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Transition paths to sustainable legume based systems in Europe

Livrables

Project website

A public project website will be created to share TRUE’s project updates. It will embed a range of social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn) to maximise the reach and dissemination of information. The website will showcase innovative practice and business models in production, processing and marketing of legumes, and promote networking and to deliver project outputs such as the Decision support tools to be developed by WP8, and practice-oriented briefing notes. Social media impact data will be collated to develop new strategies to increase impact. The website will be transferred to a founding member of Pulse Europe on project completion.

Annual activity plan - Year I

The Year 1 Annual Activity Plan. As this description indicates this plan will be delivered in the first month of each project year, and will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Report: practices for commercialisation

A guidance document on ‘Best practices for commercialisation of legumes’. This report will be targeted for delivery to business stakeholders (and policy makers), as a synthesis from the more broad and detailed D4.5 report (on 'Sustainability indicators for legume supported food and feed systems').

Environment and nutri-economic assessments of European diets – Report I

A stage-1 report on, “The environment and nutri-economic assessments of legume-enriched European diets”. The report will present the initial assessments that aim to identify the key-features underpinning the functional relationship between legume inclusion, nutritional provision and environmental impact.

Scenarios for upscaling production, including economic and trade indicators – Report I

A dataset and report describing key results where the cropping system status quos ares assessed in a comparative analysis against outcomes of legume-innovation uptake (e.g. precision agricultural, inorganic nitrogen use avoidance, dietary change to reduce meat intake, changed EU policies such as CAP). The report will detail the impacts of legume production under the different scenarios on overall production and land use.

Data for Life Cycle Analysis proof of concept

Nutritional profile data for grain legumes will be data gathered and provided for the Life Cycle Analysis proof of concept (WP5). Profiling will include that of including macro- and micro-nutrients and prebiotic properties (of selected legumes). This data will also help identify the relative suitability, and trade-offs, of different legume species for food- and feed-applications.

Delphi for favourable governance contexts

This report, ‘Developing new governance solutions for legume-dependent systems’, will describe road-maps which may meet the expectations of a wide range of different actors’ groups across the supply chain. The findings will be shared in a range of languages of the European Union. The report will be guided by the results of web-based Delphi surveys of legume chain actors to a range of potential policy solutions. Iteration in this process will allow resolution of favourable policies and transition pathways.

Impact plan from Stakeholder Advisory Board

Impact Plan. This report will be heavily directed by feedback from TRUEs Stakeholder Advisory Board (SAB, the commercial partners), and also other multi-actors engaged via the ISAB (Intercontinental Science Advisory Board), and including operatives of the Regional Clusters, existing relevant H2020 research projects, and successful RUR (rural renaissance) project(s). This direction will help ensure research complementarity, synergy and science excellence. The ultimate aim of this report is to define the best routes to impact.

Practice Abstracts I

As a requirement of multi-actor approach, this first milestone for these products aims to deliver the first batch of formalised 'Practice Abstracts'. These will be delivered in the EIP common format (as an ExCel file), and shall turn innovative knowledge resulting from the project activities into accessible easy-to-use material for end-users. The practical knowledge will be described in simple terms, easily understood by lay-persons and/or specific stakeholders. It total, we estimate conservatively that there will be a minimum total of 36 Practice Abstracts over the course of the project - with 18 abstracts to be delivered at this mid-term, month 24, stage.

LCA methodology report

A practical manual on LCA methodology for legume supported food- and feed-chains. This will outline the procedure and data sources for the combined environmental- and nutrient-quality assessments of European diets. With WP6 this approach will describe the methodology of the nutri-economic assessment of diet/food choice.

Annual activity plan - Year II

The Year 2 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Behavioural analysis of farmers uptake and consumers choice

This report will detail the key decision making factors for farmers and consumers in a comparative appraisal across a range of European countries/cropping system scenarios. The report will therefore inform how we may operate more effectively to affect behavioural change positively towards legume inclusion.

Annual activity plan - Year III

The Year 3 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Map of legume food supply chains and trade

A report on the EU food market pull for legumes, including a map of the infrastructure for processing, trade and consumer preferences. This will include quality chain prices from products from farm to retail markets.

