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MCFC catalyst and stack component degradation and lifetime: Fuel Gas CONTaminant effects and EXtraction strategies

Objective

High-T fuel cells like the MCFC are the best candidate for exploiting cleanly & efficiently non-conventional fuels of organic or waste-derived origin that are one of the keys to a sustainable energy infrastructure & have very strong potential, but the degradation caused by the contaminants in these fuels must be addressed. MCFC-CONTEX aims to tackle this problem from 2 sides: 1) investigating poisoning mechanisms caused by alternative fuels & determining precisely MCFC tolerance limits for long-term endurance; 2) optimizing fuel cleaning to achieve tailored degrees of purification according to MCFC operating conditions & tolerance. The 1st line of activity requires extensive & long-term cell testing, so in parallel methods will be sought to increase experimental effectiveness: a numerical model will be set up to simulate & predict the effects of contaminants, and as knowledge is gained of the poisoning mechanisms through the experimental & simulation campaigns, accelerated testing procedures will be conceived & validated. The 2nd line of investigation entails characterization & development of clean-up materials & processes, focusing on the most promising options to be selected at the start of the project. To carry out this research, real-time & highly accurate contaminant detection methods are necessary which have to be implemented in the fuel-clean-up-MCFC chain to monitor the fate of the harmful species & thus deduce their effects. This will be the 3rd line of activity. Outcome of the project will be: increased understanding of poisoning mechanisms & a set of operating conditions-dependent tolerance limits for the MCFC; a numerical model for prediction of contaminant-induced degradation effects; validated accelerated testing procedures; a prototypal clean-up system optimized for upgrading selected non-conventional fuel gases to established MCFC requirements; a reliable trace species detection system for monitoring of fuel quality & process control.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/gas
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/renewable energy
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels

Call for proposal

FCH-JU-2008-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

JTI-CP-FCH - Joint Technology Initiatives - Collaborative Project (FCH)

Coordinator

AGENZIA NAZIONALE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE, L'ENERGIA E LO SVILUPPO ECONOMICO SOSTENIBILE
Address
Lungotevere Grande Ammiraglio Thaon Di Revel 76
000196 Roma
Italy
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 446 933,13
Administrative Contact
Angelo Moreno (Dr.)

Participants (10)

MTU Onsite Energy GmbH

Participation ended

Germany
EU contribution
€ 75 083,30
Address
Maybachplatz 1
88045 Friedrichshafen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Klaus Steiner (Mr.)
ANSALDO FUEL CELLS S.P.A.

Participation ended

Italy
EU contribution
€ 156 559,74
Address
Corso Perrone 25
16152 Genova
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Flavio Federici (Dr.)
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET MUENCHEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 366 304,30
Address
Arcisstrasse 21
80333 Muenchen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ulrike Ronchetti (Ms.)
TURKIYE BILIMSEL VE TEKNOLOJIK ARASTIRMA KURUMU
Turkey
EU contribution
€ 109 405
Address
Ataturk Bulvari 221
06100 Ankara
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Namık ünlü (Mr.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI GENOVA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 151 603,75
Address
Via Balbi 5
16126 Genova
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Rosella Bracco (Ms.)
KUNGLIGA TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLAN
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 128 695
Address
Brinellvagen 8
100 44 Stockholm
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Kiki Price (Ms.)
OSKAR VON MILLER - INSTITUT DE CONCEPTIE, CERCETARE SI PROIECTARE ECHIPAMENTE TERMOENERGETICE

Participation ended

Romania
EU contribution
€ 57 760,25
Address
Calea Rahovei 266 - 268
050912 Bucharest
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Elisabeta Pasculete (Dr.)
JRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Belgium
Address
Rue De La Loi 200
1049 Brussels
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Josephina Pijls (Ms.)
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 100 475
Address
Piazza Dell Universita 1
06123 Perugia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Umberto Desideri (Prof.)
CETAQUA, CENTRO TECNOLOGICO DEL AGUA, FUNDACION PRIVADA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 249 013,08
Address
Carretera D'esplugues 75 Local 1-2
08940 Cornella De Llobregat Barcelona
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Xavier Roca (Mr.)