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Project description

Innovative fire barrier for combustible materials

The rise of sophisticated products has led to an increase in the use of combustible materials, particularly organic materials that are highly flammable. To ensure people’s safety in case of fire, it is necessary to develop flame-retardant materials that can confine fires. The EU funded FireBar-Concept project aims to create materials and assembly materials that exhibit low flammability, protect substrates, and limit the spread of fire. The project will design a fire barrier that reacts appropriately to thermal constraints, formed at the right time and location, and developed in different ways according to the material’s chemical nature or formulation. This innovative project involves a multidisciplinary approach, with experts in material science, chemical engineering, chemistry, thermal science, and physics collaborating to achieve the project’s objectives.


The development of science and technology provides the availability of sophisticated products but concurrently, increases the use of combustible materials, in particular organic materials. Those materials are easily flammable and must be flame retarded to make them safer. In case of fire, people must be protected by materials confining and stopping fire. It is one of the goals of the FireBar-Concept project to design materials and assembly of materials exhibiting low flammability, protecting substrates and limiting fire spread.
The objective of FireBar-Concept is to make a fire barrier formed at the right time, at the right location and reacting accordingly against thermal constraint (fire scenario). This fire barrier can be developed in several ways according to the chemical nature of the material and/or of its formulation:

- Heat barrier formed by inherently flame retarded materials (e.g. mineral fibers, ceramic …) and exhibiting low thermal conductivity (note the assembly of those materials can also provide low thermal conductivity controlling porosity and its distribution)
- Evolution of reactive radicals poisoning the flame and forming a protective ‘umbrella’ avoiding the combustion of the material
- Additives promoting charring of the materials and forming an expanding carbonaceous protective coating or barrier (intumescence)
- Additives forming a physical barrier limiting mass transfer of the degradation products to the flame

The FireBar-Concept project is multidisciplinary and it requires expertise in material science, chemical engineering, chemistry, thermal science and physics. The approach is to make 5 actions linked together by transverse developments (3) according to this scheme: (i) fundamentals of fire barrier, (ii) multi-material and combination of concepts, (iii) modeling and numerical simulation, (iv) design and development of experimental protocols and (v) optimization of the systems.


Net EU contribution
€ 2 222 937,50
42 rue paul duez
59000 Lille

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Hauts-de-France Nord-Pas de Calais Nord
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Other funding
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (2)