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Detecting changes in essential ecosystem and biodiversity properties – towards a Biosphere Atmosphere Change Index: BACI

Objetivo

The alarming rate of biodiversity loss and ecosystem transitions make it clear that new strategies are required to sustain functioning of the coupled ecological-societal system. Existing space data archives and data streams from the ESA Sentinels, offer unprecedented opportunities to provide rapid, high quality indicators necessary for informed management of key ecosystem services. Yet, it remains largely unclear how space and ground-based observations can be optimally integrated to generate products required by end user communities (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2014). By fusing extensive expertise on optical and radar remote sensing, ground data on ecosystem state and function, “big data” scientists, and active participation of user groups, BACI will advance this integration. BACI will translate space data to new variables (not directly observable from space) that encode ecosystem functional properties and status metrics. This will empower concepts of “essential biodiversity variables”. Advanced machine learning methods will be employed to reveal new and fundamental relationships between space observations and ecosystem status. BACI will incorporate a wide range of original data and downstream data products specifically targeting needs for early-warning systems, including a novel “Biosphere-Atmosphere Change Index”. We will prioritize selected key European and African regions now undergoing massive societal-ecological transformations, offering perspective towards operational assessments. A formal attribution framework will disentangle climate-induced ecosystem changes and socioeconomic/ecological transformation processes. Overall, BACI will advance usage of European space data to monitor relevant vegetation traits, status, and ecosystem functioning. By capitalizing on existing datasets, we will prototype new algorithms to rapidly implement these metrics and thus space-to-ground integration of the new ESA Sentinels.

Ámbito científico

  • /ingeniería y tecnología/ingeniería ambiental/teledetección
  • /ciencias naturales/informática y ciencias de la información/inteligencia artificial/aprendizaje automático

Convocatoria de propuestas

H2020-EO-2014
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Régimen de financiación

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinador

MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Dirección
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Alemania
Tipo de actividad
Research Organisations
Aportación de la UE
€ 717 000

Participantes (10)

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA
Italia
Aportación de la UE
€ 290 000
Dirección
Via S Maria In Gradi 4
01100 Viterbo
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EIDGENOSSICHEN FORSCHUNGSANSTALT FUR WALD SCHNEE UND LANDSCHAFT
Suiza
Aportación de la UE
€ 0
Dirección
Zuercherstrasse 111
8903 Birmensdorf
Tipo de actividad
Research Organisations
FRIEDRICH-SCHILLER-UNIVERSITAT JENA
Alemania
Aportación de la UE
€ 588 875
Dirección
Furstengraben 1
07743 Jena
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
Países Bajos
Aportación de la UE
€ 350 750
Dirección
Droevendaalsesteeg 4
6708 PB Wageningen
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON
United Kingdom
Aportación de la UE
€ 246 367,50
Dirección
Gower Street
WC1E 6BT London
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITAET KLAGENFURT

La participación finalizó

Austria
Aportación de la UE
€ 233 614,20
Dirección
Universitaetsstrasse 65-67
9020 Klagenfurt
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AARHUS UNIVERSITET
Dinamarca
Aportación de la UE
€ 310 000
Dirección
Nordre Ringgade 1
8000 Aarhus C
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
REZATEC LIMITED
United Kingdom
Aportación de la UE
€ 175 625
Dirección
2 Chawley Park, Cunnor Hill
OX2 9GG Oxford
Tipo de actividad
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
United Kingdom
Aportación de la UE
€ 31 687,50
Dirección
Polaris House North Star Avenue
SN2 1FL Swindon
Tipo de actividad
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITAET FUER BODENKULTUR WIEN
Austria
Aportación de la UE
€ 53 939,55
Dirección
Gregor Mendel Strasse 33
1180 Wien
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments