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Training on Remote Sensing for Ecosystem modElling

Deliverables

Report on the relationships between PT and EFPs. Evaluation of the uncertainty and identification of key EFPs for ecosystem model parameterization

Review of exsisting studies reporting the relationship between plant traits and ecosystem functional properties, with a specific focus on the photosynthetic process. The deliverable will be in the form of a review document.

Review of PTs, EBVs and EFPs retrievable from RS

Literature analysis to identify the more promising and useful PTs, EBVs and EFPs retrievable by RS technique.

Supervisory Board of the network

The list of the members of the supervisory board of the network is defined

Report on the training programme

The report will include: 1) the description of the training activities conducted, 2) a report on field experiment conducted as part of the summer school, and 3) the results of the evaluation questionnaire surveys.

Review of up-scaling techniques to produce maps of PTs, EBVs and EFPs from remote sensing data

Review of up-scaling techniques to produce maps of PTs, EBVs and EFPs from remote sensing data.

Standardized protocol for field data acquisition

A technical report will review vegetation structural and biophysical parameters that can be retrieved from RS at different spatial scales. Methods proposed in the literature/international programs will be analyzed and standardized protocols will be proposed including temporal and spatial sampling design, data collection, instrumentation, etc.

Report of the current and foreseen satellite data available for the proposed methodology

A report will review the satellite data best suited to estimate PTs EBVs, and inferring EFPs within the range of currently available instruments with a view on those data that will be made available in the near future. Advantages and potential limitations of the currently available data will be highlighted to provide advices to space agencies (e.g. ESA) on data gaps that should be filled. Synergies between sensors will be analyzed.

Standardized protocol for UAV data acquisition

A standardized protocol will describe how to perform UAV data acquisition in order to get the best quality data and to ease the image processing.

Publication of research results

At least three papers on high impact journal and open source refereed journal are foreseen for each ESR. Publication of the research results to large audience science journals (e.g. Wired magazine) are also expected.

Review on the potential biophysical and biogeochemical predictors of PTs, or EBV, and EFPs

A review of the effects of biophysical and biogeochemical predictors (e.g. nutrient availability, topography, ecosystem structure or soil properties) on PTs and EFPs, investigated through different field experiment, will be described and documented in a review report or scientific publication.

Evaluation of the uncertainty of EBV and EFP maps

The uncertainty study will include: (1) uncertainty of satellite sensor data, (2) natural variability within EBVs and EFPs and (3)  uncertainty in the retrieval algorithms. The deliverable will be an algorithm under GNU licence (open for general public, using the medium GitHub, or similar ones).

Reports on ESR research training activities

Each ESR with her/his personal supervisor(s) in the host organisation/s will report on the research and training activities and results achieved, including the publication of results in scientific and divulgative journals, the edition of books and booklets, standardized measurement protocols, software development and in the case of private companies, the development of commercial products, in order to update the dissemination plan accordingly.

Handbook for training highly-skilled young researchers in RS and ecosystem functioning

An handbook for training highly-skilled young researchers in remote sensing technologies, ecosystem modelling, big data anlaysis and fusion will be written through the training material collected during the training programme.

Report on progress of the training programme

The report will include: 1) the description of the training activities conducted, 2) a report on field experiment conducted as part of the summer school, and 3) the results of the evaluation questionnaire surveys.

Final report

Final report including financial and managment

Report on ESR research training activities

Each ESR with her/his personal supervisor(s) in the host organisation/s will report on the research and training activities and results achieved, including the publication of results in scientific and divulgative journals, the edition of books and booklets, standardized measurement protocols, software development and in the case of private companies, the development of commercial products, in order to update the dissemination plan accordingly.

Presentation and demonstration to open science events

TRuStEE will be involved in scientific initiatives organized to bring science to a large audience. The beneficiaries will take part to science open science initiative presenting appealing new technologies such as drones, laser scanning, thermal images are appealing for people at all age. The coordinator (UNIMIB) has been part of the organization of the European Night of Researchers in Milano since 2013, and since then has also participated to the Wired Next Fest organized by WIRED in Milano. The other participants have been involved in different science social events through their institutions, e.g. the European Night of Researchers (CSIC, MPG), ‘science in the square’ (UNEXE). Furthermore, Media (local TV and/or radio, newspaper) will be involved during the summer school, particularly during the field campaign, in order to show data acquisition with innovative instrumentation. Finally, ESR will be asked to prepare a final presentation in the form of a TED conference, that will be uploaded in the dissemination section on the TRuStEE website.

Presentations at National Meetings by the network members

Presentation at technical workshop and international conference are foreseen during the all lifetime of the project by the ESR and by the beneficiary members.

Project newsletter sent every two months

A Project newsletter will be sent every two months, updating on dissemination and outreach activities planned

Advertising for ESR recruitment

The supervisory board will coordinate the strategy for the recruitment. The advertisements of the available positions will be sent to most important academic, research centres institution as well as published on ITN webpage, MSCA website and web page of the host institutions, the EURAXESS Job Portal, the European Network of Mobility Centres and advertisements at scientific meetings.

PhD title award

All the ESRs recruited will award a PhD title within the project lifetime.

Development of statistical methods for the upscaling of PFT, EBV and EFP from remote sensing data and/or flux measurements

Development of methodologies for the upscaling of EFP, EBV, and PT based on the activity of the D3.6 and D4.2. Analysis of the spatial variability of the results and uncertainty.

Procedure for the in-flight definition of the flight plan for multi-rotor UAV

The UAV sistem is ready (platform, payload and acquisistion protocol): the light-weighted hyperspectral instrument is mounted on the platform, the procedure for the in-flight definition of the flight plan is operational and the standardized protocol for data acquisition is defined. The first data are collected on field.

The first dataset of point F, LIFT and F maps on plots with different water and nutrient supplies

Different measurement modes (ground based spectrometer, UAV point spectrometer, LIFT data and HyPlant images) are spatially registered and the relation between the different fluorescence measurement modes are analyzed analytically.

Open source software for decoupling low and fast dynamics of data time series

Development of time series analysis methodology in an open source environment to decompose time series of hyperspectral data or vegetation indices at daily, seasonal and, if possible interannual time scale.

Open source softwares for the extraction of EFPs from FLUXNET data

Open source software to derive physiological parameters and ecosystem functional properties such as light use efficiency, water use efficiency from eddy covariance flux data. The development will be focused on the FLUXNET sites with open policy.

Software tool for processing UAV and airborne images

Data from the UAV spectrometer will be used to adapt the spectral fitting method to retievel sun-induced fluorescence from the UAV borne hyperspectral data (D1.7). These data will be related to established ground based data and the accuracy of this new measurement mode will be quantified.

Model for the retrieval of PTs, EFPs and EBVs from satellite data assimilation techniques

Open source software combining algorithms for the retrieval of vegetation characteristics (PTs), EFPs and EBVs from satellite sensors, including Sentinel 2 and Landsat 8. They will be published under GNU licence.

Open source softwares for the retrieval of PTs and EFPs from multi-satellite and hyperspectral data

Development of a open source code for the prediction of plant traits and ecosystem functional properties related to the photosynthetic processes from multisource near-surface remote sensing data.

Project website

TRuSTee website will be designed and made. A downloaded area for the partner will be designed including an intranet area for sharing data among the partnership and an open area for public deliverables and for data exploitation. The website will be linked to the webGIS.

WebGIS design and implementation

Field data and remotely sensed data collected during the field experiments planned in the summer schools will be stored and managed in a prototype WebGIS. The production of the WebGIS will allow to collect and share data among the network. The webGIS is also intended to show how remotely sensed data products (PT, EFP and EBV maps) may be easily exploited by end users through of simple technologies.

