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Pan-European Training, research and education network on Electromagnetic Risk management

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - PETER (Pan-European Training, research and education network on Electromagnetic Riskmanagement)

Reporting period: 2019-04-01 to 2021-03-31

Sophisticated electronic technologies are increasingly used in mission- and safety-critical systems where electromagnetic interference (EMI) can result in substantial risks to people and the environment. Currently, EMI engineering follows a rulebased approach, which is unable to cope with complex modern situations. With this rules-based approach, during the design stage, guidelines are prescribed, which result in the application of a set of mitigation techniques, which are verified in the finished product against standards. This rule-based approach is costly, but with no guarantee of the required performance. What is needed is a truly interdisciplinary – but also revolutionary – approach to this very serious problem. A safer environment based on assessing risk requires bringing together expertise from 4 key areas – electromagnetic compatibility, reliability engineering, functional safety and risk management – and the implementation of a risk-based approach.

Running in parallel with its training objectives, PETER has 4 scientific and technical (S&T) objectives based around 4 S/T Work Packages (WPs):
• Objective 1: To develop dedicated hazard-and-risk analysis techniques that identify all EMI-related risks and hazards for a system under development in its actual operating electromagnetic environment (WP1).
• Objective 2: To develop effective EMI risk-reduction techniques in hardware and software, and to reduce the risks to the level where they are no longer unacceptable with respect to reliability or safety (WP2).
• Objective 3: To improve EMI verification-and-validation methods that represent a much broader area of the lifecycle of the system as well as of the system’s actual electromagnetic environment (WP3).
• Objective 4: To apply a practical, industry-driven EMI risk-management methodology during 4 case studies from different industrial sectors (maritime, medical, automotive, critical infrastructures) and at different design levels (integrated circuits, subsystems, systems and networks of systems) (WP4).
WP1: Electromagnetic Risk Identification

ESR1 - Samikshya Ghosalkar applied EMI-aware risk-assessment methodologies that combine both technical and non-technical aspects to the case study of a smart-grid substation.

ESR2 - Arash Nateghi assessed a wireless smart meter and PLC broadband communication device in terms of the vulnerability of their communication network to EMI.

ESR3 - Lokesh Devaraj proposed a novel probabilistic graphical approacho help align the various aspects of EMC, functional safety, and cyber-security

Work package 2: Electromagnetic Risk-Reduction Methodologies

ESR4 - Mumpy Das experimentally characterised the electromagnetic environment inside a hospital as a basis to establish an appropriate source-victim table.

ESR5 - Hasan Habib conceptually developed an EMI detector that notifies the control unit of the system about unwanted electromagnetic disturbances such that the system can be brought into a minimum-risk state.

ESR6 - Pejman Memar investigated the EMI vulnerability of Reed-Solomon codes and proposed enhancements to make these types of error-detection and correction codes more EMI-robust.

Work package 3: Evaluation, Validation and Verification Methodologies

ESR7 - Qazi Mashaal Khan developed a robust on-chip sample & hold (S&H) voltage sensor to precisely quantify radio-frequency (RF) disturbances with IC ageing and help develop EM immunity & emission behavioural models.

ESR8 - Oskari Leppäaho developed a test set-up and method for the characterization of the shielding/grounding effectiveness under vibration and thermal influences as well as a methodology to perform a global EMC risk analysis considering multi parameter influence to assess safety targets.

ESR9 - Arunkumar H. Venkateshaiah conducted dedicated experiments to study stochastic electromagnetic field coupling to PCB traces with different substrate heights, trace lengths, trace widths, and board dimensions and developed a dedicated IC to allow direct measurement of interference on-chip.

Work package 4: Application Case Studies

ESR10 - Nancy Omollo studied the electromagnetic environment on board ships with a specific focus on the issue of power distribution systems of ships.

ESR11 - Mohammad Tishehzan analysed current general safety lifecycles in different industries with the aim to find out the gaps between them when considering EMI.

ESR12 - Zhao Chen is completing Barco's existing Design-for-EMC process for medical displays, to make it compliant with the relevant requirements of IEC 60601-1-2, by incorporating resonance coupling.

ESR13 - Vasiliki Gkatsi created and investigated a first version of a risk-based EMC system analysis platform for automotive environments through simple experiments.

ESR14 - Akram Ramezani designed a first automotive integrated circuit through a risk-based and EMI-aware approach

ESR15 - Fernando Ribeiro Arduini proposed a classification methodology to categorize energy facilities into five IEMI criticality classes from A to E, where A implies the lowest level of IEMI criticality, while E implies the highest one
Currently, there is no intersectoral, integrated training that focuses on EMI risk management. The disciplines EMC, reliability engineering and functional safety only receive very limited attention within the curriculum of engineering education and are taught in separate courses. PETER will deliver ambitious, highly structured, multi-disciplinary training on EMI risk management considering all aspects of the system lifecycle and directly applicable to many sectors, including automotive, medical, railway, maritime, avionics, machinery and critical infrastructures.

In addition, several PETER beneficiaries or partner organisations are actively involved in international standardisation working groups or committees. Examples include, but are not limited to: IEEE 1848, IEC 61000-1-2, IEC 60601-1-2, IEC 61508, ISO 26262 and ISO 21448. As such, PETER aims at a strong contribution to the European standardisation.
PETER Overview Map
PETER WP Overview