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Transition paths to sustainable legume based systems in Europe

Deliverables

Project website

A public project website will be created to share TRUE’s project updates. It will embed a range of social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn) to maximise the reach and dissemination of information. The website will showcase innovative practice and business models in production, processing and marketing of legumes, and promote networking and to deliver project outputs such as the Decision support tools to be developed by WP8, and practice-oriented briefing notes. Social media impact data will be collated to develop new strategies to increase impact. The website will be transferred to a founding member of Pulse Europe on project completion.

Annual activity plan - Year I

The Year 1 Annual Activity Plan. As this description indicates this plan will be delivered in the first month of each project year, and will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Report: practices for commercialisation

A guidance document on ‘Best practices for commercialisation of legumes’. This report will be targeted for delivery to business stakeholders (and policy makers), as a synthesis from the more broad and detailed D4.5 report (on 'Sustainability indicators for legume supported food and feed systems').

Environment and nutri-economic assessments of European diets – Report I

A stage-1 report on, “The environment and nutri-economic assessments of legume-enriched European diets”. The report will present the initial assessments that aim to identify the key-features underpinning the functional relationship between legume inclusion, nutritional provision and environmental impact.

Scenarios for upscaling production, including economic and trade indicators – Report I

A dataset and report describing key results where the cropping system status quos ares assessed in a comparative analysis against outcomes of legume-innovation uptake (e.g. precision agricultural, inorganic nitrogen use avoidance, dietary change to reduce meat intake, changed EU policies such as CAP). The report will detail the impacts of legume production under the different scenarios on overall production and land use.

Data for Life Cycle Analysis proof of concept

Nutritional profile data for grain legumes will be data gathered and provided for the Life Cycle Analysis proof of concept (WP5). Profiling will include that of including macro- and micro-nutrients and prebiotic properties (of selected legumes). This data will also help identify the relative suitability, and trade-offs, of different legume species for food- and feed-applications.

Delphi for favourable governance contexts

This report, ‘Developing new governance solutions for legume-dependent systems’, will describe road-maps which may meet the expectations of a wide range of different actors’ groups across the supply chain. The findings will be shared in a range of languages of the European Union. The report will be guided by the results of web-based Delphi surveys of legume chain actors to a range of potential policy solutions. Iteration in this process will allow resolution of favourable policies and transition pathways.

Impact plan from Stakeholder Advisory Board

Impact Plan. This report will be heavily directed by feedback from TRUEs Stakeholder Advisory Board (SAB, the commercial partners), and also other multi-actors engaged via the ISAB (Intercontinental Science Advisory Board), and including operatives of the Regional Clusters, existing relevant H2020 research projects, and successful RUR (rural renaissance) project(s). This direction will help ensure research complementarity, synergy and science excellence. The ultimate aim of this report is to define the best routes to impact.

Practice Abstracts I

As a requirement of multi-actor approach, this first milestone for these products aims to deliver the first batch of formalised 'Practice Abstracts'. These will be delivered in the EIP common format (as an ExCel file), and shall turn innovative knowledge resulting from the project activities into accessible easy-to-use material for end-users. The practical knowledge will be described in simple terms, easily understood by lay-persons and/or specific stakeholders. It total, we estimate conservatively that there will be a minimum total of 36 Practice Abstracts over the course of the project - with 18 abstracts to be delivered at this mid-term, month 24, stage.

LCA methodology report

A practical manual on LCA methodology for legume supported food- and feed-chains. This will outline the procedure and data sources for the combined environmental- and nutrient-quality assessments of European diets. With WP6 this approach will describe the methodology of the nutri-economic assessment of diet/food choice.

Annual activity plan - Year II

The Year 2 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Behavioural analysis of farmers uptake and consumers choice

This report will detail the key decision making factors for farmers and consumers in a comparative appraisal across a range of European countries/cropping system scenarios. The report will therefore inform how we may operate more effectively to affect behavioural change positively towards legume inclusion.

Annual activity plan - Year III

The Year 3 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Map of legume food supply chains and trade

A report on the EU food market pull for legumes, including a map of the infrastructure for processing, trade and consumer preferences. This will include quality chain prices from products from farm to retail markets.

Annual activity plan - Year IV

The Year 4 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Scientific, practice and policy publications – Year III

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Co-production of the policy assessment

A report on a, ‘critical analysis of existing policies and governance solutions for legume supported systems’. This shall be generated by a combination of systematic review and key stakeholders interviews. The latter taking place in the context of shared visits to favourable Case Studies in various agroecological systems across EU regions. The output will facilitate the generation of an analytical framework to determine how actual policies and governance solutions are enabling or limiting legume production.

Scientific, practice and policy publications - Year II

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Report: market demand of EU feed industry for grain legumes

A report on market demand of EU feed industry for grain legumes in feed for livestock and aquaculture. This task will focus on conventional and organic soy and lupins, and will be rooted in practical and desk-based case studies. Delivery of the report will be linked to two key-stakeholder surveys, including those engaged in Regional Cluster workshops. The findings will be assessed with respect to trade agreements, tariffs and quality standards of the feed market.

Scientific, practice and policy publications - Year I

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Report on co-design of policy analysis

This report, ‘Creating a an effective science-policy interface to support legume supported cropping systems and food and feed supply chains’, will be co-developed via TRUE partners especially those involved in developing the Innovation Case Studies, Regional Clusters and also the ISAB and other associated partners. The report will advance reflective learning techniques for policy assessment. The main output will be a summary of specific research and information needs, an outline of stakeholders’ interests in knowledge exchange, and identification of desired communication tools to advance the project – especially with a view to effective policy impact.

Outline business plans/cases

Report compiling business cases. This is to be elaborated by IFAU, IGV, KEFRI and JHI: and with respect to understanding the business case for diets and environmental impacts as informed by the LCA in WP5.

Report: SDIs for quality chains

A report on the most applicable, ‘Sustainability indicators for legume supported food and feed systems’. This shall be drafted with input from earlier activities in WP4 will be iterated with data from the other WPs to help develop ‘transition to sustainability’ models (WP8).

Policy Brief: Green Public Procurement

A policy brief on “Green public procurement” shall be developed from two sub-deliverables informed by an investigation of food service markets and exploration for the role of public institutions and chain actors in the private sector in transitions to legume supported food systems. This approach shall also assess customer responses to legumes as a main-stream protein source. The two supporting sub-deliverables to the policy brief will be: a. 1) the “Catalogue of legume based products”, which are used in professional kitchens (and which will also inform the content of the Innovation Catalogue, D3.5); and, 2) the report, ‘The potential market pull for legumes in the food service market’, which shall also include a section about customer responses to legume-based menus.

Capacity development workshop

A training workshop on transdisciplinary research and methods for all partners will demonstrate basic concepts and how to use and develop the Transdisciplinary Toolbox since it will be exploited at subsequent multi-stakeholder workshops in the establishment of individual Regional Clusters, their interaction and outreach more broadly.

Summary leaflet of Attributional LCA

A leaflet on, “Attributional LCA for legume-based products”. Key outputs to be exploited by WP4 (and eventually for sustainable pathway analysis, WP8), will be summarised here. The leaflet will highlight key methodological issues and footprint results for legume food and feed products.

LCA Database for Open Access

A ‘Life cycle analysis database’, will be made available for Open Access via the project website (WP1), and collated on the project Database (WP2). This data will allow pubic access to a unique collection of processes and emission factors specific to legume-based food and feed product value chains.

Publications

Faba bean as a novel brewing adjunct: Consumer evaluation

Author(s): Kirsty Black, Andrew Barnett, Athina Tziboula-Clarke, Philip J. White, Pietro P.M. Iannetta, Graeme Walker
Published in: Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 2019, ISSN 0046-9750
DOI: 10.1002/jib.568

Lysine Supply Is a Critical Factor in Achieving Sustainable Global Protein Economy

Author(s): Ilkka Leinonen, Pietro P. M. Iannetta, Robert M. Rees, Wendy Russell, Christine Watson, Andrew P. Barnes
Published in: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 3, 2019, ISSN 2571-581X
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2019.00027

Whole-Systems Analysis of Environmental and Economic Sustainability in Arable Cropping Systems: A Case Study

Author(s): Hawes, Young, Banks, Begg, Christie, Iannetta, Karley, Squire
Published in: Agronomy, Issue 9/8, 2019, Page(s) 438, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy9080438

Data for life cycle assessment of legume biorefining for alcohol

Author(s): Theophile Lienhardt, Kirsty Black, Sophie Saget, Marcela Porto Costa, David Chadwick, Robert Rees, Michael Williams, Charles Spillane, Pietro Iannetta, Graeme Walker, David Styles
Published in: Data in Brief, Issue 25, 2019, Page(s) 104242, ISSN 2352-3409
DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2019.104242

Transitions to greater legume inclusion in cropland: Defining opportunities and estimating benefits for the nitrogen economy

Author(s): Geoffrey R. Squire, Nora Quesada, Graham S. Begg, Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Published in: Food and Energy Security, Issue 8/4, 2019, ISSN 2048-3694
DOI: 10.1002/fes3.175

Just the tonic! Legume biorefining for alcohol has the potential to reduce Europe's protein deficit and mitigate climate change

Author(s): Theophile Lienhardt, Kirsty Black, Sophie Saget, Marcela Porto Costa, David Chadwick, Robert M. Rees, Michael Williams, Charles Spillane, Pietro M. Iannetta, Graeme Walker, David Styles
Published in: Environment International, Issue 130, 2019, Page(s) 104870, ISSN 0160-4120
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.064

The functional characterisation of soybean (Glycine max L.) rhizospheric bacteria indigenous to Ethiopian soils

Author(s): Temesgen Diriba, Maluk Marta, K. James Euan, P. M. Iannetta Pietro, Assefa Fassil
Published in: African Journal of Agricultural Research, Issue 14/33, 2019, Page(s) 1659-1673, ISSN 1991-637X
DOI: 10.5897/ajar2019.14315

Variation in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Seed Quality Traits Defined by Physicochemical Functional Properties

Author(s): Carla S. Santos, Bruna Carbas, Ana Castanho, Marta W. Vasconcelos, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto, Claire Domoney, Carla Brites
Published in: Foods, Issue 8/11, 2019, Page(s) 570, ISSN 2304-8158
DOI: 10.3390/foods8110570

The Effect of Sprouting in Lentil (Lens culinaris) Nutritional and Microbiological Profile

Author(s): Carla S.Santos, Beatriz Silva, Luísa M.P.Valente, Sabine Gruber, Marta W.Vasconcelos
Published in: Foods, Issue 9/4, 2020, Page(s) 400, ISSN 2304-8158
DOI: 10.3390/foods9040400

Editorial: Transitions to Sustainable Food and Feed Systems

Author(s): Marta Wilton Vasconcelos, Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Geoffrey R. Squire, Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Published in: Frontiers in Plant Science, Issue 10, 2019, ISSN 1664-462X
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01283

Legume Biofortification and the Role of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria in a Sustainable Agricultural Era

Author(s): Mariana Roriz, Susana M. P. Carvalho, Paula M. L. Castro, Marta W. Vasconcelos
Published in: Agronomy, Issue 10/3, 2020, Page(s) 435, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10030435

Lupin kernel meal as fishmeal replacement in formulated feeds for the Whiteleg Shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei )

Author(s): Monika Weiss, Anja Rebelein, Matthew J. Slater
Published in: Aquaculture Nutrition, Issue 26/3, 2020, Page(s) 752-762, ISSN 1353-5773
DOI: 10.1111/anu.13034

First European Conference on Crop Diversification: Book of Abstracts

Author(s): Messéan, Antoine; Drexler, Dóra; Heim, Ildikó; Paresys, Lise; Stilmant, Didier; Willer, Helga
Published in: First European Conference on Crop Diversification, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 1-369
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3516329

Datasets

TRUE Policy Delphi first and second round results (data and figures in pdf)

Author(s): Balázs, Bálint; Kelemen, Eszter; Centofanti, Tiziana; Vasconcelos, Marta; Iannetta, Pietro
Published in: Zenodo

TRUE Policy Delphi first and second round results (data and figures in pdf)

Author(s): Bálint Balázs; Eszter Kelemen; Tiziana Centofanti; Marta Vasconcelos; Pietro Iannetta
Published in: Zenodo