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Creating and testing a method for controlling the air quality based on a new biotechnological tool. Use of a devitalized moss clone as passive contaminant sensor

Objective

The European Council Directive 96/62/EC about ambient air quality assessment and management, requires to States the periodical availability of information about air quality within their territories. Nevertheless, the available methods are expensive, which prevents they can be used in a large scale. Thus, at present it is necessary to have inexpensive and robust tools for monitoring air quality across Europe. The use of mosses, due to its high efficiency in the load of both particulate and gaseous forms of organic pollutants, inorganic and radioactive, may be an optimal choice. Until now they are used as biomonitors of air quality, but recently several investigators have realized the benefits of using devitalized mosses, because it allows disposing transplants in well defined initial conditions. This really leaves the field of biomonitoring, as the material is used dead, and approximates to the setup of a new biotechnological tool. Actually biotechnological techniques allow cultivating mosses in bioreactors, so it is possible to isolate a moss clone, to cultivate it and to produce a standard material (potentially patentable) which would be comparable to the use of resins or polymers for atmospheric quality control -mosses behave as pollutant exchange resins and their use as filters has been considered for decades. For these reasons we propose the implementation of a project having as main contents: 1) selection and culture of a moss clone; 2) characterization -molecular, physical, physical-chemical and multi-elemental- of the cultivated clone; 3) large-scale production of moss-bags for transplants; 4) comparison between the data collected using moss-bags and traditional techniques (i.e. bulk deposition collectors, particles samplers and gaseous samplers) to allow tool validation; 5) to do a methodological standardization to develop a protocol for using moss-bags; and 6) to develop ta method for identification of pollution focus.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/air pollution engineering

Call for proposal

FP7-ENV-2011-ECO-INNOVATION-TwoStage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Coordinator

UNIVERSIDAD DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA
Address
Colexio De San Xerome Praza Do Obradoiro S/n
15782 Santiago De Compostela
Spain
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 446 124,74
Administrative Contact
Martin Cacheiro Martinez (Mr.)

Participants (9)

ALBERT-LUDWIGS-UNIVERSITAET FREIBURG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 486 016,40
Address
Fahnenbergplatz
79098 Freiburg
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Ralf Reski (Prof.)
AMRA - ANALISI E MONITORAGGIO DEL RISCHIO AMBIENTALE SCARL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 863 618,80
Address
Via Nuova Agnano 11
80125 Napoli
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Simonetta Giordano (Prof.)
UNIVERSIDADE DA CORUNA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 362 096
Address
Calle De La Maestranza 9
15001 La Coruna
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Angel Fernández Castro (Prof.)
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
EU contribution
€ 172 968
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Patrick Mounaud (Mr.)
BIOVIA CONSULTOR AMBIENTAL SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 621 160,40
Address
Calle Doctor Teixeiro 7/7
15701 Santiago De Compostela
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Ana Rey-Asensio (Mrs.)
ORION SRL
Italy
EU contribution
€ 326 451,60
Address
Via Volta 25B
35030 Veggiano
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Silvia Zanella (Dr.)
TECNO AMBIENTE SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 30 314,16
Address
Calle Industria 550-552
08918 Badalona Barcelona
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Francisco Leis Vidal (Mr.)
T.E. LABORATORIES LIMITED
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 147 474,90
Address
Tullow Industrial Estate
R93 Tullow
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Mark Bowkett (Mr.)
Maderas Ornanda S.A.
Spain
EU contribution
€ 35 797
Address
Minortos
15200 Porto Do Son A Coruna
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Lois Agrelo Hermo (Mr.)