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Humanitarian Aid, Politics and Religion: A Transnational History of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association from the 1920s to the present day

Description du projet

La dimension religieuse de l’aide humanitaire

Les missionnaires et l’humanitarisme européens au Moyen-Orient forment une part importante des relations de l’Europe avec le monde arabe. Le projet HUMANE, financé par l’UE, se concentrera sur la dimension religieuse. Plus particulièrement, il étudiera l’Association catholique d’aide à l’Orient (CNEWA), un groupe fondé aux États-Unis au début des années 1920 afin d’aider les chrétiens d’Orient et de promouvoir la conversion des chrétiens orthodoxes. Il étudiera également la Mission pontificale pour la Palestine (PMP), mise en place en 1949 pour aider les réfugiés chrétiens palestiniens. Les résultats jetteront un éclairage sur l’interaction entre les questions liées aux missionnaires, le travail humanitaire et les programmes politiques. En outre, ils génèreront de nouvelles connaissances sur la dynamique entre religion et sécularisation dans le monde contemporain.

Objectif

This project examines the religious dimension of practice, conception and reception of modern humanitarianism between Europe, the US and the Middle East in the XXth century up to recent times. It sheds light on the transnational Catholic networks to assist Middle Eastern populations after the First World War and the Armenian genocide. More specifically, it focuses on the Catholic Near East Welfare Association (CNEWA), which was founded in the United States in the early 1920s to help Eastern Christians, curb the influence of Protestantism and promote the conversion of Orthodox Christians. It also looks at the Pontifical Mission for Palestine (PMP), established in 1949 for Palestinian Christian refugees, before turning over the years into the executive agency of CNEWA in the Arab Middle East. Drawing upon a mass of unpublished archival documentation located in Lebanon, the Middle East, Europe and the United States, as well as fieldwork investigations, this research explores the entanglement between missionary issues, humanitarian efforts, and political agendas. In doing so, it enlightens the engagement of the papacy in the Levant, provides new insight on the refugee history and helps re-think the dynamics between religion and secularisation in the contemporary world.
A fellowship at the Ecole française de Rome (EfR) and the Institut français du Proche-Orient (Ifpo) in Beirut will situate this project in leading scholarship on the history of Christianity, migrations and Middle Eastern studies, while providing direct access to essential primary sources. Drawing on the candidate’s expertise in the history of international affairs, Vatican diplomacy and interreligious relations, the MSCA-GF will expand these research interests to new competences in faith-based humanitarianism and the transnational history of Mediterranean. It will result in a book at the intersection of these multiple fields.

Régime de financement

MSCA-IF-GF - Global Fellowships

Coordinateur

ECOLE FRANCAISE DE ROME
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 236 011,20
Adresse
PIAZZA FARNESE 67
00186 Roma
Italie

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Région
Centro (IT) Lazio Roma
Type d’activité
Research Organisations
Liens
Coût total
€ 236 011,20

Partenaires (1)