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Publications

Multi-Scale Evaluation of Drone-Based Multispectral Surface Reflectance and Vegetation Indices in Operational Conditions

Author(s): Dominic Fawcett, Cinzia Panigada, Giulia Tagliabue, Mirco Boschetti, Marco Celesti, Anton Evdokimov, Khelvi Biriukova, Roberto Colombo, Franco Miglietta, Uwe Rascher, Karen Anderson
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 12/3, 2020, Page(s) 514, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs12030514

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) derived structure-from-motion photogrammetry point clouds for oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ) canopy segmentation and height estimation

Author(s): Dominic Fawcett, Benjamin Azlan, Timothy C. Hill, Lip Khoon Kho, Jon Bennie, Karen Anderson
Published in: International Journal of Remote Sensing, Issue 40/19, 2019, Page(s) 7538-7560, ISSN 0143-1161
DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2019.1591651

Spectral Diversity Successfully Estimates the α-Diversity of Biocrust-Forming Lichens

Author(s): Javier Blanco-Sacristán, Cinzia Panigada, Giulia Tagliabue, Rodolfo Gentili, Roberto Colombo, Mónica Ladrón de Guevara, Fernando T. Maestre, Micol Rossini
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 11/24, 2019, Page(s) 2942, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs11242942

Vegetation expansion in the subnival Hindu Kush Himalaya

Author(s): Karen Anderson, Dominic Fawcett, Anthony Cugulliere, Sophie Benford, Darren Jones, Ruolin Leng
Published in: Global Change Biology, Issue 26/3, 2020, Page(s) 1608-1625, ISSN 1354-1013
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14919

Nitrogen and Phosphorus effect on Sun-Induced Fluorescence and Gross Primary Productivity in Mediterranean Grassland

Author(s): Martini, Pacheco-Labrador, Perez-Priego, van der Tol, Madany, Julitta, Rossini, Reichstein, Christiansen, Rascher, Moreno, Martín, Yang, Carrara, Guan, González-Cascón, Migliavacca
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 11/21, 2019, Page(s) 2562, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs11212562

The High-Performance Airborne Imaging Spectrometer HyPlant—From Raw Images to Top-of-Canopy Reflectance and Fluorescence Products: Introduction of an Automatized Processing Chain

Author(s): Bastian Siegmann, Luis Alonso, Marco Celesti, Sergio Cogliati, Roberto Colombo, Alexander Damm, Sarah Douglas, Luis Guanter, Jan Hanuš, Kari Kataja, Thorsten Kraska, Maria Matveeva, Jóse Moreno, Onno Muller, Miroslav Pikl, Francisco Pinto, Juan Quirós Vargas, Patrick Rademske, Fernando Rodriguez-Morene, Neus Sabater, Anke Schickling, Dirk Schüttemeyer, František Zemek, Uwe Rascher
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 11/23, 2019, Page(s) 2760, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs11232760

Effects of varying solar-view geometry and canopy structure on solar- induced chlorophyll fluorescence and PRI

Author(s): Khelvi Biriukova, MarcoCelesti, AntonEvdokimov, JavierPacheco-Labrador, Tommaso Julitta, Mirco Migliavacca, Claudia Giardino, Franco Miglietta, Roberto Colombo, Cinzia Panigada, Micol Rossini
Published in: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2020, ISSN 1569-8432

Bigleaf—An R package for the calculation of physical and physiological ecosystem properties from eddy covariance data

Author(s): Jürgen Knauer, Tarek S. El-Madany, Sönke Zaehle, Mirco Migliavacca
Published in: PLOS ONE, Issue 13/8, 2018, Page(s) e0201114, ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201114

Basic and extensible post-processing of eddy covariance flux data with REddyProc

Author(s): Thomas Wutzler, Antje Lucas-Moffat, Mirco Migliavacca, Jürgen Knauer, Kerstin Sickel, Ladislav Šigut, Olaf Menzer, Markus Reichstein
Published in: Biogeosciences, Issue 15/16, 2018, Page(s) 5015-5030, ISSN 1726-4189
DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-5015-2018

Inferring plant functional diversity from space: the potential of Sentinel-2

Author(s): Xuanlong Ma, Miguel D. Mahecha, Mirco Migliavacca, Fons van der Plas, Raquel Benavides, Sophia Ratcliffe, Jens Kattge, Ronny Richter, Talie Musavi, Lander Baeten, Ionut Barnoaiea, Friedrich J. Bohn, Olivier Bouriaud, Filippo Bussotti, Andrea Coppi, Timo Domisch, Andreas Huth, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Julia Joswig, Daniel E. Pabon-Moreno, Dario Papale, Federico Selvi, Gaia Vaglio Laurin, Fernando Vallad
Published in: Remote Sensing of Environment, Issue 233, 2019, Page(s) 111368, ISSN 0034-4257
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2019.111368

