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A flagship for B5G/6G vision and intelligent fabric of technology enablers connecting human, physical, and digital worlds

Deliverables

Initial 6G Vision

This report will describe the initial 6G HexaX vision incl first use case and key value indicator aspects

Gap analysis and technical work plan for special-purpose functionality

This report will summarise the identified gaps and provide an indepth survey of the identified specialpurpose solutions with the underlying technologies and methods for flexible topologies and dependable communication

Initial radio models and analysis towards ultra-high data rate links in 6G

This report will describe initial studies on key enabling radio technologies HW impairment models waveforms beamforming DMIMO algorithms channel measurements focusing on link level aspects of Tbps comms

Localisation and sensing use cases and gap analysis

This report will describe localisation use cases and an initial gap analysis It will present relevant models and propose approaches to solve localisation and mapping problems at 100300 GHz and initial findings on locationaided resource allocation methods

Intermediate dissemination and communication report

This document will report on the dissemination and communication activities performed during the first year of the project It includes also an assessment of the impact achieved with respect to dissemination KPIs

Towards Tbps Communications in 6G: Use cases and Gap Analysis

This report will describe use cases that are initially identified by Tbps Communications and conduct gap analysis with respect to hardware and system design

Gaps, features and enablers for B5G/6G service management and orchestration

This report will contain a thorough stateofthe art analysis as well as identified technological and business trends for service management and orchestration in 5G It will also identify major gaps to support to B5G scenarios

AI-driven communication & computation co-design: gap analysis and blueprint

This report will document gaps build upon them and concentrate on associated problem areas statements to be addressed as well as on the description of solution directions

Initial Hexa-X vision, use cases and KVIs

This report will describe the vision to guide the future research towards B5G6G Use cases and key value indicators will be identified providing highlevel requirements and definitions of the deployment scenarios An initial set of sustainability targets and spectrum requirements will also be included as well as security guidelines

Hexa-X architecture for B5G/6G networks - initial release

This report will include an intermediate status update on use cases KVIs and spectrum as well as achievements with respect to sustainability final targets and progress of the project vs targets A draft of the E2E architecture will be delivered including a draft security architecture and updated guidelines for security

Initial 6G architectural components and enablers

This report will propose novel architectural concepts enabling intelligent distributed networks and new network topologies for addressing new use cases and architectural enablers for costefficient deployment of future networks

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Publications

Discontinuous Computation Offloading for Energy-Efficient Mobile Edge Computing

Author(s): Mattia Merluzzi; Nicola di Pietro; Paolo Di Lorenzo; Emilio Calvanese Strinati; Sergio Barbarossa
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking:, 2021, ISSN 2473-2400
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/TGCN.2021.3125543

Scalable Real-time Emulation of 5G Networks with Simu5G1

Author(s): Giovanni Nardini; Giovanni Stea; Antonio Virdis
Published in: IEEE Access, 2021, Page(s) 148504-148520, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/access.2021.3123873

MIMO-OFDM Joint Radar-Communications: Is ICI Friend or Foe?

Author(s): Keskin, Musa Furkan; Wymeersch, Henk; Koivunen, Visa
Published in: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, 2021, ISSN 1932-4553
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/jstsp.2021.3109431

6G Vision, Value, Use Cases and Technologies From European 6G Flagship Project Hexa-X

Author(s): MIKKO A. UUSITALO; PATRIK RUGELAND; MAURO RENATO BOLDI; EMILIO CALVANESE STRINATI; PANAGIOTIS DEMESTICHAS; MÅRTEN ERICSON; GERHARD P. FETTWEIS; MILTIADIS C. FILIPPOU; AZEDDINE GATI; MARIE-HELENE HAMON; MARCO HOFFMANN; MATTI LATVA-AHO; AARNO PÄRSSINEN; BJÖRN RICHERZHAGEN; HANS SCHOTTEN; TOMMY SVENSSON; GUSTAV WIKSTRÖM; HENK WYMEERSCH; VOLKER ZIEGLER; YANING ZOU
Published in: IEEE Access, 2021, ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3130030

A Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface at mmWave based on a binary phase tunable metasurface

Author(s): Jean-Baptiste Gros; Vladislav Popov; Mikhail A. Odit; Vladimir Lenets; Geoffroy Lerosey
Published in: IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, Vol 2, Pp 1055-1064 (2021), 2021, ISSN 2644-125X
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/ojcoms.2021.3076271

State-Aware Resource Allocation for Wireless Closed-Loop Control Systems

Author(s): Lucas Scheuvens; Tom Hobler; Philipp Schulz; Norman Franchi; Andre Noll Barreto; Gerhard P. Fettweis
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Communications ( Volume: 69, Issue: 10, Oct. 2021), 2021, ISSN 0090-6778
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/tcomm.2021.3095953

CSI-free Rotary Antenna Beamforming for Massive RF Wireless Energy Transfer

Author(s): Onel L. A. Lopez; Hirley Alves; Samuel Montejo-Sanchez; Richard D. Souza; Matti Latva-aho
Published in: IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 2021, ISSN 2327-4662
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
DOI: 10.1109/jiot.2021.3107222

State-Aware Resource Allocation for Wireless Closed-Loop Control Systems

Author(s): Scheuvens, Lucas; Hößler, Tom; Schulz, Philipp; Franchi, Norman; Barreto, André; Fettweis, Gerhard
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Communications ( Volume: 69, Issue: 10, Oct. 2021), 5, 2021, ISSN 0090-6778
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/TCOMM.2021.3095953

Limited Feedforward Waveform Design for OFDM Dual-Functional Radar-Communications

Author(s): Musa Furkan Keskin; Visa Koivunen; Henk Wymeersch
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 7, 2021, ISSN 1053-587X
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2021.3076894

Why Do We Need 6G?

Author(s): Bassoli Riccardo; Frank H.P. Fitzek; Emilio Calvanese Strinati
Published in: ITU Journal on Future and Evolving Technologies, 2021, ISSN 2616-8375
Publisher: ITU
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5509644

How many beams does sub-THz channel support

Author(s): Pekka Kyosti; Mar Francis De Guzman; Katsuyuki Haneda; Nuutti Tervo; Aarno Parssinen
Published in: IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2021, ISSN 1536-1225
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/lawp.2021.3118464

On Topology Optimization and Routing in Integrated Access and Backhaul Networks: A Genetic Algorithm-based Approach

Author(s): Charitha Madapatha; Behrooz Makki; Ajmal Muhammad; Erik Dahlman; Mohamed-Slim Alouini; Tommy Svensson
Published in: IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, 2021, ISSN 2644-125X
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/ojcoms.2021.3114669

MIMO-OFDM Joint Radar-Communications: Is ICI Friend or Foe?

Author(s): Musa Furkan Keskin; Henk Wymeersch; Visa Koivunen
Published in: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, 6, 2021, ISSN 1932-4553
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/JSTSP.2021.3109431

Dynamic Ensemble Inference at the Edge

Author(s): Mattia Merluzzi; Alessio Martino; Francesca Costanzo; Paolo Di Lorenzo; Sergio Barbarossa
Published in: 4, 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/globecom46510.2021.9685597

Predictive network management and orchestration towards 6G

Author(s): Josep Martrat; Ignacio Labrador; Aurora Ramos; Ricardo Marco; Mikko Uusitalo; Vilho Raisanen; Amina Boubendir
Published in: 2021 EuCNC European Conference on Networks and Communications & 6G Summit (EuCNC), 8-11 June 2021, 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5862306

Radar Sensing with OTFS: Embracing ISI and ICI to Surpass the Ambiguity Barrier

Author(s): Musa Furkan Keskin; Henk Wymeersch; Alex Alvarado
Published in: 2021 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops), 5, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/ICCWorkshops50388.2021.9473534

Uncertainty of Millimeter-Wave Channel Sounder due to Integration of Frequency Converters

Author(s): de Guzman, Mar Francis; Haneda, Katsuyuki; Hassan, Muhammad
Published in: Proc. 17th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS 2021), 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6108516

Turbo-AI, Part I: Iterative Machine Learning Based Channel Estimation for 2D Massive Arrays

Author(s): Mohammadi,Jafar; Chen, Yejian; Wesemann, Stefan; Wild, Thorsten
Published in: 2021 IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2021-Spring), 2, 2021, Page(s) 1-6
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/VTC2021-Spring51267.2021.9449026

Interference-aware Distributed Precoding in Coherent Large-scale Distributed MIMO

Author(s): Omer Haliloglu; Jale Sadreddini; Pal Frenger
Published in: IEEE GLOBECOM 2021, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2021.1570743086

Study of Reflection-Lass-Based Material Identification from Common Building Surfaces

Author(s): Yi Geng; Vijaya Yajnanarayana; Ali Behravan; Erik Dahlman; Deep Shrestha
Published in: EuCNC, 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.1109/eucnc/6gsummit51104.2021.9482524

Towards Power Efficient 6G Sub-THz Transmission

Author(s): Halbauer, Hardy; Wild, Thorsten
Published in: EuCNC, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/EuCNC/6GSummit51104.2021.9482446

Learning Semantics: An Opportunity for Effective 6G Communications

Author(s): Mohamed Sana; Emilio Calvanese Strinati
Published in: 2, 2022
Publisher: IEEE

Hexa-X The European 6G flagship project

Author(s): Uusitalo, Mikko Aleksi; Rugeland, Patrik; Boldi, Mauro; Calvanese Strinati, Emilio; Carrozzo, Gino; Demestichas, Panagiotis; Ericson, Mårten; Fettweis, Gerhard; Hamon, Marie-Helene; Latva-aho, Matti; Martrat, Josep; Parssinen, Aarno; Richerzhagen, Bjoern; Sabella, Dario; Schotten, Hans; Serrano, Pablo; Stea, Giovanni; Svensson, Tommy; Ustundag Soykan, Elif; Wikstrom, Gustav; Ziegler, Volker; Zou,
Published in: EUCNC 2021, Porto, Portugal (virtual), 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5070053

Nuberu: Reliable RAN Virtualization in Shared Platforms

Author(s): Garcia-Aviles, Gines; Garcia-Saavedra, Andres; Gramaglia, Marco; Costa-Perez, Xavier; Serrano, Pablo; Banchs, Albert
Published in: MobiCom '21: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking October 2021, 2021
Publisher: ACM
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5599123

Waveform Comparison under Hardware Limitations for 6G Sub-THz Communications

Author(s): Le Hang Nguyen; Volker Braun; Hardy Halbauer; Thorsten Wild
Published in: CCNC Jan. 2022, 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5905809

A Federated Fuzzy c-means Clustering Algorithm

Author(s): José Luis Corcuera Bárcena; Francesco Marcelloni; Alessandro Renda; Alessio Bechini; Pietro Ducange
Published in: Proceedings of WILF 2021, the 13th International Workshop on Fuzzy Logic and Applications (WILF 2021), 8, 2021
Publisher: CEUR Workshop Proceedings
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5962365

Deep learning for location based beamforming with NLOS channels

Author(s): Le Magoarou Luc; Yassine Taha; Paquelet Stéphane; Crussière Matthieu
Published in: 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5905383

6G Architectural Trends and Enablers

Author(s): Mårten Ericsson; Massimo Condoluci; Patrik Rugeland; Stefan Wänstedt; Mehdi S.H. Abad; Omer Haliloglu; Merve Saimler; Luca Feltrin
Published in: IEEE 4th 5G World Forum (5GWF), 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5786280

Uplink Power Control in Integrated Access and Backhaul Networks

Author(s): Olalekan Peter Adare; Haitham Babbili; Charitha Madapatha; Behrooz Makki; Tommy Svensson
Published in: 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks (DySPAN), 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/DySPAN53946.2021.9677384

Above-100 GHz Wave Propagation Studies in the European Project Hexa-X for 6G Channel Modelling

Author(s): Pekka Kyösti; Katsuyuki Haneda; Jean-Marc Conrat; Aarno Pärssinen
Published in: 2021 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications & 6G Summit (EuCNC/6G Summit), 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.1109/EuCNC/6GSummit51104.2021.9482583

Integration of Communication and Sensing in 6G: a Joint Industrial and Academic Perspective

