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Renewable residential heating with fast pyrolysis bio-oil

Deliverables

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M36

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M3

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M24

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M30

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M18

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M12

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Delivery of conditioned FPBO M42

Delivery of conditioned FPBO to other WP’s Report on preparation of improved quality bio-oil, description of upgrading process, shipping of the bio-oil to partners.

Socio-economic impact assessment

Socio-economic impact assessment - S/E Impacts of the use of FPBO in residential heating will be assessed on issues like economics, taxes, employment, etc., using the method developed in the FP7 project GlobalBioPact. A report will be provided Related to T6.4

Method development of formaldehyde, methanol, furfural by GC

Method development of formaldehyde, methanol, furfural by GC – Report on method (equipment, conditions, calibration, testing) for determination of highly volatile compounds in bio-oil Related to T3.3

Method development and validation of PAH13

Method development and validation of PAH13 – Method described in FPBO Reach dossier will be tested and sensitivities will evaluated. Recommendations for method improvement. Related to T3.3

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO M36

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO – Report on fuel oil analyses and chemical composition of produced bio-oils

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO M42

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO – Report on fuel oil analyses and chemical composition of produced bio-oils

Quality control during FPBO storage and utilization

Quality control during FPBO storage and utilization – Report on methods and analytical results on changes in fuel oil quality of bio-oil during its storage and utilization Related to T3.2

Risk and Mitigation plan - M12

Risk and Mitigation plan, yearly update Aims to identify possible risks that may hamper the market introduction of FPBO and actions to mitigate and manage the risks. Related to T7.4

Data Management plan - M24

Data Management plan - yearly update This is a document outlining how the research data collected or generated will be handled during and after completion of the research project. It describes what data will be collected / generated and following what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved. In confirmation with the EC’s requirement, a first version of the data management plan will be provided as an early deliverable within six months from the start of the project. The activity might be supported by online webtools like DMP Tools.

Combustion tests on surrogate and its components

Report on the combustion tests on the surrogate and its components; They will be carried out tests on the combustion of fuel droplets of FPBO and the surrogate defined by PTM in single droplet experiments. The fundamental combustion properties of FPBO and the surrogate will be analyzed and compared. A second surrogate will be tested if the matching with the combustion characteristics of the FPBO will be not satisfying. The experimentation will be completed by combustion tests on the single pure compounds forming the ultimate surrogate. The experimental apparatus consists in a combustion chamber, where single fuel droplets are suspended to a bare thermocouple junction to measure the droplet temperature, and a high speed imaging shadowgraphy to follow the phenomenology exhibited by the droplets as well as the variation of their size.

Valuation: use of extractives as heating fuel

Valuation: use of extractives as heating fuel – Evaluation of the use of extractives recovered from FPBO as a heating fuel on basis of its physical and chemical properties. Related to T2.3

Data Management plan - M6

Data Management plan This is a document outlining how the research data collected or generated will be handled during and after completion of the research project. It describes what data will be collected / generated and following what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved. In confirmation with the EC’s requirement, a first version of the data management plan will be provided as an early deliverable within six months from the start of the project. The activity might be supported by online webtools like DMP Tools.

Ash recycling options in focus regions

Ash recycling options in focus regions Based on the tests performed in T6.3 it will be determined what possibilities exist to recycle the ash in focus regions. In case of suitability for agricultural, horticultural or silvicultural use, greenhouse experiments will be designed to (i) assess the effect on soil (micro)biological properties, (ii) toxicity tests, and (iii) plant growth tests. It will further be evaluated how the ashes could best be combined with other by-products, e.g. for optimization of nutrient composition. Related to T6.3

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO M12

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO – Report on fuel oil analyses and chemical composition of produced bio-oils

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends M36

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends - A report on blending of various FPBOs with the objective of producing bio-oil with required properties.

Current legislation on FPBO as fuel for residential heating in 5 key countries

Current legislation on FPBO as fuel for residential heating in 5 key countries Related to T7.1

Legal and pre-normative issues

Legal and pre-normative issues The following topics will be included: - Ensuring that the FPBO heating systems meet the requirements of the Ecodesign Directive and in particular the EC regulation No 813/2013 regarding to ecodesign requirements for space heaters and combination heaters; - Building regulations and permits needed to introduce FPBO boilers at residential level. This report results in guidelines on relevant regulations related to the market introduction of FPBO in residential applications. In case of risks and bottlenecks in legislation, possible solutions will be formulated that can serve as a basis for discussion with the relevant authorities, or to start the development of relevant standards, where appropriate. Related to T6.6 and Co-operation with WP3 (Task 3.5) will be done.