Annual activity plan - Year IV

The Year 4 Annual Activity Plan. This plan will formalise specific operations (meetings and agendas), at WP and sub-WP level for the following 12 months. The output will be formalised via the project workspace (SharePoint), and associate project management software. The plan will identify and facilitate the necessary co-ordination to help ensure the timely delivery and success of linked project activities and meetings or workshops. This plan will also help inform the framework of the DMP (D9.2).

Scientific, practice and policy publications – Year III

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Co-production of the policy assessment

A report on a, ‘critical analysis of existing policies and governance solutions for legume supported systems’. This shall be generated by a combination of systematic review and key stakeholders interviews. The latter taking place in the context of shared visits to favourable Case Studies in various agroecological systems across EU regions. The output will facilitate the generation of an analytical framework to determine how actual policies and governance solutions are enabling or limiting legume production.

Scientific, practice and policy publications - Year II

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Report: market demand of EU feed industry for grain legumes

A report on market demand of EU feed industry for grain legumes in feed for livestock and aquaculture. This task will focus on conventional and organic soy and lupins, and will be rooted in practical and desk-based case studies. Delivery of the report will be linked to two key-stakeholder surveys, including those engaged in Regional Cluster workshops. The findings will be assessed with respect to trade agreements, tariffs and quality standards of the feed market.

Scientific, practice and policy publications - Year I

Annually, data and key outputs/deliverables will be gathered by WP1 and synthesised into practical briefing media such as notes for stakeholders, to inform members of the public of new insight and products via press releases, including trade press. These will be circulated in a range of languages of the Regional Clusters, and will also be aimed to policy-makers at regional, national and EU level.

Report on co-design of policy analysis

This report, ‘Creating a an effective science-policy interface to support legume supported cropping systems and food and feed supply chains’, will be co-developed via TRUE partners especially those involved in developing the Innovation Case Studies, Regional Clusters and also the ISAB and other associated partners. The report will advance reflective learning techniques for policy assessment. The main output will be a summary of specific research and information needs, an outline of stakeholders’ interests in knowledge exchange, and identification of desired communication tools to advance the project – especially with a view to effective policy impact.

Outline business plans/cases

Report compiling business cases. This is to be elaborated by IFAU, IGV, KEFRI and JHI: and with respect to understanding the business case for diets and environmental impacts as informed by the LCA in WP5.

Report: SDIs for quality chains

A report on the most applicable, ‘Sustainability indicators for legume supported food and feed systems’. This shall be drafted with input from earlier activities in WP4 will be iterated with data from the other WPs to help develop ‘transition to sustainability’ models (WP8).

Policy Brief: Green Public Procurement

A policy brief on “Green public procurement” shall be developed from two sub-deliverables informed by an investigation of food service markets and exploration for the role of public institutions and chain actors in the private sector in transitions to legume supported food systems. This approach shall also assess customer responses to legumes as a main-stream protein source. The two supporting sub-deliverables to the policy brief will be: a. 1) the “Catalogue of legume based products”, which are used in professional kitchens (and which will also inform the content of the Innovation Catalogue, D3.5); and, 2) the report, ‘The potential market pull for legumes in the food service market’, which shall also include a section about customer responses to legume-based menus.

Capacity development workshop

A training workshop on transdisciplinary research and methods for all partners will demonstrate basic concepts and how to use and develop the Transdisciplinary Toolbox since it will be exploited at subsequent multi-stakeholder workshops in the establishment of individual Regional Clusters, their interaction and outreach more broadly.

Summary leaflet of Attributional LCA

A leaflet on, “Attributional LCA for legume-based products”. Key outputs to be exploited by WP4 (and eventually for sustainable pathway analysis, WP8), will be summarised here. The leaflet will highlight key methodological issues and footprint results for legume food and feed products.

LCA Database for Open Access

A ‘Life cycle analysis database’, will be made available for Open Access via the project website (WP1), and collated on the project Database (WP2). This data will allow pubic access to a unique collection of processes and emission factors specific to legume-based food and feed product value chains.

Publications

Substituting wheat with chickpea flour in pasta production delivers more nutrition at a lower environmental cost

Auteurs: Sophie Saget; Marcela Porto Costa; Eleonora Barilli; Marta W. Vasconcelos; Carla S. Santos; David Styles; David Styles; Michael Williams
Publié dans: Journal of Cleaner Production, Issue 46, 2021, ISSN 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.spc.2020.06.012

Reviving a Neglected Crop: A Case Study on Lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus subsp. culinaris) Cultivation in Germany

Auteurs: Theresa M. Reif, Sabine Zikeli, Ann-Marleen Rieps, Carina P. Lang, Jens Hartung, Sabine Gruber
Publié dans: Sustainability, Issue 13/1, 2021, Page(s) 133, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su13010133

Policy Interventions Promoting Sustainable Food- and Feed-Systems: A Delphi Study of Legume Production and Consumption

Auteurs: Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Tiziana Centofanti, Marta W. Vasconcelos, Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Publié dans: Sustainability, Issue 13/14, 2021, Page(s) 7597, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su13147597

A Multifunctional Solution for Wicked Problems: Value-Chain Wide Facilitation of Legumes Cultivated at Bioregional Scales Is Necessary to Address the Climate-Biodiversity-Nutrition Nexus

Auteurs: Pietro P. M. Iannetta, Cathy Hawes, Graham S. Begg, Henrik Maaß, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas, Marta Vasconcelos, Karen Hamann, Michael Williams, David Styles, Luiza Toma, Shailesh Shrestha, Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Marko Debeljak, Aneta Trajanov, R Vickers, Robert M. Rees
Publié dans: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 5, 2021, ISSN 2571-581X
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2021.692137

Effect of Nutritional Variation and LCA Methodology on the Carbon Footprint of Milk Production From Holstein Friesian Dairy Cows

Auteurs: Margaret D. March, Paul R. Hargreaves, Alasdair J. Sykes, Robert M. Rees
Publié dans: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 5, 2021, ISSN 2571-581X
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2021.588158

Optimised processing of faba bean ( Vicia faba L.) kernels as a brewing adjunct

Auteurs: Kirsty Black, Athina Tziboula‐Clarke, Philip J. White, Pietro P.M. Iannetta, Graeme Walker
Publié dans: Journal of the Institute of Brewing, Issue 127/1, 2021, Page(s) 13-20, ISSN 0046-9750
DOI: 10.1002/jib.632

Regional land use efficiency and nutritional quality of protein production

Auteurs: Ilkka Leinonen, Pietro P.M. Iannetta, Michael MacLeod, Robert M. Rees, Wendy Russell, Christine Watson, Andrew P. Barnes
Publié dans: Global Food Security, Issue 26, 2020, Page(s) 100386, ISSN 2211-9124
DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100386

Pulse Consumption among Portuguese Adults: Potential Drivers and Barriers towards a Sustainable Diet

Auteurs: Mariana Duarte, Marta Vasconcelos, Elisabete Pinto
Publié dans: Nutrients, Issue 12/11, 2020, Page(s) 3336, ISSN 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu12113336

Genetic characterization at the species and symbiovar level of indigenous rhizobial isolates nodulating Phaseolus vulgaris in Greece

Auteurs: Evdoxia Efstathiadou, Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas, Anastasia P. Tampakaki
Publié dans: Scientific Reports, Issue 11/1, 2021, ISSN 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-88051-8

Integrated policy analysis to identify transformation paths to more sustainable legume-based food and feed value-chains in Europe

Auteurs: Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Tiziana Centofanti, Marta W. Vasconcelos, Pietro P.M. Iannetta
Publié dans: Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 45/6, 2021, Page(s) 931-953, ISSN 2168-3565
DOI: 10.1080/21683565.2021.1884165

Comparative Assessment of Different Crop Rotation Schemes for Organic Common Bean Production

Auteurs: Ioannis Karavidas, Georgia Ntatsi, Theodora Ntanasi, Ioannis Vlachos, Anastasia Tampakaki, Pietro P. M. Iannetta, Dimitrios Savvas
Publié dans: Agronomy, Issue 10/9, 2020, Page(s) 1269, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10091269

Faba bean as a novel brewing adjunct: Consumer evaluation

Auteurs: Kirsty Black, Andrew Barnett, Athina Tziboula-Clarke, Philip J. White, Pietro P.M. Iannetta, Graeme Walker
Publié dans: Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 2019, ISSN 0046-9750
DOI: 10.1002/jib.568

Lysine Supply Is a Critical Factor in Achieving Sustainable Global Protein Economy

Auteurs: Ilkka Leinonen, Pietro P. M. Iannetta, Robert M. Rees, Wendy Russell, Christine Watson, Andrew P. Barnes
Publié dans: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 3, 2019, ISSN 2571-581X
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2019.00027

Whole-Systems Analysis of Environmental and Economic Sustainability in Arable Cropping Systems: A Case Study

Auteurs: Hawes, Young, Banks, Begg, Christie, Iannetta, Karley, Squire
Publié dans: Agronomy, Issue 9/8, 2019, Page(s) 438, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy9080438

Data for life cycle assessment of legume biorefining for alcohol

Auteurs: Theophile Lienhardt, Kirsty Black, Sophie Saget, Marcela Porto Costa, David Chadwick, Robert Rees, Michael Williams, Charles Spillane, Pietro Iannetta, Graeme Walker, David Styles
Publié dans: Data in Brief, Issue 25, 2019, Page(s) 104242, ISSN 2352-3409
DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2019.104242

Transitions to greater legume inclusion in cropland: Defining opportunities and estimating benefits for the nitrogen economy

Auteurs: Geoffrey R. Squire, Nora Quesada, Graham S. Begg, Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Publié dans: Food and Energy Security, Issue 8/4, 2019, ISSN 2048-3694
DOI: 10.1002/fes3.175

Just the tonic! Legume biorefining for alcohol has the potential to reduce Europe's protein deficit and mitigate climate change

Auteurs: Theophile Lienhardt, Kirsty Black, Sophie Saget, Marcela Porto Costa, David Chadwick, Robert M. Rees, Michael Williams, Charles Spillane, Pietro M. Iannetta, Graeme Walker, David Styles
Publié dans: Environment International, Issue 130, 2019, Page(s) 104870, ISSN 0160-4120
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.064

The functional characterisation of soybean (Glycine max L.) rhizospheric bacteria indigenous to Ethiopian soils

Auteurs: Temesgen Diriba, Maluk Marta, K. James Euan, P. M. Iannetta Pietro, Assefa Fassil
Publié dans: African Journal of Agricultural Research, Issue 14/33, 2019, Page(s) 1659-1673, ISSN 1991-637X
DOI: 10.5897/ajar2019.14315

Variation in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Seed Quality Traits Defined by Physicochemical Functional Properties

Auteurs: Carla S. Santos, Bruna Carbas, Ana Castanho, Marta W. Vasconcelos, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto, Claire Domoney, Carla Brites
Publié dans: Foods, Issue 8/11, 2019, Page(s) 570, ISSN 2304-8158
DOI: 10.3390/foods8110570

The Effect of Sprouting in Lentil (Lens culinaris) Nutritional and Microbiological Profile

Auteurs: Carla S.Santos, Beatriz Silva, Luísa M.P.Valente, Sabine Gruber, Marta W.Vasconcelos
Publié dans: Foods, Issue 9/4, 2020, Page(s) 400, ISSN 2304-8158
DOI: 10.3390/foods9040400

Editorial: Transitions to Sustainable Food and Feed Systems

Auteurs: Marta Wilton Vasconcelos, Bálint Balázs, Eszter Kelemen, Geoffrey R. Squire, Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Publié dans: Frontiers in Plant Science, Issue 10, 2019, ISSN 1664-462X
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01283

Legume Biofortification and the Role of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria in a Sustainable Agricultural Era

Auteurs: Mariana Roriz, Susana M. P. Carvalho, Paula M. L. Castro, Marta W. Vasconcelos
Publié dans: Agronomy, Issue 10/3, 2020, Page(s) 435, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10030435

Lupin kernel meal as fishmeal replacement in formulated feeds for the Whiteleg Shrimp ( Litopenaeus vannamei )

Auteurs: Monika Weiss, Anja Rebelein, Matthew J. Slater
Publié dans: Aquaculture Nutrition, Issue 26/3, 2020, Page(s) 752-762, ISSN 1353-5773
DOI: 10.1111/anu.13034

Iron metabolism in soybean grown in calcareous soil is influenced by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria – A functional analysis

Auteurs: Mariana Roriz, Sofia I.A. Pereira, Paula M.L. Castro, Susana M.P. Carvalho, Marta W. Vasconcelos
Publié dans: Rhizosphere, Issue 17, 2021, Page(s) 100274, ISSN 2452-2198
DOI: 10.1016/j.rhisph.2020.100274

Agroecological practices for whole-system sustainability.

Auteurs: Cathy Hawes
Publié dans: CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, Issue 16/005, 2021, ISSN 1749-8848
DOI: 10.1079/pavsnnr202116005

Does Circular Reuse of Chickpea Cooking Water to Produce Vegan Mayonnaise Reduce Environmental Impact Compared with Egg Mayonnaise?

Auteurs: Sophie Saget, Marcela Costa, David Styles, Mike Williams
Publié dans: Sustainability, Issue 13/9, 2021, Page(s) 4726, ISSN 2071-1050
DOI: 10.3390/su13094726

Legume-Modified Rotations Deliver Nutrition With Lower Environmental Impact

Auteurs: Marcela P. Costa, Moritz Reckling, Dave Chadwick, Robert M. Rees, Sophie Saget, Michael Williams, David Styles
Publié dans: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, Issue 5, 2021, ISSN 2571-581X
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2021.656005

Comparative life cycle assessment of plant and beef-based patties, including carbon opportunity costs

Auteurs: Saget, Sophie; Costa, Marcela Porto; Santos, Carla Sancho; Vasconcelos, Marta; Styles, David; Williams, Mike
Publié dans: Crossref, Issue 9, 2021, ISSN 2352-5509
DOI: 10.1016/j.spc.2021.07.017

Which Agronomic Practices Increase the Yield and Quality of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)? A Systematic Review Protocol

Auteurs: Georgia Ntatsi; Anestis Karkanis; Fanny Tran; Dimitrios Savvas; Pietro P. M. Iannetta
Publié dans: Agronomy, Issue 42, 2020, ISSN 2073-4395
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy10071008

First European Conference on Crop Diversification: Book of Abstracts

Auteurs: Messéan, Antoine; Drexler, Dóra; Heim, Ildikó; Paresys, Lise; Stilmant, Didier; Willer, Helga
Publié dans: First European Conference on Crop Diversification, Issue 1, 2019, Page(s) 1-369
DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3516329

Transitions of Legume-based Agrifood Systems - Stakeholders’ view from Hungary

Auteurs: Balázs, B., Kelemen, E. and Szakál, D.
Publié dans: The International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food, 2020, ISSN 0798-1759
DOI: 10.48416/ijsaf.v27i1.89

Ensemble de données

Consumers - Legume Dishes | Choose Beans

Auteurs: Oliveira, Beatriz; Varandas, Elisete; Vilela, Eugenia
Publié dans: Zenodo

Processing of Legume Products to new Foods

Auteurs: Lies, Sebastian; Lehrack, Uwe
Publié dans: Zenodo

TRUE Policy Delphi first and second round results (data and figures in pdf)

Auteurs: Balázs, Bálint; Kelemen, Eszter; Centofanti, Tiziana; Vasconcelos, Marta; Iannetta, Pietro
Publié dans: Zenodo

Particle size and starch pasting properties analysis as important parameter for new food development by extrusion

Auteurs: Petrusan, Janos; Lies, Sebastian; Lehrack, Uwe
Publié dans: Zenodo

TRUE Policy Delphi first and second round results (data and figures in pdf)

Auteurs: Bálint Balázs; Eszter Kelemen; Tiziana Centofanti; Marta Vasconcelos; Pietro Iannetta
Publié dans: Zenodo