Author(s): Wymeersch, Henk; Shrestha, Deep; Morais de Lima, Carlos; Yajnanarayana, Vijaya; Richerzhagen, Björn; Keskin, Musa Furkan; Schindhelm, Kim; Ramirez, Alejandro; Wolfgang, Andreas; de Guzman, Mar Francis; Haneda, Katsuyuki; Svensson, Tommy; Baldemair, Robert; Parkvall, Stefan
Published in: 2021 IEEE 32nd Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 3, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/PIMRC50174.2021.9569364

AI Based Landscape Sensing Using Radio Signals

Author(s): Vijaya Yajnanarayana; Dongdong Huang; Deep Shrestha; Yi Geng; Ali Behravan; Erik Dahlman
Published in: IEEE PIMRC, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/PIMRC50174.2021.9569617

Uncertainty of Millimeter-Wave Channel Sounder due to Integration of Frequency Converters

Author(s): de Guzman, Mar Francis; Haneda, Katsuyuki; Hassan, Muhammad
Published in: International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems 2021 (ISWCS 2021), 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5745341

Privacy Preserving Federated RSRP Estimation for Future Mobile Networks

Author(s): Omer Haliloglu; Elif Ustundag Soykan; Abdulrahman Alabbasi
Published in: IEEE GLOBECOM 2021, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2021.1570742670

Hexa-X: Trustworthy Networking Beyond 5G

Author(s): López, Diego; Bernardos, Carlos J.; Han, Bin; Morin, Cédric; de la Oliva, Antonio; Pastor, Antonio; Phan, Cao-Thanh; Porambage, Pawani; Schneider, Peter; Schotten, Hans Dieter; Soykan, Elif Ustundag; Tomur, Emrah
Published in: EuCNC 2021 Workshop 8 From 5G to 6G Automated and Intelligent SecuriTy: FAST, 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5589577

Blind Neural Belief Propagation Decoder for Linear Block Codes

Author(s): Larue, Guillaume; Dufrene, Louis-Adrien; Lampin, Quentin; Paul, Chollet; Ghauch, Hadi; Rekaya, Ghaya
Published in: EuCNC 2021 - 6G Summit, Porto, Portugal, 8-11 June 2021, 2021
Publisher: EuCNC
DOI: 10.1109/EuCNC/6GSummit51104.2021.9482479

XAI Models for Quality of Experience Prediction in Wireless Networks

Author(s): Renda, Alessandro; Ducange, Pietro; Gallo, Gionatan; Marcelloni, Francesco
Published in: 2021 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE),, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/FUZZ45933.2021.9494509

Measured Blockage Effect of a Finger and Similar Small Objects at 300 GHz

Author(s): Pekka Kyösti; Nuutti Tervo; Markus Berg; Marko E. Leinonen; Klaus Nevala; Aarno Pärssinen
Published in: 2021 15th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2021
Publisher: EuCAP
DOI: 10.23919/EuCAP51087.2021.9411237

Turbo-AI, Part II: Multi-Dimensional Iterative ML-Based Channel Estimation for B5G

Author(s): Yejian Chen; Jafar Mohammadi; Stefan Wesemann; Thorsten Wild
Published in: 2021 IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2021-Spring), 2, 2021
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/vtc2021-spring51267.2021.9448950

Resilience Analysis of Distributed Wireless Spiking Neural Networks

Author(s): Tamás Borsos; Massimo Condoluci; Marios Daoutis; Péter Hága; András Veres
Published in: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (IEEE WCNC) 2022, 2022
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1234/snnpreprint

Wireless Edge Machine Learning in 5G/6G Networks

Author(s): Paolo Di Lorenzo; Mattia Merluzzi; Sergio Barbarossa
Published in: MACHINE LEARNING AND 5G/6G NETWORKS: INTERPLAY AND SYNERGIES (9788894982480)., 2021
Publisher: CNIT
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5525923

Wireless Edge Machine Learning in 5G/6G Networks

Author(s): Paolo Di Lorenzo; Mattia Merluzzi; Sergio Barbarossa
Published in: Machine Learning and 5G/6G Networks: Interplay and Synergies, 2021
Publisher: CNIT technical reports
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5909591