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Mechanisms of interactions in nano-scale of novel ionic lubricants with functional surfaces

Objective

Recently, ionic liquids (IL) are employed as substitute for traditional solvents in catalysis, synthesis and electrochemistry. But little research work or actual applications have been published until now concerning the utilization of IL as lubricants. Generally, IL show no or very low vapour pressures, satisfying viscosity-temperature behaviour, no inflammability and high thermal stabilities up to 250°C. The choice of cation and anion as well as the design of side chains determine fundamental IL properties. These properties desirable for lubricants and the possibility to create tailor-made compounds give rise to the demand of in-depth investigations of IL in tribology. To our best knowledge, the project will be the first extensive and integral approach of IL towards potential future applications as lubricants for metals, ceramics and polymers as well as base for wear and friction reducing nanoparticles. The investigations will involve molecular design and synthesis of new IL as well as preparation of advanced materials containing or based on IL. Evaluation of lubricant and material performance will range from determination of physico-chemical properties including artificial aging of IL and mechanical testing (e.g. tensile and impact strength) to tribometrical experiments. Wear and friction properties will be completed by thorough surface characterization, in particular towards tribochemical reaction layers. Parameters gained from these experiments will be used for modelling of triboprocesses in nanoscale and for molecular design of new ionic lubricants. Studies on biodegradability, toxicology and economical aspects will be studied in detail, too, to verify legal requirements and opportunities for highly potential applications. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary and intersectorial approach is the generation of unique and comprehensive knowledge about IL on a sustainable basis for future implementations as high performance lubricants.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/mechanical engineering/tribology

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2007-1-1-ITN
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-ITN - Networks for Initial Training (ITN)

Coordinator

AC2T RESEARCH GMBH
Address
Viktor Kaplan Strasse 2
2700 Wiener Neustadt
Austria
Activity type
Other
EU contribution
€ 486 873
Administrative Contact
Ernst-Dieter Janotka

Participants (9)

UNIVERZA V LJUBLJANI
Slovenia
EU contribution
€ 393 412
Address
Kongresni Trg 12
1000 Ljubljana
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Jože Vizintin (Prof.)
FUNDACION TEKNIKER
Spain
EU contribution
€ 317 617
Address
Calle Inaki Goenaga 5
20600 Eibar Guipuzcoa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Amaya Igartua (Dr.)
UNIWERSYTET GDANSKI
Poland
EU contribution
€ 208 402
Address
Ul. Bazynskiego 8
80309 Gdansk
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Piotr Stepnowski (Prof.)
CARDIFF UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 278 691
Address
Newport Road 30-36
CF24 ODE Cardiff
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Nick Bodycombe (Mr.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 257 558
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Bruno Andral (Dr.)
MARTIN-LUTHER-UNIVERSITAET HALLE-WITTENBERG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 273 869
Address
Universitaetsplatz 10
6108 Halle (Saale)
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Peter Waehner (Dr.)
INSTITUTUL DE CHIMIE MACROMOLECULARA PETRU PONI
Romania
EU contribution
€ 196 969
Address
Aleea Grigore Ghica Voda 41A
700487 Iasi
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Bogdan C. Simionescu (Prof.)
UNIVERSIDAD DE VIGO
Spain
EU contribution
€ 232 944
Address
Lg Campus Lagoas Marcosende
36310 Vigo Pontevedra
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Angeles López Lozano (Ms.)
GKN Sintermetals S.p.A.
Italy
EU contribution
€ 73 190
Address
Fabrikstraße 5
39031 Bruneck
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Wolfgang Pahl (Dr.)