Skip to main content
European Commission logo print header

Intensity mapping of the atomic carbon CII line: the promise of a new observational probe of dusty star-formation in post-reionization and reionization epoch

Objective

I propose for funding to construct a spectrometer to map in 3-D the intensity due to line emission, a
technique known as Intensity Mapping. Instead of detecting individual galaxies, this emerging technique
measures signal fluctuations produced by the combined emission of the galaxy population on large regions
of the sky in a wide frequency (i.e. redshift) band, and thus increases sensitivity to faint sources.
Capitalizing on a recent technology breakthrough, our intensity mapping experiment will measure the 3-D
fluctuations of the [CII] line at redshifts 4.5at high redshift. My project will answer the outstanding questions of whether dusty star-formation
contributes to early galaxy evolution, and whether dusty galaxies play an important role in shaping cosmic
reionization.
My team will first build, test, and finally install the instrument on the APEX antenna following an
agreement with APEX partners. The spectrometer will be based on the state-of-the-art development of new
arrays in the millimeter using Kinetic Inductance Detectors. Spectra (200-360 GHz) will be obtained by a
fast Martin-Puplett interferometer. Then, we will observe with CONCERTO a few square degrees and offer
a straight forward alternative for probing star formation and dust build-up in the early Universe. Finally,
CONCERTO will set to music the various cosmic evolution probes. Cross-correlation of the signals will be
used in particular to capture the topology of the end of reionization era.
CONCERTO will be one of two instruments in the world to perform intensity mapping of the [CII] line in
the short term. The novel methodology is extremely promising as it targets an unexplored observable
touching on some of the fundamental processes building the early universe. In the flourishing of new ideas
in the intensity-mapping field, CONCERTO lies at the forefront.

æ

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE D'AIX MARSEILLE
Net EU contribution
€ 2 214 437,00
Address
Boulevard charles livon 58 le pharo
13284 Marseille
France

See on map

Region
Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Bouches-du-Rhône
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00

Beneficiaries (2)