Kinetic reaction model for FPBO surrogate

Report with the kinetic reaction model for the FPBO surrogate This deliverable contains the details on the developement of a kinetic mechanism, able to describe the pyrolysis and combustion of the individual components of the surrogate FPBO fuel, and the validation of the mechanism through the comparison with available experimental data. The kinetic mechanism is made of a series of text files, which contain all the reactions and their rate parameters, as well as transport and thermo data of all the species.

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends M42

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends - A report on blending of various FPBOs with the objective of producing bio-oil with required properties.

Production and standardization of FPBO

Production and standardization of FPBO – Report on production of bio-oil (process, yields), its fuel oil quality, and identified steps towards standardization of FPBO residential use, and suggest for TC19 to include this application to the on-going WG41 work. Related to T3.5

Data Management plan - M36

Data Management plan - yearly update This is a document outlining how the research data collected or generated will be handled during and after completion of the research project. It describes what data will be collected / generated and following what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved. In confirmation with the EC’s requirement, a first version of the data management plan will be provided as an early deliverable within six months from the start of the project. The activity might be supported by online webtools like DMP Tools.

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO M24

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO – Report on fuel oil analyses and chemical composition of produced bio-oils

Risk and Mitigation plan - M24

Risk and Mitigation plan, yearly update Aims to identify possible risks that may hamper the market introduction of FPBO and actions to mitigate and manage the risks. Related to T7.4

Project poster - M24

Project poster and update yearly

Environmental health and safety aspects

Environmental health and safety aspects – A draft Safety Data Sheet for the most applicable FPBO will be prepared. Instructions for handling, use, storage, and transportation of conditioned FPBOs will be prepared. Related to T3.4

Spray characterization

Report on spray characterization Optical/laser techniques for the characterization of FPBO sprays will be developed and applied in the 20 kWth lab scale test rig developed at OWI (Task 5.2). Different optical configurations will be analyzed, depending on the design of the test rig at OWI, the kind of atomizer and the related main spray characteristics (spray angle, penetration, etc.) and properties of fuel. Two complementary optical methodologies for the characterization of the spray at OWI will be designed, set up and tested on calibrated sprays at IM laboratory. Related to T4.4

Thermo-physical characterization of FPBO and preliminary surrogate definition

Report with the thermo-physical characterization of FPBO and preliminary surrogate definition; This deliverable contains the analysis of the physico-chemical characterization of the FPBO oil which is used to obtain the first definition of the surrogate mixture, made using a few reference components. The chemical structure and mass fraction of each individual component of the surrogate fuel will be specified in this deliverable.

Risk and Mitigation plan - M48

Risk and Mitigation plan, yearly update Aims to identify possible risks that may hamper the market introduction of FPBO and actions to mitigate and manage the risks. Related to T7.4

Storage and handling of FPBO

Storage and handling of FPBO – Development of system that allows the save and user friendly storage and handling of FPBPO at acceptable Related to T7.2

Compatibility of burner components with FPBO

Report on compatibility of burner components with conditioned FPBO All fuel leading parts of the burner have to be compatible with FPBO, especially regarding choice of materials due to chemical properties of FPBO (corrosion). This report sums up the outcome of extensive test conducted at OWI and gives feedback to VTT and BTG in order to improve FPBO quality Related to T5.1

Report on blending rules of FP of biomass blends

Report on blending rules of FP of biomass blends- Description of actual FPBO quality to be expected as a function of the blending ratio (binary blends).

Ash Composition

Ash Composition Tests will be performed to determine the expected ash composition. Basis will be the contents of nutrients and toxic compounds like heavy metals and xenobiotics, including their bioavailability. Related to T6.3

Environmental impact evaluation

Environmental impact evaluation - A screening LCA will be carried out for the heating production chain and a report will be provided Related to T6.2

Communication plan - M36

A communication plan is developed and updated yearly. In principle the communication activities will focus on different audiences among them Scientific, Broader public, Students, Technology specialist (Heating system installers, boiler manufacturers, etc.), Multipliers like associations and committees, Policy makers and End-users. Different communication channels are used to communicate with the above mentioned target audience to present the progress and outcomes of the project. The commucation plan will describe the implementation targets for forthcoming period and will look back on the achievements.

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends M24

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO blends - A report on blending of various FPBOs with the objective of producing bio-oil with required properties.

