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A Global Approach to Near-Earth Object Impact Threat Mitigation

Objectif

Collisions of asteroids and comets with the Earth have taken place frequently over geological history and have altered the evolutionary course of life; there is no reason why they should not continue to hit the Earth at irregular and unpredictable intervals in the future. Thousands of near-Earth objects (NEOs), mainly asteroids, have been discovered over the past 20 years and the reality of the impact hazard has been laid bare. Can we protect our civilization from the next major impact?

We propose to carry out a detailed analysis of the open questions relating to realistic options for preventing the collision of a NEO with the Earth. Solutions will be provided to critical scientific and technical issues that currently stand in the way of demonstrating the feasibility of promising mitigation options via test missions. While a mitigation test mission is beyond the financial scope of the present Call, we aim to provide detailed test-mission designs for the most feasible mitigation concepts, facilitating the rapid development of actual test missions at a later stage.

Our project concept includes laboratory experiments and associated modelling to provide the necessary data pertaining to the behaviour of a NEO during a deflection attempt. The experimental results and modelling will help to improve our understanding of the nature of NEOs and allow the feasibility of mitigation techniques and mission designs to be accurately assessed.

Our project includes appropriate partners from established space-faring nations outside the European Union. We propose to formulate a global response campaign roadmap that may be implemented when a serious impact threat arises. The roadmap will consider the necessary international decision-making milestones, required reconnaissance observations, both from the ground and from rendezvous spacecraft, practical prerequisites, such as precise orbit tracking, and a campaign of perhaps several mitigation missions, depending on circumstances.

Appel à propositions

FP7-SPACE-2011-1
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Coordinateur

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Adresse
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Allemagne

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Research Organisations
Contact administratif
Doris Hiepe (Ms.)
Contribution de l’UE
€ 722 745

Participants (12)

OBSERVATOIRE DE PARIS
France
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€ 439 056
Adresse
Avenue De L Observatoire 61
75014 Paris

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Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contact administratif
Christiane Adam (Ms.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
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€ 257 727
Adresse
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris

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Research Organisations
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Hélène Faradji (Dr.)
THE OPEN UNIVERSITY
United Kingdom
Contribution de l’UE
€ 276 656,40
Adresse
Walton Hall
MK7 6AA Milton Keynes

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Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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David Barfield (Mr.)
FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG EV
Allemagne
Contribution de l’UE
€ 524 460
Adresse
Hansastrasse 27c
80686 Munchen

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Research Organisations
Contact administratif
Maximilian Steiert (Mr.)
THE QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY OF BELFAST
United Kingdom
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€ 264 256,80
Adresse
University Road Lanyon Building
BT7 1NN Belfast

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Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
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Pauline Mccann (Ms.)
AIRBUS DS GMBH
Allemagne
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€ 547 822
Adresse
Robert Koch Strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen

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Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
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Wolfram Lork (Mr.)
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE LTD
United Kingdom
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€ 147 500
Adresse
Gunnels Wood Road
SG1 2AS Stevenage

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Contact administratif
Matthew Stuttard (Mr.)
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
France
Contribution de l’UE
€ 196 433
Adresse
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex

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Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
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Emilie Demange (Ms.)
DEIMOS SPACE SOCIEDAD LIMITADA UNIPERSONAL
Espagne
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€ 165 558
Adresse
Ronda De Poniente, Edificio Fiteni Vi, 2, 2º 19
28760 Tres Cantos (Madrid)

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Laurence Mégret (Ms.)
SETI INSTITUTE CORPORATION
États-Unis
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€ 110 295
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N Bernardo Ave 189
94043 Mountain View Ca

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David Morrison (Dr.)
FEDERALNOE GOSUDARSTVENNOE UNITARNOPREDPRIYATIE TSENTRALNY NAUCHNO- ISSLEDOVATELSKY INSTITUT MACHINOSTROENIYA
Russie
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€ 210 000
Adresse
Pionerskaya 4
141070 Korolev

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Dmitry Payson (Dr.)
UNIVERSITY OF SURREY
United Kingdom
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€ 100 500
Adresse
Stag Hill
GU2 7XH Guildford

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Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Contact administratif
Maria Sega-Buhalis (Ms.)