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TURBOmachinery REtrofits enabling FLEXible back-up capacity for the transition of the European energy system

Deliverables

Detailed experimental validation results based on HSRC

Experimental validation of the flow control technology using the HighSpeed Research Compressor rig at TUM and quantification of the performance benefit and it comparison against numerical predictionReportout will include the speedline of the compressor traverse data pressure temperature velocities and flow angles at intrastage planes Deliverable relates to T11

Analysis of operation performance of the condition monitoring system

Evaluation of data generated by condition monitoring system during routine operation (in test rig) as well as specific test cases if applicable. The report contains results of real engine data during routine operation. Data will be evaluated and the condition based monitoring scheme verified. This deliverable belongs to Task 4.1

Model development and validation

A report showing the combustor characteristics of 3D CFD model with performance and predictions comparable to available combustor data. The aim is to match model and data as close as possible to baseline. This relates to Task 2.2.

Design and verification of model

A report showing performance characteristics of 3D compressor model compared with predictions of a reference compressor. The aim is to obtain a compressor model that is indicative of the reference compressor performance at baseline. This relates to Task 1.3.

Layman’s report on performance and flexibility improvements and their economic impact

This deliverable refers to Tasks 5.1, 5.2 and 5.3. The aim of the deliverable is to publish a public report, which describes the key achievements of TURBO-REFLEX consortium in the improvements of performance and flexibility in the power plants under consideration and their expected economic impact in the electricity market.

Rotor life evaluation system

Thermal stress and life expenditure module ready for implementation in the Turbine Control System. A modified thermal stress and life expenditure module will be ready to be implemented in the TCS to assess the remaining life of the turbine according to actual operational steam parameters and flow conditions in turbine inlet. The implementation in the TCS itself is outside the scope of the project. Deliverable relates to ST4.2.2

Plant baseline model

Report that describes baseline models and operating profile for OCGT, CCGT, steam and aero GT power plant modelling. - Determination of a generic heavy duty GT and aero GT model to be used as baseline for the investigations after coordination with all partners - Determination of OCGT, CCGT and steam cycle model to be used as baseline for the investigations after coordination with all partners Deliverable relates to Task 5.1 and Task 5.2

Dissemination and exploitation plan

Report describing the measures to be taken to increase public awareness for the project and widely distribute project results to different target audiences. Further, the plan will provide the strategic exploitation plan carried out jointly from Consortium partners and individually by the industry partners. Finally, the measures and mechanisms that have will be established in order to protect foreground and determine how they will be used will be part of the plan. The document will be updated continuously and made available to the full consortium.

Implemented and validated condition monitoring system at rig engine

Functioning and tested condition monitoring system on a test rig platform.

Requirement analysis report and specification document’

Report on available data, simulation models and methods, as well as the specification for future data acquisition /automation systems.

Development of measurement technique and experimental results

The established optical measurement technique using thermo-chromic liquid crystal method will be applied using Perspex models with appropriate scaling to laboratory conditions for new small-scale cooling configuration. It aims to provide a first database for design applications. With this, a general methodology for experimental evaluation of novel small-scale cooling configuration in relation to the investigations in Subtask 2.3.1 could be achieved.

Experimental results

The established optical measurement technique using thermo-chromic liquid crystal method will be applied using Perspex models with appropriate scaling to laboratory conditions for new small-scale cooling configuration. It aims to provide a first database for design applications. With this, a general methodology for experimental evaluation of novel small-scale cooling configuration in relation to the investigations in Subtask 2.3.1 could be achieved.

Exploitation of stretched design limits

Report on fracture mechanical behaviour of high temperature steels for steam turbine components (e.g. crack propagation, fracture toughness). The report will discuss methods for handling thermal and load history effects such as, for instance, warm pre-stressing with application to results obtained in the project. This deliverable refers to T3.3.

Remote Monitoring System

An online accessible computation and visualization SW module capable of detecting and visualizing the rub symptoms regarding the monitored turbine rotor; additional statistical algorithm allowing the expert to analyze the current rub symptoms from the perspective of previous historical data; Cloud oriented online SW (Remote Monitoring System) accessing the online data from turbine blades monitoring on multiple machines and computing the model based blade residual lifetime estimation for selected monitored turbine. Implementation of a SW module for rub detection in a prototypical way. Case study of the prototype used to analyze rub symptoms in turbine operation. Implementation of cloud oriented online SW for turbine blades monitoring and case study of blade residual lifetime estimation for selected turbine in operation. Deliverable relates to ST4.2.3

Workshop presenting final project results

Public workshop presenting the final results of the TURBO-REFLEX project and providing an outlook of the necessary next development steps; connected with turbomachinery conference.

Public website

The aim of this deliverable is the creation of a public website to present the project in general as well as the partners. On the webiste, overview will be given of the approach and current results. The website will be maintained to the end of the project.

Intermediate workshop

The aim of this public workshop is to present preliminary results of the project, and to discuss the potential role of thermal power plants in the transition process towards a future low carbon energy sector, and the respective policy and research implications. Further, the workshop aims at establishing a dialogue between the consortium, relevant stakeholders and European policy makers.

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Publications

Aeroderivative gas turbine back-up capability with compressed air injection

Author(s): Kamal Abudu, Uyioghosa Igie, Ioannis Roumeliotis, Artur Szymanski, Giuseppina Di Lorenzo
Published in: Applied Thermal Engineering, 180, 2020, Page(s) 115844, ISSN 1359-4311
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115844

Out-of-phase thermomechanical fatigue crack propagation in a steam turbine steel — Modelling of crack closure

Author(s): Ahmed Azeez, Viktor Norman, Robert Eriksson, Daniel Leidermark, Johan Moverare
Published in: International Journal of Fatigue, 149, 2021, Page(s) 106251, ISSN 0142-1123
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2021.106251

Gas turbine minimum environmental load extension with compressed air extraction for storage

Author(s): Kamal Abudu, Uyioghosa Igie, Orlando Minervino, Richard Hamilton
Published in: Applied Thermal Engineering, 180, 2020, Page(s) 115869, ISSN 1359-4311
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2020.115869

Aerodynamic limits of gas turbine compressor during high air offtakes for minimum load extension

Author(s): Artur Szymanski, Uyioghosa Igie, Kamal Abudu, Richard Hamilton
Published in: Applied Thermal Engineering, 189, 2021, Page(s) 116697, ISSN 1359-4311
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.116697

Characterisation of deformation and damage in a steam turbine steel subjected to low cycle fatigue

Author(s): Ahmed Azeez, Robert Eriksson, Mattias Calmunger
Published in: Procedia Structural Integrity, 23, 2019, Page(s) 155-160, ISSN 2452-3216
Publisher: Linköpings universitet
DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.01.079

Low cycle fatigue life modelling using finite element strain range partitioning for a steam turbine rotor steel

Author(s): Ahmed Azeez, Robert Eriksson, Daniel Leidermark, Mattias Calmunger
Published in: Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 107, 2020, Page(s) 102510, ISSN 0167-8442
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.tafmec.2020.102510

Gas turbine efficiency and ramp rate improvement through compressed air injection

Author(s): Kamal Abudu, Uyioghosa Igie, Orlando Minervino, Richard Hamilton
Published in: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy, 2020, Page(s) 095765092093208, ISSN 0957-6509
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd.
DOI: 10.1177/0957650920932083

Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue of a CrMo Steel Applicable to Steam Turbine Shafts

Author(s): Martin Nesládek, Milan Růžička, Maxim Lutovinov, Jiří Kuželka, Radek Procházka, Martin Rund, Petr Měšťánek
Published in: Procedia Structural Integrity, 19, 2019, Page(s) 231-237, ISSN 2452-3216
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2019.12.025

Numerical Simulations of Fatigue Crack Growth in a Steam Turbine Rotor Blade Groove

Author(s): Jiří Kuželka, Martin Nesládek, Maxim Lutovinov, Josef Jurenka, Milan Růžička, Martin Rund, Petr Měšťánek
Published in: Procedia Structural Integrity, 17, 2019, Page(s) 780-787, ISSN 2452-3216
Publisher: Elsevier BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2019.08.104

CALIBRATION OF BTT MEASUREMENT WITH RESPECT TO SENSOR POSITION OVER SHROUDED LSB

Author(s): Tereza Dadáková, Zdeněk Kubín
Published in: Acta Polytechnica CTU Proceedings, 20, 2018, Page(s) 29-33, ISSN 2336-5382
Publisher: Czech Technical University in Prague
DOI: 10.14311/app.2018.20.0029

Compressor Retrofittable Solutions in Heavy-Duty Gas Turbines for Minimum Environmental Load Reduction

Author(s): Stefano Gino Mosele, Tiziano Garbarino, Andrea Schneider, Lorenzo Cozzi, Andrea Arnone, Georgios Goinis, Simon Hedkvist
Published in: E3S Web of Conferences, 113, 2019, Page(s) 01012, ISSN 2267-1242
Publisher: EDP Sciences
DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/201911301012

Impact of gas turbine flexibility improvements on combined cycle gas turbine performance

Author(s): Kamal Abudu, Uyioghosa Igie, Ioannis Roumeliotis, Richard Hamilton
Published in: Applied Thermal Engineering, 189, 2021, Page(s) 116703, ISSN 1359-4311
Publisher: Pergamon Press Ltd.
DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.116703

Low cycle fatigue modelling of a steam turbine rotor steel

Author(s): Ahmed Azeez, Robert Eriksson, Mattias Calmunger, Stefan B. Lindström, Kjell Simonsson
Published in: Procedia Structural Integrity, 23, 2019, Page(s) 149-154, ISSN 2452-3216
Publisher: Elseview BV
DOI: 10.1016/j.prostr.2020.01.078

A Nonlinear Ultrasonic Modulation Method for Crack Detection in Turbine Blades

Author(s): Frank Mevissen, Michele Meo
Published in: Aerospace, 7/6, 2020, Page(s) 72, ISSN 2226-4310
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/aerospace7060072

Throughflow Study on Bleeding for Part Load Compressor Operation

Author(s): Simon Hedkvist
Published in: 2019
Publisher: Luleå University of Technology Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematic

Effect of dwell time on stress intensity factor of ferritic steel for steam turbine applications

Author(s): Ahmed Azeez
Published in: 2018
Publisher: Linköping University

High-Temperature Fatigue in a Steam Turbine Steel : Modelling of Cyclic Deformation and Crack Closure

Author(s): A. Azeez
Published in: 2021, ISBN 9789179296964
Publisher: Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Licentiate Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1900
DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-173354

LEAN-BLOW-OUT SIMULATION OF NATURAL GAS FUELED, PREMIXED TURBULENT JET FLAME ARRAYS WITH LES AND FGM-MODELING

Author(s): Alexander Schwagerus, Peter Habisreuther, Nikolaos Zarzalis
Published in: 2021
Publisher: ASME Turbo Expo 2021

Heat Transfer Measurements Using Multiple Thermochromic Liquid Crystals in Symmetric Cooling Channels

Author(s): Tobias Krille, Stefan Retzko, Rico Poser, Jens von Wolfersdorf
Published in: Volume 7A: Heat Transfer, 2020, ISBN 978-0-7918-8416-4
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI: 10.1115/gt2020-16271

Determination of mechanical properties of steam turbine rotor materials

Author(s): M. Rund, J. Džugan, P. Konopík, M. Nesládek, J. Kuželka, M. Růžička, P. Měšťánek
Published in: 2021
Publisher: COMAT 2021

Determination of a Correlation for Predicting Lean Blow Off Limits of Gaseous Fueled, Premixed Turbulent Jet Flame Arrays Enclosed in a Hexagonal Dump Combustor

Author(s): C. Weis, A. Schwagerus, S. Faller, R. Bhagwan, P. Habisreuther, N. Zarzalis
Published in: Conference: European Combustion Meeting – 2019, At Lisboa, Portugal, April 14-17, 2019, 2019
Publisher: Conference: European Combustion Meeting – 2019, At Lisboa, Portugal, April 14-17, 2019

FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH ANALYSIS OF THE LOW-PRESSURE ROTOR OF THE STEAM TURBINE

Author(s): Martin Nesládek, Jiří Kuželka, Milan Růžička, Petr Měšťánek
Published in: Zvyšování životnosti komponent energetických zařízení v elektrárnách, 2020
Publisher: Sborník z 15. konferenc

"""Special Technical Session:TURBO-REFLEX EU Project"""

Author(s): """C.Aalburg - GE, DE, A.Szymanski - CU, A.Schwagerus - KIT, J.Liska - UWB, V.-.Cerny - DSPW, A.Wiedermann - MAN O.Bernstrauch - SPG, M.Benvenuto - AEN"""
Published in: 2021
Publisher: European Turbomachinery Conference

Combustion Characteristics of Natural Gas Fueled, Premixed Turbulent Jet Flame Arrays Confined in a Hexagonal Combustor

Author(s): Robbin Bhagwan, Alexander Schwagerus, Christof Weis, Peter Habisreuther, Nikolaos Zarzalis, Michael Huth, Berthold Koestlin, Stefan Dederichs
Published in: Volume 4A: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions, 2019, ISBN 978-0-7918-5861-5
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
DOI: 10.1115/gt2019-90286

3D printed Ni-based superalloy structures for energy industry application

Author(s): Andrzej Krupa, Magdalena Mieloszyk, Tomasz Wandowski, Maciej Malicki
Published in: Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems XV, 2021, Page(s) 92, ISBN 9781510640160
Publisher: SPIE
DOI: 10.1117/12.2581352