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From Holocene to Anthropocene: the pace of microevolution in trees

Objective

"There are widespread concerns that trees, due to their long life-span, are not able to cope with the rapid ongoing climate change. While many studies have so far investigated potential impacts of climate change on forests, much less attention has been given to the potential evolutionary responses of tree populations. However there is a large body of evidence stemming from experimental evolutionary genetics showing that adaptive differentiation has extensively occurred during past environmental changes. This project challenges these views and explores the pace at which evolutionary change has taken place during past gradual and under current rapid environmental change. It builds on the reconstruction of evolutionary trajectories during the Holocene and Anthropocene to infer evolutionary rates, taking temperate oaks as a case study. The project assembles insights and contributions from paleobotany, ecology, ecophysiology, genetics, genomics and evolution in a generic framework for the assessment and prediction of rates of evolution at different hierarchical levels (genome to phenome). Beyond the assessments of past and current evolutionary change, the project provides an integrative simulation framework that will allow the monitoring and prediction of adaptive responses of trees under various evolutionary scenarios."

Field of science

  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity
  • /natural sciences/biological sciences/genetics and heredity/genome
  • /natural sciences/earth and related environmental sciences/palaeontology/paleobotany

Call for proposal

ERC-2013-ADG
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

ERC-AG - ERC Advanced Grant

Host institution

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
Address
Rue De L'universite 147
75338 Paris Cedex 07
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 2 498 971
Principal investigator
Antoine Kremer (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Fabienne Schneider (Mrs.)

Beneficiaries (1)

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE RECHERCHE POUR L'AGRICULTURE, L'ALIMENTATION ET L'ENVIRONNEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 2 498 971
Address
Rue De L'universite 147
75338 Paris Cedex 07
Activity type
Research Organisations
Principal investigator
Antoine Kremer (Dr.)
Administrative Contact
Fabienne Schneider (Mrs.)