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Advanced strategies for substitution of critical raw materials in photovoltaics

Objective

STARCELL proposes the substitution of CRM’s in thin film PV by the development and demonstration of a cost effective solution based on kesterite CZTS (Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4) materials. Kesterites are only formed by elements abundant in the earth crust with low toxicity offering a secure supply chain and minimizing recycling costs and risks, and are compatible with massive sustainable deployment of electricity production at TeraWatt levels. Optimisation of the kesterite bulk properties together with redesign and optimization of the device interfaces and the cell architecture will be developed for the achievement of a challenging increase in the device efficiency up to 18% at cell level and targeting 16% efficiency at mini-module level, in line with the efficiency targets established at the SET Plan for 2020. These efficiencies will allow initiating the transfer of kesterite based processes to pre-industrial stages. These innovations will give to STARCELL the opportunity to demonstrate CRM free thin film PV devices with manufacturing costs ≤ 0.30 €/Wp, making first detailed studies on the stability and durability of the kesterite devices under accelerated test analysis conditions and developing suitable recycling processes for efficient re-use of material waste. The project will join for the first time the 3 leading research teams that have achieved the highest efficiencies for kesterite in Europe (EMPA, IMRA and IREC) together with the group of the world record holder David Mitzi (Duke University) and NREL (a reference research centre in renewable energies worldwide) in USA, and AIST (the most renewed Japanese research centre in Energy and Environment) in Japan. These groups have during the last years specialised in different aspects of the solar cell optimisation and build the forefront of kesterite research. The synergies of their joined efforts will allow raising the efficiency of kesterite solar cells and mini-modules to values never attained for this technology.

Field of science

  • /humanities/arts/modern and contemporary art/film
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/waste management/recycling
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/renewable energy
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/renewable energy/solar energy

Call for proposal

H2020-NMBP-2016-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

FUNDACIO INSTITUT DE RECERCA DE L'ENERGIA DE CATALUNYA
Address
C/ Jardins De Les Dones De Negre 1
08930 Sant Adria De Besos
Spain
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 720 000

Participants (12)

COMMISSARIAT A L ENERGIE ATOMIQUE ET AUX ENERGIES ALTERNATIVES
France
EU contribution
€ 660 715
Address
Rue Leblanc 25
75015 Paris 15
Activity type
Research Organisations
EIDGENOSSISCHE MATERIALPRUFUNGS- UND FORSCHUNGSANSTALT
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Ueberlandstrasse 129
8600 Dubendorf
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
UPPSALA UNIVERSITET
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 420 002,50
Address
Von Kraemers Alle 4
751 05 Uppsala
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 629 981,25
Address
South Kensington Campus Exhibition Road
SW7 2AZ London
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
HELMHOLTZ-ZENTRUM BERLIN FUR MATERIALIEN UND ENERGIE GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 380 000
Address
Hahn Meitner Platz 1
14109 Berlin
Activity type
Research Organisations
MARTIN-LUTHER-UNIVERSITAET HALLE-WITTENBERG
Germany
EU contribution
€ 379 700
Address
Universitaetsplatz 10
6108 Halle (Saale)
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
IMRA EUROPE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 580 512,50
Address
220 Rue A Caquot
06560 Valbonne
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
MIDSUMMER AB
Sweden
EU contribution
€ 459 898,75
Address
Elektronikhojden 6
175 43 Jarfalla
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
WEEE INTERNATIONAL RECYCLING SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 360 000
Address
C Albert Einstein 4 Pol San Miguel Sector Dos
50830 Villanueva De Gallego (Zaragoza)
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
ACT SISTEMAS SL
Spain
EU contribution
€ 241 375
Address
Calle Marie Curie 2
41092 Sevilla
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Japan
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Kasumigaseki 1 3 1
100 8921 Tokyo
Activity type
Research Organisations
DUKE UNIVERSITY
United States
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Allen Building 207
27708 Durham Nc
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments