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BREEDing Coffee for AgroForestry Systems

Objective

Many tropical tree crops are threatened by climate change (CC), including coffee which is highly sensitive to high temperatures, droughts and diseases. 60% of coffee today is cultivated in Agroforestry Systems (AFS), which reduce dependence on external inputs and mitigate the adverse effects of CC. So far, however, breeding has developed cultivars only for open-sun cultivation. Using new Arabica coffee F1 hybrids as a case study, we will design and test coffee varieties, better adapted to AFS and CC and maintaining a robust defense system to biotic and abiotic stresses. By doing so, we will show how breeding programs can benefit both smallholder farmers by improving their incomes, increase the options for sustainability, and benefit the European industry through sustained supplies and a wider range of specialty coffees. The project will take advantage of hybrids, established in 8 countries (Portugal, France, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, French Guyana, Cameroon, El Salvador, Vietnam) under controlled conditions (temperature, light, CO2), field trials and networks of on-farm plots. GxE will be assessed through a multidisciplinary approach where genotypes will be grown in a wide range of environments and low-input management inherent to AFS. Farmers will participate in developing the farm assessment methodology and their experiences with new hybrids (profitability, social acceptance) will inform the breeding strategy. Roasters will be involved in the breeding process through evaluation of beverage quality. By combining extensive phenotyping with metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis, we will develop analytical and predictive tools for Coffee Metabolic Networks, leading to marker aided rapid selection and a new approach for breeding of perennial crops. Impacts will be ensured by innovation platforms, technology transfer for clonal propagation, promotion of direct trading between roasters and farmers, and promotion of new hybrids adapted to AFS.

Field of science

  • /social sciences/other social sciences/social sciences interdisciplinary/sustainable development
  • /agricultural sciences/agriculture, forestry, and fisheries/agriculture/plant breeding/crops

Call for proposal

H2020-SFS-2016-2
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

CENTRE DE COOPERATION INTERNATIONALE EN RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE POUR LEDEVELOPPEMENT - C.I.R.A.D. EPIC
Address
Rue Scheffer 42
75016 Paris
France
Activity type
Research Organisations
EU contribution
€ 1 167 014

Participants (17)

EUROFINS ANALYTICS FRANCE SAS
France
EU contribution
€ 150 650
Address
Rue Pierre Adolphe Bobierre
44300 Nantes
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE AGRONOMIA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 248 125
Address
Tapada Da Ajuda
1349 017 Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
NOVA ID FCT - ASSOCIACAO PARA A INOVACAO E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA FCT

Participation ended

Portugal
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
Campus De Caparica Faculdade De Ciencias E Tecnologia Da Universidade Nova De Lisboa
2829 516 Caparica
Activity type
Research Organisations
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND GALWAY
Ireland
EU contribution
€ 346 999
Address
University Road
H91 Galway
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
KOBENHAVNS UNIVERSITET
Denmark
EU contribution
€ 523 000
Address
Norregade 10
1165 Kobenhavn
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
ILLYCAFFE S.P.A
Italy
EU contribution
€ 402 000
Address
Via Flavia 110
34147 Trieste
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
FUNDACION NICAFRANCE
Nicaragua
EU contribution
€ 330 000
Address
Gasolinera De Xilda 150 Mts Hacia La Laguna Porton Verde A Mano Dereche Cidudad Sandino
Managua
Activity type
Research Organisations
STICHTING SNV NEDERLANDSE ONTWIKKELINGSORGANISATIE
Netherlands
EU contribution
€ 127 087
Address
Parkstraat 83
2514JG Den Haag
Activity type
Other
INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
France
EU contribution
€ 270 437
Address
Boulevard De Dunkerque 44 Cs 90009
13572 Marseille
Activity type
Research Organisations
UNIVERSITE DE MONTPELLIER
France
EU contribution
€ 20 000
Address
163 Rue Auguste Broussonnet
34090 Montpellier
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER WISSENSCHAFTEN EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 135 313
Address
Hofgartenstrasse 8
80539 Muenchen
Activity type
Research Organisations
RHEINISCH-WESTFAELISCHE TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE AACHEN
Germany
EU contribution
€ 132 500
Address
Templergraben 55
52062 Aachen
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
WORLD COFFEE RESEARCH
United States
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
578 John Kimbrough Blvd Suite 230 Tamu 2477
77843 0001 College Station Tx
Activity type
Research Organisations
ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS
United States
EU contribution
€ 0
Address
660 S Mill Avenue Centerpoint 312
85281 Tempe
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE AGRICOLE POUR LE DEVELOPPEMENT
Cameroon
EU contribution
€ 110 000
Address
Po Box
N/A Yaounde
Activity type
Research Organisations
VIETNAM ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Vietnam
EU contribution
€ 160 000
Address
Thanh Tri- Hanoi
134000 Hanoi
Activity type
Public bodies (excluding Research Organisations and Secondary or Higher Education Establishments)
UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 76 875
Address
Campus De Campolide
1099 085 Lisboa
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments