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¡Viable and Alternative Mine Operating System!

Deliverables

System functionality tests report

D5.2: System functionality tests report - SMD [M33, 48] D5.2 will report on the innovative mining system functionality tests and findings

Site Diary

D5.3: Site Diary – SMD [M35, 48] D5.3 will provide a record of the activities involved in setting up each site, field tests and equipment mobilisation, along with potential lessons learned from the operational activities performed at each site.

Environmental impact assessment

D6.3 Environmental impact assessment – FUGRO [M30, 37, 48] D6.3 will comprise analysis and interpretation of the monitoring conducted before, during and after the trials. This evidence base will be used to support recommendations for impact assessment of submerged mining of other enclosed inland open pit mines. This deliverable will also complement and inform deliverables D6.5: Policy Recommendations, and any relevant environmental components of D6.6: Future Research Roadmap.

Proof of environmental viability of the submerged mining concept

D5.5: Proof of environmental viability of the submerged mining concept – FUGRO [M46] D5.5 will provide the following measurements based on the first/both complete mining trial monitoring life cycle(s): 1. Pre-trial surface water and environmental measurements. Groundwater measurements will be taken from any available pre-existing and accessible boreholes with suitable historical datasets. 2. Post-trial surface water and environmental measurements. Groundwater measurements will be taken from any available pre-existing and accessible boreholes with suitable historical datasets. 3. Ranges of water quality within the water column during mining activities. 4. Measurements of pit water levels before, during and after trials.

Proof of operational viability of the submerged mining concept

D5.4: Proof of operational viability of the submerged mining concept – BMT [M34] D5.4 will provide the necessary confidence to encourage market uptake by giving 1. Verification that submerged cutting of hard rocks is feasible at industrial rates in a wide range of in situ mining conditions and that state of the art cutting equipment can cope with hyperbaric conditions 2. Verification that a submerged mining machine and HROV can navigate successfully underwater, in the dark, and follow a pre-determined mine plan, minimising turbidity and overcoming reflection problems from the pit walls – using state of the art sensory and perception systems 3. Verification that the changing survey data (changing mine face) can be captured and used to update a mine’s block model for planning and enable real time pilot/operator response 4. Verification that ore grade can be measured quickly enough to enable informed and timely mine scheduling decisions 5. Verification that the equipment can cope with a wide range of typi

Base data for use in EU offshore territories with attractive subsea minerals

D5.7: Base data for use in EU offshore territories with attractive subsea minerals – SMD [M48] D5.7 will provide Base information for the emerging EU subsea mining industry

Sustainable Mining Forum and Advisory Board reports

D1.4 Sustainable Mining Forum and Advisory Board reports– DAM [M6, 12, 26, 38, 48] D1.4 will provide will provide consolidation reports on the views of the SMF and Advisory Board on project progress and potential impact on the mining community. It will also highlight recommendations regarding the activities to be undertaken during the meeting interval periods.

Innovation Agenda

D1.2: Innovation Agenda – CF [M6, 12, 18, 30] D1.2 will provide a technology vision of mining operations to be implemented by intelligent machinery using submerged solutions with minimal environmental impact.

Field test planning

D5.1: Field test planning – SMD [M24, 38, 43] D5.1 will define the order of site field tests and a sequential operating plan for mining at each site

Proof of financial viability of the submerged mining concept

D5.6 Proof of financial viability of the submerged mining concept – MUL [M48] D5.6 will provide 1. An underwater productivity matrix or equation for a range of material types, operating depths and installed cutter power 2. Anticipated utilisation and availability figures 3. Energy cost ranges per tonne (again related to depth and material) 4. Wear cost ranges per tonne (again related to depth and material) 5. Capital cost information, machine life and operator/maintainer requirements extrapolated/scaled for a variety of machine sizes and pit sizes

Accessibility and industrial viability

D6.2: Accessibility and industrial viability – SMD [M24, 30, 37, 48] D6.2 will present the ¡VAMOS! response to the challenge of exploiting difficult to access minerals in a technically feasible and industrially viable way

Macro and microeconomic feasibility

D6.1: Macro and microeconomic feasibility – MUL [M24, 30, 37, 48] D6.1 will provide: 1. Models to calculate total mining costs 2. Macro/microeconomic/policy impact assessment models 3. Results of the ¡VAMOS! macro/microeconomic/policy impact assessment

Zero-state environmental and geo-hazard evaluation criteria

D1.3 will provide an integrated set of measurements specifications, methods and required parameters in order to address pre-mining state of the mining and geo-environment

Field trials evaluation report

D5.8: Field trials evaluation report – BMT [M36, 48] D5.8 will provide 1. A comprehensive report on the design, field test results, statistical evaluation, operational/environmental /financial extrapolations and recommendations for the range of application of the techniques 2. Presentation materials and other information for dissemination to interested parties and for use in WP5.

