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Joint Initiative for hydrogen Vehicles across Europe 2


Demand aggregation workshop report - 1

Demand aggregation workshop report: Following the publication of the fuel cell bus commercialisation study in 2015, the FCH JU commissioned a group of cluster coordinators to support cities with developing plans for fuel cell bus deployment and to establish approaches to joint procurement. This work was fully aligned with the study’s recommendations and was central to the establishment of the JIVE and JIVE 2 projects. It also identified potential demand for over 600 fuel cell buses in Europe in the near term. As the contract between the FCH JU and the cluster coordinators is due to expire at the end of 2017, this task will fill the gap created and allow Element Energy to continue coordinating demands for fuel cell buses at a European level. This will involve: • Holding a series of workshops with city representatives from partners within the JIVE / JIVE 2 consortia, the wider observer group (associated with the JIVE project), and any other interested regions. These sessions will allow (i) presentation of the latest developments in the sector to cities who have an interest but not necessarily well developed implementation plans, (ii) open debates on the key issues hampering further roll-out, and (iii) round-table discussions on the latest fuel cell bus roll-out plans in all cities. Element Energy will organise and facilitate these workshops, collecting input and circulating presentation material in advance, and recording key points discussed. The frequency of these meetings will be approximately annual and in the interests of efficiency, the workshops will be arranged alongside other events that are likely to attract the target audience (e.g. General Assembly meetings / the Zero Emission Bus Conference (see WP5)). • Based on the above, maintaining a log of fuel cell bus deployment plans. The status of fuel cell bus roll-out will be characterised by vehicles that are already deployed / planned for deployment (i.e. in funded projects) / desired (i.e. full funding still to be confirmed). This information will be published as a concise European fuel cell bus sector status paper, updated annually, and made available from the project website. This document will help to raise the profile of the sector and indicate to industry the scale of the untapped potential. • Making reports, tools, and other suitable resources such as information on innovative financing mechanisms available to cities seeking to develop business cases for fuel cell bus roll-out. Thus, the impact of the JIVE programmes will be maximised by catalysing further fuel cell bus project development in cities across Europe.

First Best Practice Information Bank Report

First Best Practice Information Collation Report

Performance Assessment Handbook

Performance Assessment Handbook: The evaluation methodology defined in the Performance Assessment Handbook will make extensive use of the assessment frameworks that were developed and applied in current and previous FC bus projects (e.g. JIVE, CHIC, HyTransit, HyFLEET:CUTE) to ensure a consistent evaluation approach using comparable performance indicators. Importantly, this approach will enable comparisons between projects and technology over time. The Handbook will define: • The indicators for assessing the performance of the fuel cell bus and associated hydrogen infrastructure as well as comparison to a reference technology (e.g. diesel ICE). • The data points required to carry out the planned analysis work and to calculate the performance indicators. • The data formats required, the frequency of data collection and related details. The Handbook will be available in month 4. It is important that it is available early in the project so the data requirements are available in a timely manner for the bus and HRS operators / owners to consider in their procurement processes, and possibly included in their call for tenders.

Operators’ guide to fuel cell bus deployment – version 1

Operators’ guide to fuel cell bus deployment – version 1.0: Information received from potential hydrogen fuel cell bus suppliers during the JIVE project suggested that a lead time of at least one year is expected from the date of order to the delivery of the first buses. This lead time is expected to decrease as bus suppliers invest in their production lines in preparation for a larger-scale roll out of buses. However, depending on the results of the tendering process for each cluster and the number of bus manufacturers involved, there may be a need to adopt a phased approach to bus deployment. Where possible, the project will deploy buses in batches to complement the service requirements of the bus operators. The expected bus deployment timeline is shown in Figure 7 in section, with the first deployment of buses expected during the first quarter of 2019. Previous projects such as CHIC and High V.Lo City suggest that teething issues during the initial introduction of the fuel cell buses is common and a lower availability phase at the start of the project should be expected. Therefore, this project includes a six month teething period during which suppliers will iron out any technical issues with the vehicles and maintenance teams become experienced in carrying out preventative and corrective maintenance. By building upon the lessons learned during previous fuel cell bus demonstrations and deploying buses with a number of technical improvements, the JIVE 2 project aims to reduce the length of this teething period and achieve high average fleet availability (>90%) from early in the operational phase. In order to capture the lessons learnt during the initial deployment phase, brief reports of issues encountered and recommendations on how to avoid them will be prepared for each deployment location. These reports will be collated into an overarching “lessons learnt from fuel cell bus deployment” report, which will form part of the Best Practice Reports.

