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Engine and turbine combustion of bioliquids for combined heat and power production

Objective

The combustion of plant oils in diesel engines, whether or not after esterification to “biodiesel”, is possible but for the future less desirable because they are derived from food crops (first generation biofuels). Fast pyrolysis liquids derived from ligno-cellulosic materials (second generation biofuel type), are superior in terms of sustainability. Combustion in prime movers like turbines or engines is however still troublesome, although demonstrated already on a significant scale. The aim of the project is to adapt a diesel engine and a micro gas turbine to enable the combustion of various bio-liquids including pyrolysis oils and blends. A relatively high electric efficiency can be achieved in comparison to other prime movers (like a gas engine) and, in this case, on the small to medium scale (50 –1000 kWe). The micro gas turbine and diesel engine should be part of a Combined Heat & Power (and Cooling) system. The project focuses on the required modifications of the engine/turbine, fuel preparation, and emission control (especially NOx). Besides, an assessment will be made of market potential, implementation barriers and sustainability, both for the EU and Russia. Diesel engine combustion of fast pyrolysis oil has been part of earlier EU projects. Unfortunately the success was insufficient due to a lack of involvement of real engine researchers who could develop new engine components. This problem is solved now, a.o. by the participation of a well established, large engine research institute in Moscov. A consortium is created of six complementary partners, including two small industries (SME’s), two big research institutes with established connections to large industries, and two universities. To enhance the communication between EU and Russian partners, one of the SME’s being established in The Netherland but owned by persons of Russian origin, will act as a liaison.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electrical engineering/power engineering/electric power generation/combined heat and power
  • /social sciences/other social sciences/social sciences interdisciplinary/sustainable development
  • /engineering and technology/industrial biotechnology/biomaterials/biofuels

Call for proposal

FP7-ENERGY-2008-RUSSIA
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

B.T.G. BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY GROUP BV
Address
Josink Esweg 34
7545 PN Enschede
Netherlands
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EU contribution
€ 594 622,50
Administrative Contact
John Vos (Mr.)

Participants (6)

ENCONTECH BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 311 460
Address
Nijmansbos 26
7543 GJ Enschede
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alexander Kronberg (Dr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FIRENZE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 367 500
Address
Piazza San Marco 4
50121 Florence
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Andrea Arnone (Prof.)
BORESKOV INSTITUTE OF CATALYSIS, SIBERIAN BRANCH OF RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Russia
Address
Prospect Akademika Lavrentieva 5
630090 Novosibirsk
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Valeriy Kirillov (Prof.)
"FEDERAL STATE UNITARY ENTERPRISE ""CENTRAL, ORDER OF THE RED BANNER, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AUTOMOBILE AND ENGINE INSTITUTE"
Russia
Address
Avtomotornaya 2
125438 Moscow
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Nikolay Khripach (Dr.)
ASTON UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 328 736,25
Address
Aston Triangle
B4 7ET Birmingham
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Anthony Victor (Tony) Bridgwater (Prof.)
The Likhachev Plant (AMO ZIL)
Russia
Address
Avtozavodskaya 23
115280 Moscow
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Andrey Latyshev (Mr.)