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Sexual Plant Reproduction – Seed formation

Objective

By 2050, it is estimated that the human population will reach 9 billion. To feed this growing population, it will be necessary to at least double agricultural yields, without increasing the amount of arable land.
Understanding the factors that regulate sexual reproduction will enable this critical aspect of agricultural production to be engineered for increased productivity, without increasing arable land. Our project will provide new insights into the network controlled by SEEDSTICK (STK), a MADS box transcription factor, which is the master regulator in the production of seeds. The objective of this proposal is to strengthen research partnerships through staff exchanges and networking activities, at international and intercontinental levels. By combining transcriptomic and genetic approaches, we aim to uncover new functions for STK targets and implicate them in putative signalling cascades, increasing our knowledge on the network that controls seed formation in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis is an excellent model to study seed formation, as it shares a conserved developmental program with major seed-producing crop plants, important to improve not only gross agricultural productivity, but also the composition of seeds and hence the production of components used for high added-value seed-derived products. The growing importance of seeds and seed-derived products to humanity and the central role of STK in seed development means that this project has great potential to contribute to Europe’s excellence and competitiveness in the world.
Detailed analysis of the network of regulatory genes controlling reproductive development in Arabidopsis represents the biological theme around which our training programme will be built. By taking advantage of the scientific competences developed by the partners, it will be possible to expand our knowledge of seed formation in the model species and then to transfer this knowledge horizontally into vital agricultural crop species.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/economics and business/economics/production economics/productivity
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture

Call for proposal

H2020-MSCA-RISE-2015
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

MSCA-RISE - Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE)

Coordinator

UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Address
Praca Gomes Teixeira
4099 002 Porto
Portugal
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 247 500

Participants (3)

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO
Italy
EU contribution
€ 198 000
Address
Via Festa Del Perdono 7
20122 Milano
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 117 000
Address
University Road
H91 Galway
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI PERUGIA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 157 500
Address
Piazza Dell Universita 1
06123 Perugia
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

Partners (6)

THE UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE
Australia
Address
North Terrace
5005 Adelaide
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
United States
Address
Sullivan Drive 270 Suite 240 Box 7514
27695 7514 Raleigh
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY
Australia
Address
Camperdown Campus Arundel St 71/79
2006 Sydney
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS
United States
Address
660 S Mill Avenue Centerpoint 312
85281 Tempe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY
United States
Address
Southgate Center 201
24061 Blacksburg Va
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
TOKAI NATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION ANDRESEARCH SYSTEM, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION
Japan
Address
Furocho, Chikusa-ku, Aichi
464 8601 Nagoya
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments