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Space CARBon Observatory

Objective

In October 2015, a group of scientific and technical experts released a report to help the Commission implement a strategy “Towards a European operational observing system to monitor fossil CO2 emissions” [Ciais et al.]. Along the lines of the recommendations of this report, the SCARBO project is tackling the challenge of anthropogenic GHG monitoring by investigating a new concept based on innovative technologies. The project, coordinated by Airbus Defence and Space, is handled by a consortium of 10 European organisations, including scientific institutes, SMEs and industry.
From the technological development of a miniaturised static spectrometer to an innovative mission concept based on a constellation of small satellites for the future operational GHG monitoring system, SCARBO will offer unprecedented measurement repetitiveness over the entire globe for the price of two mid-sized satellites.
The challenge of the project is to remove the technological and economic roadblocks and solve the difficulties of current GHG missions (uncertainties due to aerosols, provision of both high accuracy measurements and high temporal frequency of measurements within a reasonable cost envelope).
SCARBO consists in the detailed design, analysis and modelling of the miniaturised NanoCarb CO2 instrument concept, based on user need requirements and supported by performance simulations of the science data retrieval chain. NanoCarb is complemented by collocated ultra-compact aerosol sensor and CO2 reference instruments in order to deliver high accuracy measurements. The overall measurement concept is experimentally validated through a dedicated airborne campaign featuring instrument prototypes. The adequacy of the proposed concept is further assessed through the analysis of CO2/CH4 related real-life use cases.
SCARBO will pave the way for Europe to trace anthropogenic CO2 and CH4 emissions with both a high accuracy and an unprecedented temporal resolution, at an affordable cost.

Coordinator

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE SAS
Net EU contribution
€ 451 722,50
Address
31 Rue Des Cosmonautes Zi Du Palays
31402 Toulouse Cedex
France

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Region
Occitanie Midi-Pyrénées Haute-Garonne
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00

Participants (11)

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE NETHERLANDS BV
Netherlands
Net EU contribution
€ 101 138,75
Address
Mendelweg 30
2333 CS Leiden

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Region
West-Nederland Zuid-Holland Agglomeratie Leiden en Bollenstreek
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE GMBH
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 24 143,75
Address
Willy-messerschmitt-strasse 1
82024 Taufkirchen

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Region
Bayern Oberbayern München, Landkreis
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITE GRENOBLE ALPES
France
Net EU contribution
€ 423 840,00
Address
621 Avenue Centrale
38058 Grenoble

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Region
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Isère
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
Third-party

Legal entity other than a subcontractor which is affiliated or legally linked to a participant. The entity carries out work under the conditions laid down in the Grant Agreement, supplies goods or provides services for the action, but did not sign the Grant Agreement. A third party abides by the rules applicable to its related participant under the Grant Agreement with regard to eligibility of costs and control of expenditure.

INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE GRENOBLE
France
Net EU contribution
€ 21 005,00
Address
Avenue Felix Viallet 46
38031 Grenoble Cedex 1

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Region
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Isère
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS
France
Net EU contribution
€ 280 010,00
Address
Rue Michel Ange 3
75794 Paris

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Paris
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
Third-party

Legal entity other than a subcontractor which is affiliated or legally linked to a participant. The entity carries out work under the conditions laid down in the Grant Agreement, supplies goods or provides services for the action, but did not sign the Grant Agreement. A third party abides by the rules applicable to its related participant under the Grant Agreement with regard to eligibility of costs and control of expenditure.

METEO-FRANCE
France
Net EU contribution
€ 111 250,00
Address
Avenue De Paris 73
94165 Saint Mande Cedex

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Val-de-Marne
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
NOVELTIS SAS
France
Net EU contribution
€ 396 250,00
Address
Rue Du Lac 153
31670 Labege

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SME

The organization defined itself as SME (small and medium-sized enterprise) at the time the Grant Agreement was signed.

Yes
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
OFFICE NATIONAL D'ETUDES ET DE RECHERCHES AEROSPATIALES
France
Net EU contribution
€ 399 992,50
Address
Chemin De La Huniere
91120 Palaiseau

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Region
Ile-de-France Ile-de-France Essonne
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
SPACETEC PARTNERS SRL
Belgium
Net EU contribution
€ 130 000,00
Address
Avenue Louise 66
1050 Bruxelles

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SME

The organization defined itself as SME (small and medium-sized enterprise) at the time the Grant Agreement was signed.

Yes
Region
Région de Bruxelles-Capitale/Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest Région de Bruxelles-Capitale/ Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest Arr. de Bruxelles-Capitale/Arr. Brussel-Hoofdstad
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
STICHTING NEDERLANDSE WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERZOEK INSTITUTEN
Netherlands
Net EU contribution
€ 324 783,75
Address
Winthontlaan 2
3526 KV Utrecht

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Region
West-Nederland Utrecht Utrecht
Activity type
Research Organisations
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00
UNIVERSITAET BREMEN
Germany
Net EU contribution
€ 258 486,25
Address
Bibliothekstrasse 1
28359 Bremen

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Region
Bremen Bremen Bremen, Kreisfreie Stadt
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Non-EU contribution
€ 0,00