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Post-transcriptional regulation of Germline Stem Cells (GSCs) maintenance

Objective

Adult stem cells (SCs), also known as tissue SCs, support tissue homeostasis and repair throughout the entire life of the organism. The remarkable longevity of tissue SCs relies on their unique ability to asymmetrically generate new SCs (self-renewal) as well as specialized cell types (differentiation). Notably, many genes that signal to regulate the balance between renewal and differentiation encode proteins as well as small RNA molecules, predicted to regulate specific mRNAs. This proposal is aimed to uncover RNA regulation networks essential for maintaining an adult germline stem cells (GSCs) pool, and for preventing differentiation along the germline lineage. Ultimately, I wish to understand in molecular details how the activities of diverse post-transcriptional factors are coordinated in space and time to give a functional tissue homeostasis. Using the Drosophila testis - a stem cell based tissue model in which stem cells and the niche have been defined and can be manipulated, I aim to investigate SCs regulation by conserved RNA regulators. To pursue these interests I will use a variety of biochemical and genetic assays in the highly genetically amenable model organism, Drosophila melanogaster.
Given that tissue homeostasis and repair supported by adult SCs is a primordial mechanism of multicellular animals, I anticipate the functional importance of many of the genes to be identified will be conserved between flies and mammals. Understanding the mechanistic basis of adult SC self-renewal, as well as of regulating the differentiation and proliferation of their progeny, will ultimately facilitate stem cell based therapies for regenerative medicine including age-onset diseases and cancer.

Field of science

  • /medical and health sciences/basic medicine/physiology/homeostasis
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/rna
  • /medical and health sciences/medical biotechnology/cells technologies/stem cells

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IIF
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IIF - International Incoming Fellowships (IIF)

Coordinator

TECHNION - ISRAEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Address
Senate Building Technion City
32000 Haifa
Israel
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 250 106
Administrative Contact
Mark Davison (Mr.)