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Lignin and carbohydrate acylation in nonwoody plant cell-walls: Structural role, enzymatic cleavage and biotechnological relevance

Objective

The aim of this proposed Marie Curie project is to investigate lignin vs hemicellulose acylation/deacylation in different non-woody angiosperms in connection with plant cell-wall structure and degradability. The focus will be on the use of esterases to remove acylating groups and to cleave the lignin-carbohydrate interface. Such an approach would help to develop a ‘white biotechnological’ process to enzymatically pretreat plant biomass for downstream applications, such as biofuel and the preparation of platform chemicals, while retaining the natural structures of the three main components of lignocellulosic material: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The approach will be multidisciplinary in as much as enzymology will be coupled with 2D-NMR analysis, microbiology, molecular biology, and structural biology to understand the interaction between enzyme and substrate. Interactions with companies, economists and social scientists will be sought to develop research in relation to market and societal drivers. Further training in project management and proposal preparation will be undertaken allowing the applicant to progress his scientific career from leading small national projects and partner-specific tasks towards workpackage leadership and coordination of larger multidisciplinary projects. Furthermore, a workshop designed to bring together world-leading scientists in the science and exploitation of lignin and plant polysaccharides is planned to be run by the applicant towards the end of the project.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/biofuels
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/biochemistry/biomolecules/carbohydrates
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/molecular biology
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/molecular biology/structural biology
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/microbiology
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/biochemistry/biomolecules/proteins/enzymes

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-IEF-2008
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IEF - Intra-European Fellowships (IEF)

Coordinator

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Spain
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 218 731,03
Administrative Contact
Carlos Manuel Abad Ruiz (Mr.)