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Quasi-anhydrous and dry membranes for next generation fuel cells

Objective

The European Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan has identified fuel cells and hydrogen among the technologies needed for Europe to achieve the targets for 2020 - 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions; 20% share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix; and 20% reduction in primary energy use – as well as to achieve the long-term vision for 2050 towards decarbonisation. The objective of QuasiDry is to develop innovative fuel cell electrolyte membranes for the next generation of fuel cells, satisfying the long-term automotive targets for cell temperatures at ca. 120 °C. Recent work in the partner laboratories convincingly demonstrates that phosphonic acid functionalised polymers are a viable alternative to sulfonic acids for high temperature operation. Their potential as membrane materials having high proton conductivity that demonstrates little variation with temperature and relative humidity will be shown in the QuasiDry project, and they will be validated by integrating them into membrane electrode assemblies with properties appropriate to automotive fuel cell operation. The increase of proton conductivity with temperature, including at low relative humidity, will allow continuous increase in fuel cell performance with temperature, rather than the drop in performance for all sulfonic acid functionalised membranes above ca. 80-90 °C. Catalysts adapted to phosphonic protogenic functions and high temperature operation will be developed. QuasiDry membranes will be validated within the project by elaboration of electrodes and membrane electrode assemblies, to the scale of small-scale (50 cm2) single cell demonstrators. The end result will be a step-change in the properties of the materials, as is required to underpin the future of European fuel cell research. Such long-term innovation is beyond the scope of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen and yet corresponds fully to the FET remit for future emerging technologies for energy applications.

Call for proposal

FP7-ENERGY-2010-FET
See other projects for this call

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
France
Activity type
Other
EU contribution
€ 383 460
Administrative Contact
Jocelyn Mere (Dr.)

Participants (6)

MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 282 300
Address
Paradisgatan 5C
22100 Lund
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Olov Sterner (Prof.)
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 271 350
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Munchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Udo Schreiner (Mr.)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 300 000
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Agatino Nicita (Dr.)
JOHNSON MATTHEY FUEL CELLS LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 245 979
Address
Farringdon Street 25
EC4A 4AB London
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Graham Hards (Mr.)
FUMATECH BWT GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 157 550
Address
Carl Benz Strasse 4
74321 Bietigheim Bissingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Bernd Bauer (Dr.)
PRETEXO
France
EU contribution
€ 87 600
Address
58 Avenue D'occitanie Bat J2 Apt 193
34090 Montpellier
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Nathalie Cros (Dr.)