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NOn-VIral gene modified STEM cell therapy

Project description

High-throughput production of CAR T cells from stem cells

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are derived from adult somatic cells through reprogramming. Even though they are highly considered to constitute a medical revolution and an unlimited source of any type of human cell, wide application of iPSCs for therapeutic purposes has been hampered by various challenges. Funded by the European Innovation Council, the NOVISTEM project aims to streamline the genetic modification of iPSCs and their subsequent use in cell therapy. Moreover, researchers will use iPSCs to generate chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells by targeting a signalling pathway that drives T cell development. This will allow them to produce large numbers of well-characterised CAR-T cells for clinical use.

Objective

Despite the increasing awareness that cell and gene-therapy approaches have tremendous biomedical potential, their broad clinical application has been challenging due to prolonged and expensive production times and the emergence of severe immune- and gene-delivery dependent side effects. In this proposal, we aim to establish a stream-lined and high-throughput protocol for iPSC-based cell therapy by combining a novel technological platform for gene delivery with a breakthrough biological concept that will permit to manufacture functional, gene-corrected blood forming stem cells and CAR T cells. To achieve this, we will use and optimize photoporation as non-viral gene delivery method for CRISPR-mediated and site-specific gene-editing to obtain controlled CAR expression and for performing gene-correction in iPSCs. From these gene-modified iPSCs, we will generate CAR T cells and blood forming stem cells, respectively, by selectively targeting a signaling pathway that we established to be critical in human blood cell development and particularly T cell development. Following functional validation of the generated cell products, we will optimize the current protocols to increase the potential for clinical implementation and establish a high-throughput photoporation platform to generate a large number of CAR expressing iPSC lines from different ages, sex and ethnicities to demonstrate the population-wide implementation potential of our approach. This will allow to generate a bank of well-characterized, HLA-defined CAR expressing iPSC that can be used as of-the-shelf cell therapy products, thereby significantly advancing the currently implemented adaptive CAR T cell approaches by reducing the production costs and time, by selectively targeting the CAR into a well-controlled location which will prevent variability and by facilitating the production and evaluation of novel CARs for other cancer entities such as solid tumors.

Coordinator

UNIVERSITEIT GENT
Net EU contribution
€ 3 644 418,00
Address
SINT PIETERSNIEUWSTRAAT 25
9000 Gent
Belgium

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Region
Vlaams Gewest Prov. Oost-Vlaanderen Arr. Gent
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Total cost
€ 3 871 287,50