Template documents for HRS consenting phase

Template documents for HRS consenting phase: The project will lead to the installation of new / upgraded hydrogen refuelling stations in 14 regions across Europe. In three locations (Cologne region, Gävleborg and Reykjavik), existing hydrogen refuelling stations will be used to meet the demands of the additional hydrogen vehicles deployed. Where new HRS deployment is required, the common tasks for each location include: 1. Siting – identifying a suitable site for new HRS. Sites are generally dictated by the requirements of the bus operators, hence most of the stations will be sited at bus depots. 2. Feasibility study – this is to validate that the site is suitable for the installation of a hydrogen refuelling station from a technical, planning and safety perspective. This stage will include establishing a plan for supplying the station with hydrogen fuel, including a back-up supply route. 3. Communication – the neighbours of the hydrogen refuelling station, the relevant permitting authorities as well as local first responders will be informed of the project to establish a collaborative working relationship early on. 4. Station specification and detailed design – a technical specification for each new hydrogen refuelling station will be released which will include parameters such as HRS capacity (kg/day), refuelling window(s), number of dispensers, pressure (bar), source of hydrogen, on site storage (kg) and accessibility. While stations will be specified to meet the operational needs of the local fleet(s) of buses (which means details of the designs will vary by city), a common theme across the project will be consideration of the scope for expansion to meet the needs of growing fleets of hydrogen buses at each new station. 5. Permitting – for each site, the necessary permissions to install the hydrogen refuelling station must be acquired (regulatory approval, landlord approval / lease agreement, planning permission, safety case). 6. HRS procurement – stations and hydrogen supplies will be procured on a city-by-city basis. The HRS procurement exercises will run in parallel to bus procurement / build exercises so that the infrastructure is in place ready for the arrival of the first buses in each location. 7. Appointment of sub-contractors – typically any civil and electrical engineering work is carried out by sub-contractors appointed by the client. It is usual practice to seek quotations for this work from at least three separate contractors. 8. Site preparation – completion of civil and electrical engineering work required to prepare the site for HRS installation. 9. HRS off-site construction – stations are constructed off-site at the premises of the suppliers before being delivered to site for installation. As of Q1 2017, every deployment city participating in the project has completed at least the first two steps outlined above. Plans for HRS deployment will be progressed in parallel to the evaluation of this proposal so that cities can enter the deployment phase relatively early in the project once all funding is confirmed. For deployment cities intending to use existing facilities, preparation activities are already underway: 1. Feasibility study – bus operators to work with HRS owners to confirm that the capacity of the station is sufficient to meet the additional demands of the hydrogen fuel cell buses to be deployed. The bus operator will confirm that the hydrogen refuelling station is situated at a location that can be accessed conveniently from their depot(s). 2. Communication – communication with the current owners, customers and neighbours of the refuelling station is essential to establish a good relationship between all parties. This is particularly relevant for projects where the hydrogen fuel cell buses deployed will be refuelled at a publicly available HRS (Reykjavik, Gävleborg). During Task 1.2, regular meetings between deployment cities will enable the lessons learned and recomme

Website available

Website available: The objective is to create an ambitious web portal containing all activities relevant for the sector. The existing website will serve as a basis for this task. However, the current version of this website is made in a form of a glossary (a wiki page) addressing primarily bus operators. In JIVE 2, the ambition will be to create a larger version of this website, integrating general information, news, events, videos, picture galleries, social media feeds etc. to create a centralised information hub for the fuel cell bus sector. The web portal will not only address operators. The aim will be to target different audiences via dedicated pages, for example an attractive, “glossy” page to attract the general public. The website should become the primary source of information on the sector and will integrate information about other European fuel cell bus projects in addition to existing educational resources. This novel approach is very much needed as it will consolidate information from a number of different online resources and will ensure that the visibility of is enhanced. Hydrogen Europe are already cooperating with the owners of the website on options for improving and expanding the site. This includes a discussion on merging the other fuel cell bus projects’ websites. Different channels will be explored to maximize the visibility of the website such as: regularly generating new content (with personalisation such as interview of partners), maintaining a proactive presence on twitter referencing the website, adding videos, posting on Linkedin, etc.

Log of European-wide fuel cell deployment plans (website based)

"Updated Regularly: Joint communication across projects To maximise impact and the chances of successfully commercialising FC buses, the JIVE 2 core messaging will need to be coordinated with related demonstrations already underway in Europe. It will also be important to link with the FCH JU-assembled fuel cell bus coalition and any on-going cluster coordination activities. The partners will seek to ensure consistency in the communications among other things on costs, technical readiness level and next steps for the sector. The dissemination team will set up regular dissemination meetings with the organisations responsible for other fuel cell bus demonstration projects. This work had started as part of previous projects but will need to be continued and strengthened. The main points where alignment is expected is in: • Definition of a set of core messages on fuel cell buses including use of common wording. • Use of a common hashtag #zeroemission #cleanair etc. to increase the scale and impact of social media-based dissemination. • The need to describe the sector as a whole and not overly focus on projects individually. • Contacts – particularly with European and national bodies who will be targeted for dedicated dissemination. • A shared calendar of communication activities (with joint-events when possible). • Collaboration on which publications to target. The dissemination partners in the other fuel cell bus projects have already been identified and support the objective of an active collaboration. The partners suggest going one step further and carrying out common dissemination activities, with the establishment of the common web portal gathering all information on the fuel cell bus sector. Preliminary discussions have started on the possibility of merging the different fuel cell bus project websites. "

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