The objective of ROCCO is to develop a robot assembly system for masonry construction. The robot will be used to assemble prefabricated blocks that are joinable without conventional mortar. The robotic system will be integrated into a complete computer-based construction system including programming and control facilities.
Two manipulators will be developed: one with a working height of 3.5 metres for house-building, and the other with a 10-metre working height for industrial construction. Supporting vehicles, sensors, grippers and control systems will be developed within the project. A particular problem which will be tackled is combining automatic and manual telemanipulation of the robot, including switching between the two.
Programming and simulation will include:
- enhancement to existing wall partitioning software to generate plans describing the position of blocks in the wall
- planning the layout of blocks on palettes
- assembly sequence planning
- robot planning based on CAD data.
The control will include sensor integration and on-line compensation as well as a high sophisticated user interface.
A pilot demonstration is foreseen at a lime-sand brick manufacturer and at a construction site for industrial buildings. Exploitation of the results will be achieved through several members of the consortium who supply equipment to the construction industry.