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A magnetocaloric cooling device that employs triangular-microchannel active regenerators

Project description

Magnetocaloric materials create greener cooling

Traditional cooling and refrigeration rely on the use of fluorinated gases, which have a high global warming potential. The EU-funded MicroChMag project hopes to change this by building a high-efficiency magnetocaloric cooling device with aligned, triangular-microchannel, active magnetic regenerators (AMRs). Current magnetocaloric devices suffer from low practical efficiency. The project intends to address this by optimising microchannel structures in the materials, AMR housing dimensions and control logic. Researchers will use new models to draw up the optimal AMR design and layout, as well as transition temperatures to make a high-efficiency device. Such devices could lead to more efficient heat pumps, helping the EU to meet energy efficiency goals.

Objective

Magnetocaloric materials are energy efficient and have zero global-warming potential. We will build a high-efficiency magnetocaloric cooling device with aligned, triangular-microchannel, active magnetic regenerators (AMRs). The relatively low practical efficiencies of state-of-the-art MCDs result from multi-scale energy transfer barriers, which involve large irreversibilities throughout different boundaries regarding magnetic materials, AMR geometries, hydraulic system, and magnetic circuits. This work will characterize and optimize the cross-sectorial parameters covering MCM properties, microchannel structures, AMR housing dimensions, control logic, as well as integration and economic aspects of the whole device. The experimental tests, multi-physics and thermal-economic models will be closely integrated such that the data from initial experiments with benchmark MCMs are used as the basis for the model development. The models will then be applied for optimal design of AMR microchannels, transition temperature arrangement and housing configurations for the high-efficiency MCD. Abundant experimental tests will be performed to promote the control strategy synergizing the parallel microchannel AMRs.
The project will be carried out in collaboration with German academia and industry. The collaboration helps to ensure the potential of the project results, and that the findings of the project may be transferred to industry for further adaptation. The research outcomes of the project will present significant benefits to both academia and industry. Moreover, by contributing to the design of more efficient magnetocaloric heat pump systems with the optimized AMR geometries and control strategies, and thus helping to attain socioeconomic and environmental targets in the context of the Danish 2050 targets and the EU 2030 targets focused on 32.5% improvement in energy efficiency.

Coordinator

MAGNOTHERM SOLUTIONS GMBH
Net EU contribution
€ 189 687,36
Address
PFUNGSTADTER STRASSE 102
64297 DARMSTADT
Germany

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SME

The organization defined itself as SME (small and medium-sized enterprise) at the time the Grant Agreement was signed.

Yes
Region
Hessen Darmstadt Darmstadt, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Links
Total cost
No data

Partners (2)