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High Performance Solid Propellants for In-Space Propulsion

Objective

The objective of this project is to significantly reduce the time, cost and mass required for spacecrafts to reach their destinations. This is directly linked to their propulsion systems. The only way to significantly improve the performance of a propulsion system is to develop propellants with higher specific impulse.

The objective of the project will be met by developing a high performance solid rocket propellant with performance similar or higher compared to state of the art liquid bi-propellants and about 10% higher compared to the current state of the art solid propellants. The project thus address advanced chemical propulsion technologies and more specifically advanced high energy density fuels, for in-space propulsion, mentioned in the Work Programme.

Development of a high performance solid propellant will be achieved by using the new high energy density oxidizer ammonium dinitramide, ADN, an energetic binder based on glycidyl azide polymer, GAP, and high energy density fuels such as aluminium hydride (AlH3), nano-aluminium and activated aluminium. Recent breakthroughs in the area of high energy density materials at several laboratories in Europe have shown that development of such propellants now seems viable.

The propellant developed will be fully characterized with respect to stability, hazard properties, mechanical properties and performance. The performance will be determined at the end of the project by firing a test motor containing approximately 7 kg of propellant. Finally system analysis will be performed to determine the overall mission benefits by selecting two reference missions.

Currently the high energy density materials to be used in the project are produced in small scale. The methods to produce them will be improved in order to produce the amount needed for the project. These production improvements will also make the materials more available to the space community and thus help to implement them in future missions.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds

Call for proposal

FP7-SPACE-2010-1
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

TOTALFORSVARETS FORSKNINGSINSTITUT
Address
Gullfossgatan 6
164 90 Stockholm
Sweden
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 548 224
Administrative Contact
Teresa Klett (Ms.)

Participants (8)

FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
Germany
EU contribution
€ 340 666
Address
Hansastrasse 27C
80686 Munchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Andrea Zeumann (Ms.)
THE INNER ARCHSARL
France
EU contribution
€ 61 605
Address
Rue Saint Sébastien 4
78300 Poissy
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Max Calabro (Mr.)
POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 282 048
Address
Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32
20133 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Fulvio Mongilardi (Mr.)
NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE VOOR TOEGEPAST NATUURWETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK TNO
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 274 478
Address
Anna Van Buerenplein 1
2595 DA Den Haag
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
John Zevenbergen (Dr.)
SIBTERMOKHIM OOO
Russia
EU contribution
€ 52 050
Address
Akademicheskiy 8/3-420
634034 Tomsk
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Alexander Vorozhtsov (Prof.)
EURENCO Bofors AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 129 527
Address
Kontorsvagen 4
691 86 Karlskoga
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Björn Börjesson (Mr.)
AVIO SPA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 190 710
Address
Via Antonio Salandra N18
00187 Roma
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Massimo Negro (Dr.)
EURENCO SA
France
EU contribution
€ 96 375
Address
Quai Henry Iv 12
75004 Paris
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Christian Spyckerelle (Dr.)