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Nanocrystalline oxides for selective oxidative electrocatalysis

Objective

The proposed project aims at understanding of the electrocatalytic activity and selectivity of the nanoctrystalline oxide electrodes in oxidation processes. Nanocrystalline forms of electrocatalytically active oxides based on pure RuO2 and Co3O4 and on the oxides derived from those by hetero-static substitution will be synthesized by advanced solution based techniques to obtain single phase materials with defined particle size and shape. Prepared materials will be characterized by diffraction techniques, X-ray absorption spectroscopies (EXAFS/XANES) and electron microscopy (SEM/HRTEM) to obtain information about the structure and surface orientation. The electrocatalytic activity of the prepared materials with respect to industrially important electrocatalytic processes – chlorine and oxygen evolution will be characterized using and common electrocatalytic techniques (CV, DEMS, impedance spectroscopy). The active sites (or their model structural elements) for these processes will be identified by combination of ex-situ XPS and in-situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS/XANES). The obtained data will be used to formulate general relationships between the oxide surface structure and composition and its electrocatalytic activity and selectivity. These general rules may be in the long run used for rational design of novel electrocatalysts with tailored properties.

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/analytical chemistry/spectroscopy
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/electrochemistry/electrolysis
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/electrochemistry/electrocatalysis

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-2-IIF
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IIF - International Incoming Fellowships (IIF)
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Coordinator

USTAV FYZIKALNI CHEMIE J. HEYROVSKEHO AV CR, v. v. i.
Address
Dolejskova 2155/3
182 23 Praha
Czechia
Activity type
Other
EU contribution
€ 179 690,56
Administrative Contact
Petr Krtil (Dr.)