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Renewable residential heating with fast pyrolysis bio-oil

Objective

The overall objective of Residue2Heat is to enable the utilization of sustainable, ash rich biomass and residues in residential heating applications (20-200 kWth) to provide sustainable heat at a competitive price. In this concept, various 2nd generation agricultural, and forestry residue streams are converted into a liquid energy carrier near the biomass origin at an economic viable scale of 15-30 MWth using the fast pyrolysis process. Subsequently, the fast pyrolysis bio-oil (FPBO) is distributed to a large number of residential end-users. The FPBO should fulfill at least the draft CEN-specification for replacement of domestic heating oil and comply with REACH regulation. Additional quality control aspects for this application include the removal of extractives and solids from the FPBO. Ash is recovered from the fast pyrolysis process as a separate stream, and recycling and/or re-use will be evaluated in detail. Existing high efficient, condensing boilers are used as starting point in the project, as well as a proven, low emission blue-flame type burner. Within Residue2Heat technical development work is performed on the modification of such systems to enable FPBO as fuel. The emission control and energy efficiency of the heating systems are optimized by dedicated modeling of FPBO atomization and combustion kinetics, supported by single droplet combustion tests and spray characterization. This route benefits from the flexible nature of the fast pyrolysis process, allowing the use of various lignocellulosic biomass streams, but also by using modified residential heating systems for which manufacturing capabilities, market development and product distribution are already in place. Dedicated tasks are included to assess the environmental and social impacts, risks analysis and public acceptance. Additionally, business and market assessment activities are performed including specific issues on health and safety relevant to FPBO-fuelled residential boilers.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fossil energy/natural gas
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/forestry
  • /agricultural sciences/agricultural biotechnology/biomass
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/classical mechanics/fluid mechanics/fluid dynamics
  • /social sciences/other social sciences/social sciences interdisciplinary/sustainable development
  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/paper and wood
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/waste treatment processes/recycling
  • /natural sciences/physical sciences/classical mechanics/fluid mechanics/computational fluid dynamics
  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce

Call for proposal

H2020-LCE-2015-1-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN
Address
Templergraben 55
52062 Aachen
Germany
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 192 250

Participants (8)

B.T.G. BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY GROUP BV
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 902 123
Address
Josink Esweg 34
7545 PN Enschede
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT OY
Finland
EU contribution
€ 768 902,50
Address
Tekniikantie 21
02150 Espoo
Activity type
Research Organisations
MEKU ENERGIE SYSTEME GMBH & CO. KG

Participation ended

Germany
EU contribution
€ 611 750
Address
Robert-bosch-str. 4
78083 Dauchingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Italy
EU contribution
€ 750 000
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro 7
00185 Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
POLITECNICO DI MILANO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 330 455
Address
Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32
20133 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
BTG BIOLIQUIDS B.V.
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 299 062,50
Address
Josink Esweg 34
7545PN Enschede
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
UNIVERSITAET INNSBRUCK
Austria
EU contribution
€ 364 250
Address
Innrain 52
6020 Innsbruck
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
OWI SCIENCE FOR FUELS GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 1 246 935
Address
Kaiserstrasse 100
52134 Herzogenrath
Activity type
Research Organisations