Global Sensitivity Analysis of the SCOPE Model in Sentinel-3 Bands: Thermal Domain Focus

Author(s): Egor Prikaziuk, Christiaan van der Tol
Published in: Remote sensing, 2019, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs11202424

A Multi-Temporal Object-Based Image Analysis to Detect Long-Lived Shrub Cover Changes in Drylands

Author(s): Emilio Guirado, Javier Blanco-Sacristán, Juan Rigol-Sánchez, Domingo Alcaraz-Segura, Javier Cabello
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 11/22, 2019, Page(s) 2649, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs11222649

Sustainability Performance through Technology Adoption: A Case Study of Land Leveling in a Paddy Field

Author(s): Juan Quirós-Vargas, Thiago Libório Romanelli, Uwe Rascher, José Agüero
Published in: Agronomy, Issue 10/11, 2020, Page(s) 1681, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10111681

Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)-Based Methods for Solar Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence (SIF) Retrieval with Non-Imaging Spectrometers: State of the Art

Author(s): Juan Quirós Vargas, Juliane Bendig, Alasdair Mac Arthur, Andreas Burkart, Tommaso Julitta, Kadmiel Maseyk, Rick Thomas, Bastian Siegmann, Micol Rossini, Marco Celesti, Dirk Schüttemeyer, Thorsten Kraska, Onno Muller, Uwe Rascher
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 12/10, 2020, Page(s) 1624, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs12101624

Multiple-constraint inversion of SCOPE. Evaluating the potential of GPP and SIF for the retrieval of plant functional traits

Author(s): Javier Pacheco-Labrador, Oscar Perez-Priego, Tarek S. El-Madany, Tommaso Julitta, Micol Rossini, Jinhong Guan, Gerardo Moreno, Nuno Carvalhais, M. Pilar Martín, Rosario Gonzalez-Cascon, Olaf Kolle, Markus Reischtein, Christiaan van der Tol, Arnaud Carrara, David Martini, Tiana W. Hammer, Heiko Moossen, Mirco Migliavacca
Published in: Remote Sensing of Environment, Issue 234, 2019, Page(s) 111362, ISSN 0034-4257
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2019.111362

VIS-NIR, Red-Edge and NIR-Shoulder Based Normalized Vegetation Indices Response to Co-Varying Leaf and Canopy Structural Traits in Heterogeneous Grasslands

Author(s): Hafiz Ali Imran, Damiano Gianelle, Duccio Rocchini, Michele Dalponte, M. Pilar Martín, Karolina Sakowska, Georg Wohlfahrt, Loris Vescovo
Published in: Remote Sensing, Issue 12/14, 2020, Page(s) 2254, ISSN 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs12142254

Ecosystem physio-phenology revealed using circular statistics

Author(s): Daniel E. Pabon-Moreno, Talie Musavi, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Christine Römermann, Miguel D. Mahecha
Published in: Biogeosciences, Issue 17/15, 2020, Page(s) 3991-4006, ISSN 1726-4189
DOI: 10.5194/bg-17-3991-2020

Characterisation of reflectance and chlorophyll fluorescence anisotropy – defining requirements for an experimental setup

Author(s): Biriukova Khelvi, Julitta Tommaso, Celesti Marco, Panigada Cinzia, Evdokimov Anton, Migliavacca Mirco, Rossini Micol
Published in: EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 2018

Photosynthesis-Sun Induced Fluorescence Relationship in a Mediterranean Grassland

Author(s): David Martini, Javier Pacheco-Labrador, Oscar Perez-Priego, Christiaan van der Tol, Tarek El Madany, Tommaso Julitta, Micol Rossini, Anatoly Gitelson, Markus Reichstein, Mirco Migliavacca
Published in: IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2018, Page(s) 5979-5982
DOI: 10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8517362