Project poster - M48

Project poster and update yearly

Project poster - M36

Project poster and update yearly

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO M3

Physico-chemical properties of FPBO – Report on fuel oil analyses and chemical composition of produced bio-oils

Handbook of FPBO use as fuel

Handbook of FPBO use as fuel – An in-depth open-access publication in VTT series on using various bio-oil grades as a fuel in boilers

EC Final report

Final report

Risk and Mitigation plan - M36

Risk and Mitigation plan, yearly update Aims to identify possible risks that may hamper the market introduction of FPBO and actions to mitigate and manage the risks. Related to T7.4

Sustainable chain evaluation

Sustainable chain evaluation – For a number of supply chains, a sustainability analysis will be carried out to identify sustainability and environmental risks and a report will be provided. Related to T6.1

Performance of catalytic esterification of FPBO

Performance of catalytic esterification of FPBO – Report on catalytic neutralization of acids in bio-oil for obtaining a neutral and stable bio-oil Related to T2.4

DHO in 5 key countries

DHO in 5 key countries For each country, prices for heating oil may vary. This may be because of local market circumstances, quality of the heating oil (extra light oil in for instance Germany, low sulfur) and taxes other than VAT. For at least 5 key countries (Germany, Austria, France, Great Britain and Italy) the historic prices as they have to be paid by the consumers will be determined. Also, a future outlook of the heating prices will be made including possible or planned tax measures by governments, covering not only DHO but also pellet and gas prices. Related to T7.1.2

Communication plan - M12

A communication plan is developed and updated yearly. In principle the communication activities will focus on different audiences among them Scientific, Broader public, Students, Technology specialist (Heating system installers, boiler manufacturers, etc.), Multipliers like associations and committees, Policy makers and End-users. Different communication channels are used to communicate with the above mentioned target audience to present the progress and outcomes of the project. The commucation plan will describe the implementation targets for forthcoming period and will look back on the achievements.

Project poster - M12

Project poster and update yearly

Data Management plan - M12

Data Management plan - yearly update This is a document outlining how the research data collected or generated will be handled during and after completion of the research project. It describes what data will be collected / generated and following what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved. In confirmation with the EC’s requirement, a first version of the data management plan will be provided as an early deliverable within six months from the start of the project. The activity might be supported by online webtools like DMP Tools.

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Publications

Phosphorus fertilising potential of fly ash and effects on soil microbiota and crop

Author(s): Deborah Schönegger, María Gómez-Brandón, Thomas Mazzier, Heribert Insam, Roy Hermanns, Evert Leijenhorst, Tommaso Bardelli, Marina Fernández-Delgado Juárez
Published in: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Issue 134, 2018, Page(s) 262-270, ISSN 0921-3449
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2018.03.018

Detailed kinetics of pyrolysis and combustion of catechol and guaiacol, as reference components of bio-Oil from biomass

Author(s): Cavallotti, Carlo; Cuoci, Alberto; Faravelli, Tiziano; Frassoldati, Alessio; Pelucchi, Matteo; Ranzi, Eliseo
Published in: Chemical Engineering Transactions, Issue 2, 2018, Page(s) 79-84, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/CET1865014

Numerical investigation of soot formation from microgravity droplet combustion using heterogeneous chemistry

Author(s): Alessandro Stagni, Alberto Cuoci, Alessio Frassoldati, Eliseo Ranzi, Tiziano Faravelli
Published in: Combustion and Flame, Issue 189, 2018, Page(s) 393-406, ISSN 0010-2180
DOI: 10.1016/j.combustflame.2017.10.029

Experimental and kinetic modeling study of pyrolysis and combustion of anisole

Author(s): Pelucchi, Matteo; Faravelli, Tiziano; Frassoldati, Alessio; Ranzi, Eliseo; Sribala, Gorugantu; Marin, Guy B.; Van Geem, Kevin M.
Published in: Chemical Engineering Transactions, Issue 2, 2018, Page(s) 127-132, ISSN 2283-9216
DOI: 10.3303/CET1865022

Relative Reactivity of Oxygenated Fuels: Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Methyl Esters


Published in: ISSN 0887-0624
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01171

DropletSMOKE++: A comprehensive multiphase CFD framework for the evaporation of multidimensional fuel droplets

Author(s): A.E. Saufi, A. Frassoldati, T. Faravelli, A. Cuoci
Published in: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Issue 131, 2019, Page(s) 836-853, ISSN 0017-9310
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.11.054

Detailed kinetics of substituted phenolic species in pyrolysis bio-oils


Published in: ISSN 2058-9883
DOI: 10.1039/c8re00198g

Analysis of acetic acid gas phase reactivity: Rate constant estimation and kinetic simulations

Author(s): Carlo Cavallotti, Matteo Pelucchi, Alessio Frassoldati
Published in: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Issue 37/1, 2019, Page(s) 539-546, ISSN 1540-7489
DOI: 10.1016/j.proci.2018.06.137

