CORDIS - EU research results
CORDIS

Federated Data Sharing and Analysis for Social Utility

Project description

Data analytics and cryptography for privacy preservation

To address customers’ needs, organisations rely on large volumes of user data combined with tailored statistical analysis to adapt their services accordingly. Machine learning models are being applied in applications. However, such service improvements and personalisation based on user data analysis increases the risk of privacy loss. Moreover, systems using such models incorporate often inexact, biased, and unfair proxies. The EU-funded HARPOCRATES project will lay the foundation for digitally blind evaluation systems designed to eliminate proxies. The project plans to design several practical cryptographic schemes (functional encryption and hybrid homomorphic encryption) for analysing data in a way that preserves privacy and enables a comprehensive approach where data analytics and cryptography are associated with increased privacy.

Objective

Availability of large volumes of user data combined with tailored statistical analysis present a unique opportunity for organizations across the spectrum to adapt and finetune their services according to individual needs. Having shown remarkable results in analyzing user data, machine learning models attracted global adulation and are applied in a plethora of applications including medical diagnostics, pattern recognition, and threat intelligence. However, such service improvements and personalization based on user data analysis come at the heavy cost of privacy loss. Furthermore, practice showed that systems that use such models incorporate proxies that are often inexact, biased and often unfair.
In HARPOCRATES, we focus on setting the foundations of digitally blind evaluation systems that will, by design, eliminate proxies such as geography, gender, race, and others and eventually have a tangible impact on building fairer, democratic and unbiased societies. To do so, we plan to design several practical cryptographic schemes (Functional Encryption and Hybrid Homomorphic Encryption) for analyzing data in a privacy-preserving way. Besides processing statistical data in a privacy-preserving way, we also aim to enable a richer, more balanced and comprehensive approach where data analytics and cryptography go hand in hand with a shift towards increased privacy. In HARPOCRATES we will first show how to effectively combine cryptography with the principles of differential privacy to secure and privatise databases. Next, we will build privacy-preserving machine learning models able to classify encrypted data by performing high accuracy predictions directly on ciphertexts across federated data spaces. Finally, to demonstrate how these solutions respond to users’ needs, we will implement two real-world cross-border data sharing scenarios related to health data analysis for sleep medicine and threat intelligence for local authorities.

Coordinator

TAMPEREEN KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR
Net EU contribution
€ 769 750,00
Address
KALEVANTIE 4
33100 Tampere
Finland

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Region
Manner-Suomi Länsi-Suomi Pirkanmaa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 769 750,00

Participants (11)

Partners (1)