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Origins and spread of agriculture in the south-western Mediterranean region

Objective

This project focuses on one of the most fascinating events of the long history of the human species: the origins and spread of agriculture. Research over the past 40 years has provided an invaluable dataset on crop domestication and the spread of agriculture into Europe. However, despite the enormous advances in research there are important areas that remain almost unexplored, some of immense interest. This is the case of the western Mediterranean region from where our knowledge is still limited (Iberian Peninsula) or almost inexistent (northern Morocco). The last few years have witnessed a considerable increase in archaeobotany and the effort of a group of Spanish researchers working together in different aspects of agriculture has started to produce the first results. My proposal will approach the study of the arrival of agriculture to the western Mediterranean by exploring different interrelated research areas. The project involves the
application of different techniques (analysis of charred plant remains, pollen and non-pollen microfossils, phytoliths, micro-wear analyses, isotopes, soil micromorphology, genetics, and ethnoarchaeology) which will help to define the emergence and spread of agriculture in the area, its likely place of origin, its main technological attributes as well as the range crop husbandry practices carried out. The interaction between the different approaches and the methodologies involved will allow achieving a greater understanding of the type of agriculture that characterized the first farming communities in the most south-western part of Europe.

Field of science

  • /humanities/history and archaeology/archaeology/ethnoarchaeology
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture

Call for proposal

ERC-2008-AdG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-AG - ERC Advanced Grant

Host institution

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Spain
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 221 782
Principal investigator
Maria Leonor Peña Chocarro (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Alberto Sereno Alvarez (Mr.)

Beneficiaries (6)

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 1 221 782
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
Principal investigator
Maria Leonor Peña Chocarro (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Alberto Sereno Alvarez (Mr.)
UNIVERSITAT DE BARCELONA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 63 829
Address
Gran Via De Les Corts Catalanes 585
08007 Barcelona
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Alex Aguilar (Prof.)
UNIVERSIDAD DE LLEIDA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 148 958
Address
Placa Victor Siurana 1 1
25003 Lleida
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Maribel Palau (Ms.)
NIAB
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 22 800
Address
Huntingdon Road
CB3 0LE Cambridge
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Sara Foote (Ms.)
THE CHANCELLOR MASTERS AND SCHOLARSOF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 22 800
Address
Trinity Lane The Old Schools
CB2 1TN Cambridge
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Edna Murphy (Ms.)
UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 65 000
Address
Colexio De San Xerome Praza Do Obradoiro S/n
15782 Santiago De Compostela
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Fernando Sedano Arnaez (Dr.)