An experimental and CFD modeling study of suspended droplets evaporation in buoyancy driven convection

Author(s): A.E. Saufi, R. Calabria, F. Chiariello, A. Frassoldati, A. Cuoci, T. Faravelli, P. Massoli
Published in: Chemical Engineering Journal, Issue 375, 2019, Page(s) 122006, ISSN 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.122006

Detailed kinetic mechanism of gas-phase reactions of volatiles released from biomass pyrolysis

Author(s): Paulo Eduardo Amaral Debiagi, Giancarlo Gentile, Matteo Pelucchi, Alessio Frassoldati, Alberto Cuoci, Tiziano Faravelli, Eliseo Ranzi
Published in: Biomass and Bioenergy, Issue 93, 2016, Page(s) 60-71, ISSN 0961-9534
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.06.015

Reclamation of acid soils with biomass ashes from pyrolytic wood liquefaction




Residue2Heat: Residential Heating with fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil

Author(s): Marina Fernández-DelgadoJuárez; María Gómez-Brandón; Heribert Insam; Roy Hermanns
Published in: Biobased Future, Issue Number 6 – July 2016, 2016, Page(s) 28

Reclamation of acid soils with biomass ashes from pyrolytic wood liquefaction

Author(s): Heribert Insam, Marina Fernández-Delgado Juárez, Ginevra Fabiani, Thomas Mazzier, Maria Gomez-Brandón
Published in: 3rd Conference on Ecology of Soil Microorganisms 2018, 2018, Page(s) 126

The role of thermophoretic effect in the formation of soot from liquid fuels

Author(s): Stagni, A.; Cuoci, A..; Frassoldati, A.; Faravelli, T.; Ranzi, E.
Published in: Proceedings of GRICU Meeting 2016, Issue 3, 2016, Page(s) 1-4

The role of preferential vaporization in Fast Pyrolysis Bio Oil (FPBO) droplets evaporation

Author(s): Saufi, A. E.; Frassoldati, A.; Faravelli, T.; Cuoci, A.
Published in: Proceedings of the Italian section of the Combustion Institute, Issue 5, 2019

Towards a better understanding of the combustion of oxygenated aromatic hydrocarbons. Comparing benzene, toluene, phenol and anisole with ignition delay times in a rapid compression machine

Author(s): Büttgen, R. D.; PRATALI MAFFEI, Luna; Pelucchi, Matteo; Faravelli, Tiziano; Frassoldati, Alessio; Heufer, K. A.
Published in: European Combustion Meeting 2019, Issue 1, 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3584379

Evaporation of multicomponent fuel droplets in buoyancy driven convection

Author(s): Saufi, Abd Essamade; Colombo, Eleonora; Frassoldati, Alessio; Faravelli, Tiziano; Cuoci, Alberto
Published in: 1st nternational Conference on Smart Energy Carriers, Issue 5, 2019
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3587993

Theoretical and kinetic modelling study of the oxidation of oxygenated aromatic hydrocarbons: reaction classes and rate rules

Author(s): Caruso, S.; Cislaghi, G.; Pratali Maffei, L.; Pejpichestakul, W.; Pelucchi, M.; Cavallotti, C.; Frassoldati, A.; Faravelli, T.
Published in: Proceedings of the 42th Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute, Issue 1, 2019

The effect of adding ethanol on the ignition properties of fast pyrolysis bio oils

Author(s): Calabria, R.; Chiariello, F.; Massoli, P.; Frassoldati, A.; van de Beld, B.; Hermanns, T. E.; Oasmaa, A.; Toussaint, A.
Published in: 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019, Issue 1, 2019

The role of thermophoretic effect in the formation of soot from liquid fuels

Author(s): Alessandro Stagni, Alberto Cuoci, Alessio Frassoldati, Tiziano Faravelli, Eliseo Ranzi
Published in: GRICU MEETING 2016, Issue September 12 - 14, 2016, 2016, Page(s) 4

Kinetic mechanism of acetic acid combustion

Author(s): A. Frassoldati, A. Cuoci, T. Faravelli, E. Ranzi
Published in: XXXIX Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute, Issue July 4-6, 2016, 2016, Page(s) P10

Real-gas and real-mixture effects in the evaporation of multicomponent surrogate fuels

Author(s): Alessandro Stagni, Maria Brancato, Alessio Frassoldati, Alberto Cuoci, Tiziano Faravelli, Eliseo Ranzi
Published in: XXXIX Meeting of the Italian Section of the Combustion Institute, Issue July 4-6, 2016, 2016, Page(s) P21