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Critical Raw materials Elimination by a top-down Approach To hydrogen and Electricity generation

Objective

CREATE aims at developing innovative membrane electrode assemblies for low-temperature polymer-electrolyte fuel cell (FC) and electrolyzer (EL) with much reduced cost. This will be achieved via elimination or drastic reduction of critical raw materials in their catalysts, in particular platinum group metals (PGM).

Key issues with present low-temperature FC & EL are the high contents of PGM in devices based on proton-exchange-membrane (PEM) and the need for liquid electrolytes in alkaline FC and EL. To overcome this, we will shift from PEM-based cells to 1) pure anion-conducting polymer-electrolytes and 2) to bipolar-membrane polymer electrolytes. The latter comprises anion and proton conducting ionomers and a junction. Bipolar membranes allow adapting the pH at each electrode, thereby opening the door to improved performance or PGM-free catalysts. Both strategies carry the potentiality to eliminate or drastically reduce the need for PGM while maintaining the advantages of PEM-based devices.

In strategy 1, novel anion-exchange ionomers and membranes will be developed and interfaced with catalysts based on Earth-abundant metal oxides or metal-carbon composites for the oxygen reactions, and with ultralow PGM or PGM-free catalysts for the hydrogen reactions.

In strategy 2, novel bipolar membrane designs, or designs unexplored for FC & EL, will be developed and interfaced with catalysts for the oxygen reactions (high pH side of the bipolar membrane) and with catalysts for the hydrogen reactions (low pH side). The ionomers and oxygen reaction catalysts developed in strategy 1 will be equally useful for strategy 2, while identified PGM-free and ultralow-PGM catalysts will be implemented for the hydrogen reactions on the acidic side.

Polymer-electrolyte FC & EL based on those concepts will be evaluated for targeted applications, i.e. photovoltaic electricity storage, off-grid back-up power and H2 production. The targeted market is distributed small-scale systems.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/materials engineering/composites
  • /social sciences/economics and business/business and management/commerce
  • /engineering and technology/electrical engineering, electronic engineering, information engineering/electrical engineering/power engineering/electric power generation
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/inorganic compounds
  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell
  • /natural sciences/chemical sciences/inorganic chemistry/metals

Call for proposal

H2020-NMBP-2016-two-stage
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 598 123,52

Participants (10)

FUNDACIO PRIVADA INSTITUT CATALA D'INVESTIGACIO QUIMICA
Spain
EU contribution
€ 350 625
Address
Avenida Paissos Catalans 16
43007 Tarragona
Activity type
Research Organisations
AALTO KORKEAKOULUSAATIO SR
Finland
EU contribution
€ 474 588,75
Address
Otakaari 1
02150 Espoo
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
FUMATECH BWT GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 512 375
Address
Carl Benz Strasse 4
74321 Bietigheim Bissingen
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
TECHNION - ISRAEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Israel
EU contribution
€ 699 423,75
Address
Senate Building Technion City
32000 Haifa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ITM POWER (TRADING) LIMITED
United Kingdom
EU contribution
€ 374 200
Address
Atlas Way 22
S4 7QQ Sheffield
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
EIFER EUROPAISCHES INSTITUT FUR ENERGIEFORSCHUNG EDF KIT EWIV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 365 781,25
Address
Emmy Noether Strasse 11
76131 Karlsruhe
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI ROMA TOR VERGATA
Italy
EU contribution
€ 403 750
Address
Via Cracovia 50
00133 Roma
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JULICH GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 451 551,25
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52428 Julich
Activity type
Research Organisations
PRETEXO
France
EU contribution
€ 88 059,50
Address
58 Avenue D'occitanie Bat J2 Apt 193
34090 Montpellier
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY
United States
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Huntington Avenue 360 960 Rp
02115 Boston Ma
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments