The Integrated Safety programme and the eSafety initiative stress that the development of ITS must be preceded by a scientific accident analysis encompassing two main issues:
-The assessment of the most promosing solutions that can assist any road users in a normal or in an emergency situation or, as a last resort, mitigate the violence of crashes and protect vehicle occupants, pedestrians and two-wheelers.
- The continuous updating of causes of road accidents and injuries.
The objective of TRACE is to provide the scientific community, the stakeholders, the suppliers and the public with an overview of the road accident causation issues in Europe based on the analysis of any and all current available databases which include accident, injury, insurance, medical and exposure data (including driver behaviour in normal driving conditions). The idea is to identify, characterise and quantify the nature of risk factors, groups at risk, specific conflict driving situations & accident situations; it will help to estimate the safety benefits of a selection of technology-based safety functions.
Outcomes are essentially reports. Consequently, TRACE is divided into 3 series of workpackages (+ management): OPERATIONAL WP's (Road Users - Types of driving & accident situations, risk factors - Evaluation of the effectivness of safety functions in terms of expected (or observed) accidents avoided and lives saved): three different research angles for the definition and the characterisation of accident causation factors and the evaluation of the benefits of safety functions.
METHODOLOGIES WP's (Analysis of Human Factors - Statistical Methods - Determination of Safety Functions): improvement of the methods presently used in accident analysis and transfer of these improvements to the operational workpackages. DATA SUPPLY WP's: preparation and delivery of the data tables constituted from various European data sources to the operational workpackages, for analysis.
Funding SchemeSTREP - Specific Targeted Research Project
51427 Bergisch Gladbach
636 00 Brno
80038 Pomigliano D'arco (Napoli)
47151 Boecillo, Valladolid
43710 Santa Oliva (Tarragona)
LE11 3TU Loughborough, Leicestershire
B15 2TT Birmingham