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Biowaste and Algae Knowledge for the Production of 2nd Generation Biofuels

Objective

The Biowalk4Biofuels Project aims to develop an alternative and innovative system for biowaste energy recovery and use of GHG emissions to produce biofuels, using macroalgae as a catalyser, in a multidisciplinary approach. The objectives of the project are: production of a cost-efficient biogas without using cereal crops; optimise the production of biogas per amount of biowaste and CO2 used, with low land use for plant facilities; and increase and optimize the types of biowastes that can be utilised for biogas production. To achieve the underlined objectives, research activities are to be carried out on the selection of adequate macroalgae species that can reach high output biomass yields and high carbohydrate content. Pre-cultivation of protoplasts will allow to obtain easily available biomass for feeding the cultivation open floating ponds within shorter periods, thanks to the rapid proliferation of germplasm, diminishing the life-cycle of macroalgae.
In addition, the relationship between growth and energy potential of selected species with the amounts/characteristic of GHG emissions and biowaste introduced in the cultivation medium is to be studied. . After fermenting the algal biomass and other biowastes, the cycle is closed by producing biogas to be used for electricity and heat generation and as a transport fuel. A high quality biogas is expected, hence a purification step will proceed the final product. Furthermore, organic residues output from the methanation biodigestor are to be used as fertilizer after solid/liquid separation. The liquid fraction of the digestate will be treated in a biological oxidation system .A portion of the unseparated outlet effluent from the oxidation system (solids + liquid) will be fed to the macroalgae cultivation (instead of the enrichment with chemical N-P-K fertilizers). Meanwhile, the other portion will be reused as feeding for the AD plant section. This process solution will permit to feed with several critical biowastes the biodigester, transforming them into a resource. The expected impact is to produce a cost-efficient, low energy-intensive, purified biogas, to reduce negative environmental impacts from industry (GHG emissions) and biowaste. The multidisciplinary approach solution to reduce GHG emission and process biowaste, while producing energy, seeking for the future replications in other locations.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/biofuels
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/electrochemistry/electrolysis
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/energy recovery
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/plant breeding/crops
  • /social sciences/social and economic geography/transport
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/microbiology/phycology

Call for proposal

FP7-ENERGY-2009-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA LA SAPIENZA
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 5
00185 Roma
Italy
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 1 044 037,20
Administrative Contact
Silvano Simoni (Dr.)

Participants (11)

CONSORZIO NAZIONALE INTERUNIVERSITARIO PER LE SCIENZE DEL MARE ASSOCIAZIONE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 369 138
Address
Piazzale Flaminio 9
00196 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Annibale Cutrona (Dr.)
ECOIL SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 271 964,40
Address
Via Nicolo Tartaglia 15
00197 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Elio Di Lella (Dr.)
AARHUS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 236 514,75
Address
Nordre Ringgade 1
8000 Aarhus C
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Michael Bo Rasmussen (Mr.)
TEKNOLOGISK INSTITUT
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 191 709
Address
Gregersensvej 1
2630 Taastrup
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Peter Daubjerg Jensen (Dr.)
COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
India
EU contribution
€ 124 095,60
Address
Anusandhan Bhawan, Rafi Marg 2
110001 New Dehli
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Bhavanath Jha (Prof.)
ASOCIACION NGVA EUROPE
Spain
EU contribution
€ 104 006,40
Address
Avenida De Aragon 402
28022 Madrid
Activity type
Other
Administrative Contact
Manuel Lage (Dr.)
Scandinavian GtS AB

Participation ended

Sweden
EU contribution
€ 4 800
Address
Torsgatan 30
113 21 Stockholm
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Hans-Olof Kättström (Mr.)
HASHEMITE UNIVERSITY
Jordan
EU contribution
€ 35 021
Address
Po Box 150459
13115 Zarqa
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Radhi Al-Rashidi (Prof.)
RIGAS TEHNISKA UNIVERSITATE
Latvia
EU contribution
€ 102 911,40
Address
Kalku Iela 1
1658 Riga
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Dagnija Blumberga (Prof.)
AQUAGRI PROCESSING PRIVATE LIMITED
India
EU contribution
€ 113 517,25
Address
Anand Lok 18
110049 New Delhi
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Arun Patnaik (Mr.)
Power Ventures

Participation ended

Italy
EU contribution
€ 304 285,20
Address
Via Tamburini 6
20123 Milano
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Fabio Angelo Fontana (Mr.)