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Codeine Use, Misuse and Dependence

Objective

Contemporary research has underscored the need for ‘increased pharmaco-vigilence’ around codeine dispensing as the most commonly consumed opiate worldwide. Codeine represents an interesting quandary in terms of its regulated status, with individuals varying in their metabolism of codeine, estimation of safe dosages, and abuse potential. Within user trajectories of codeine use, a variety of sub groups exist in the form of the elderly, youth, parents, recreational, problematic and opiate dependent drug users, and each with their own motives, patterns and outcomes for use. Increases in treatment uptakes relating to codeine dependency and concerns for appropriate design of treatment protocols have been recorded globally. There is a clear need for this unique collaboration to present data on codeine user profiles so as to inform the design of protective mechanisms in the pharmacy profession to track, monitor , support and refer codeine misusers. The research aims to quantify the extent of codeine use, misuse and dependence in three countries (Ireland, United Kingdom and South Africa), with focus on therapeutic and non therapeutic use, so as to create user profiles of use and abuse and capture individual user, pharmacy, medic and treatment provider perspectives. Data will be used to inform the design of pharmacy based brief interventions and customer monitoring systems, continuing staff training and management of appropriate treatment interventions. A mixed method approach will commence with a meta-analysis and systematic review of literature, which along with national pharmacist, medic and treatment provider surveying, will inform the design and implementation of sweep surveys of individuals purchasing OTC codeine in pharmacies, internet based codeine user focus groups targeting web based sales and use, and interviews with codeine users, mis-users and dependents in each country.

Field of science

  • /humanities/languages and literature/literature - general
  • /natural sciences/computer and information sciences/internet
  • /medical and health sciences/basic medicine/pharmacology and pharmacy

Call for proposal

FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IAPP
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MC-IAPP - Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways (IAPP)

Coordinator

WATERFORD INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Address
Cork Road
X91 Waterford
Ireland
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 351 853,94
Administrative Contact
John Wells (Mr.)

Participants (5)

KING'S COLLEGE LONDON
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 448 738,40
Address
Strand
WC2R 2LS London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Administrative Contact
Paul Labbett (Mr.)
SOUTH AFRICAN MEDICAL RESEARCH COUNCIL
South Africa
EU contribution
€ 133 633,50
Address
Francie Van Zijl Drive - Parowvalley
7505 Tygerberg
Activity type
Research Organisations
Administrative Contact
Charles Parry (Prof.)
HI WELDRICK LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 457 314,88
Address
Railway Court Leedale House
DN4 5FB Doncaster
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Richard Harris (Mr.)
THE LEADING PHARMACY (PTY) LTD
South Africa
EU contribution
€ 257 667,85
Address
Derdestraat 37
2210 Delmas
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Gerhard Beukes (Mr.)
CARA PHARMACY LIMITED
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 392 746,43
Address
Station Road
Ballyshannon Donegal
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Administrative Contact
Michael Donnelly (Mr.)