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Open Access Platform for Zero-Energy Buildings

Project description

Techniques to ensure greener buildings

The EU’s ambitious goal to be climate-neutral by 2050 is an opportunity to build a better future for all. The EU-funded 0E-BUILDINGS project will develop solutions to ensure new and existing buildings are nearly zero-energy buildings (nZEB). It will use building performance simulation (BPS) techniques to evaluate building physics, including all the heat and mass transfer phenomena because of the local climate as well as their relation to users’ behaviour and the operation of equipment installed in the building. Specifically, the project will develop a multi-objective computational platform to evaluate and optimise phase change materials (PCM) used in the building structure. Currently PCM effectiveness is difficult to guarantee because of a building’s complex thermal behaviour.

Objective

The European Union (EU) has proposed themselves ambitious goals to considerably reduce greenhouse emissions and move to an energy-neutral built environment in 2050. To achieve this, it is planned to ensure that new buildings have to be nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (nZEB) as well as the gradual retrofitting of the existing ones to be nZEB. Passive strategies like the use of phase change materials (PCMs) included in the building structure is a promising technology to achieve nZEB designs. However, its effectiveness is difficult to guarantee because of the complex thermal behavior of buildings. Within this context, building performance simulation (BPS) is vital to evaluate building physics in an integrated manner, including all the heat and mass transfer phenomena because of the local climate as well as their relation to users’ behavior and the operation of equipment installed in the building. The 0E-BUILDINGS (Open-Access Platform for Zero-Energy Buildings) project proposes a new multi-objective computational platform to evaluate and optimize PCM-based building components aiming to design new nZEB or to retrofit the existing ones to be nZEB. Through its simulation-based optimization approach, this platform offers a reliable optimal design of PCMs, in terms of thermo-physical properties, quantities, and locations, in order to guarantee their effectiveness.

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Coordinator

TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAT DARMSTADT
Net EU contribution
€ 174 806,40
Address
Karolinenplatz 5
64289 Darmstadt
Germany

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Region
Hessen Darmstadt Darmstadt, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00