benefited. Acknowledging this rich history, and with a view to giving European Fellows the recognition they deserve, Mrs. Edith Cresson, Commissioner responsible for research, education and human resources, has decided to name all researchers who have been beneficiaries of a Community research fellowship "Marie Curie Fellows". The official inauguration of the "Marie Curie Fellows" is scheduled to take place, in Brussels, Belgium, later in 1996, in the presence of Commissioner Cresson and a number of other distinguished personalities from the world of science and technology. In all, it is expected that a representative sample of some 200 Marie Curie Fellows will attend.
Policy making and guidelines
24 October 1996