Future Research Roadmap

D6.6: Future Research Roadmap – CF [M24, 30, 37, 48] D6.6 will provide 1. recommendations for the further development of the VAMOS technology 2. a pathway for the development of a strong European supplier base of future technological solutions supporting the concepts evolving around VAMOS

Policy Recommendations report

D6.5: Policy Recommendations report – EDM [M24, 30, 37, 48] D6.5 will transfer the impact analysis and engagement approach into recommendations and a strategy for effective policy influencing

Policy and regulatory background

D1.1: Policy and regulatory background– MUL [M4, 9] D1.1 will provide 1. Policy framework requirements 2. Regulatory requirements (e.g. guidance on the streamlined application of the respective EU environmental legislation (e.g. the EIA Directive) 3. Set of policy recommendations on strategic/operative level

Stakeholder workshop reports

D1.5 Stakeholder workshop reports – EFG [M2, 10] D1.5 will provide will provide consolidation reports on the views of external to the project stakeholders regarding the project’s objectives and how they compare to their expectations.

Registry, calibration and synchronization

D4.5: Registry, calibration and synchronization –INESC [M12, 30] D4.5 will provide 1. A set of calibration procedures for accurate navigation multisensory calibration 2. Integrated data registration system with synchronised information for navigation and environmental sensing subsystems.

Fusion and SLAM solution

D4.6: Fusion and SLAM solution –INESC [M12, 30] D4.6 will provide 1. A position and navigation system software 2. A position and navigation system report

Multi-sensor navigation system

D4.4: Multi-sensor navigation system – INESC [M12,30] D4.4 will provide 1. An iUSBL acoustic system 2. A mining perception system

Real Time mining modelling

D4.1: Real Time mining modelling – ZfT [M12, 30] D4.1 will provide 1. Signed-distance function based 3D representation of the mining site 2. Camera image visualizations with the option to crossfade to the 3D representation 3. Semantic labelling within the representation

Environmental Impact Monitoring System

D4.2: Environmental Impact Monitoring System – FUGRO [M48] D4.2 will provide a framework for environmental monitoring of submerged mining, informed by lessons learned from the first/both complete mining trial monitoring life cycle(s), and will document the monitoring and analysis of environmental parameters measured.

Mining Supervision System

D4.3 Mining Supervision System – BMT [M12, 30] D4.3 will provide a Mining Operation Visualisation and Supervision system.

Real Time Grade Control system

D4.7: Real Time Grade Control system –INESC [M12, 30] D4.7 will provide a field slurry LIBS system

Dissemination, Web Portal and publication material

D1.6 Dissemination, Web Portal and publication material – DAM [M2, 12, 26, 36, 48] D1.6 will provide 1. Web portal and initial content (m2) 2. Maintaining the web portal with updated content 3. Project publication material (brochure and poster) (m2) 4. Information Observatory including inventory, structuring and publishing via the web portal of relevant information in a useful way, transferring information into knowledge (initial m12, revise final m36) 5. Dissemination plan with a strategy targeting the different relevant stakeholders in an effective way, generally describing the intended applied and scientific dissemination activities (m3) 6. Yearly update of the dissemination plan with a specification of the intended dissemination activities in the next year.

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Publications

Air and underwater survey of water enclosed spaces for VAMOS! Project

Author(s): J. Almeida, A. Ferreira, B. Matias, A. Dias, A. Martins, F. Silva, J. Oliveira, P. Sousa, M. Moreira, T. Miranda, C. Almeida, E. Silva
Published in: OCEANS 2016 MTS/IEEE Monterey, 2016, Page(s) 1-5
DOI: 10.1109/OCEANS.2016.7761282

Signed Distance Function Based Surface Reconstruction of a Submerged Inland Mine Using Continuous-time SLAM

Author(s): Michael Bleier, André Dias, António Ferreira, John Pidgeon, José Miguel Almeida, Eduardo Silva, Klaus Schilling, and Andreas Nüchter
Published in: 2017

¡VAMOS! (Viable Alternative Mine Operating System) – a Horizon 2020 project.

Author(s): Cameron Sword
Published in: 2017

Improving Google's Cartographer 3D Mapping by Continuous-Time SLAM

Author(s): Andreas Nüchter, Michael Bleier, Johannes Schauer, and Peter Janotta
Published in: 2017

Low-cost 3D Laser Scanning in Air or Water Using Self-calibrating Structured Light

Author(s): Michael Bleier and Andreas Nüchter
Published in: 2017

Analysis of robotic simulators for underwater mining scenarios

Author(s): André Dias, José Almeida, Alfredo Martins, Carlos Almeida, António Ferreira, Bruno Matias, Filipe Silva, Pedro Sousa, Miguel Moreira, Tiago Miranda, Joel Oliveira and Eduardo Silva
Published in: 2017

PROJEKT iVAMOS!

Author(s): Gorazd Žibret
Published in: 2016