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Smart tools for Prediction and Improvement of Crop Yield

Objective

The aim of this project is to develop a suite of tools for molecular breeding of crop plants for sustainable and competitive agriculture. The tools help the breeder in predicting phenotypic response of genotypes for complex traits under a range of environmental conditions. Pepper will be used as a model crop. The idea is to use a crop growth model as a tool to predict the phenotypic response of a genotype under different environmental conditions and to use genetic markers in the QTL regions to estimate the genotype specific model parameters. We will adapt an existing growth model to cope with genotype specific information. Specific QTL-analysis methods will be developed as a tool to find the corresponding QTL for the crop growth parameters. QTL can be used directly in marker assisted breeding, but it would be more interesting to find the genes in the QTL region, which account for the genotypic differences of the model parameters. These genes will help to unravel the genetic basis of complex traits such as yield. In this project two approaches will be used to find these genes: candidate gene finding, using known genes from other species, and differential gene expression. Molecular breeding will not completely replace large scale phenotyping. Hence, automated and fast high-throughput tools to reduce the amount of manual labour necessary in phenotyping experiments are called for. In this project an image analysis tool and a fluorescence tool will be developed to measure large numbers of phenotypic traits automatically. In the last year of the project a validation experiment will be conducted to show the potential use of the total concept developed in this study and the potential impact of every single tool or technique. Dissemination of results to plant breeding industry will be done in close cooperation with an industrial advisory board and will involve specialized workshops and a molecular breeding course as well as lectures, papers and website.

Field of science

  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture

Call for proposal

FP7-KBBE-2007-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP-FP - Small or medium-scale focused research project

Coordinator

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Netherlands
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 422 108
Administrative Contact
Fred Van Eeuwijk (Prof.)

Participants (6)

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 552 528
Address
147 Rue De L'universite
75007 Paris Cedex 07
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Sylvie Modeste (Ms.)
VIB VZW
Belgium
EU contribution
€ 450 940
Address
Rijvisschestraat 120
9052 Zwijnaarde - Gent
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Wim Goemaere (Mr.)
SCOTTISH CROP RESEARCH INSTITUTE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 345 025
Address
Invergowrie
DD2 5DA Dundee
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Chris Glasbey (Prof.)
BUDAPESTI MUSZAKI ES GAZDASAGTUDOMANYI EGYETEM
Hungary
EU contribution
€ 216 400
Address
Muegyetem Rakpart 3
1111 Budapest
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Etelka Thury (Ms.)
FUNDACION CAJAMAR
Spain
EU contribution
€ 235 600
Address
Puerta Purchena 10 Planta 3
04001 Almeria
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Jerónimo José Pérez (Dr.)
STICHTING WAGENINGEN RESEARCH
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 650 359
Address
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Anja Dieleman (Dr.)