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RObot enhanced SenSing, INtelligence and actuation to Improve job quality in manufacturing

Periodic Reporting for period 2 - ROSSINI (RObot enhanced SenSing, INtelligence and actuation to Improve job quality in manufacturing)

Période du rapport: 2019-10-01 au 2021-03-31

The ROSSINI project aims to develop a disruptive, inherently safe hardware software platform for the design and deployment of human-robot collaboration (HRC) applications in manufacturing. By combining innovative sensors, actuation and control technologies (developed by world market leaders in their field), and integrating them in an open development environment, the ROSSINI platform will deliver a set of tools which enable the spread of HRC applications where robots and humans operators will become members of the same team, increasing job quality, production flexibility and productivity.
The project progress and main results for each work package are described in the following paragraph:
• WP1 has been finished on due time in the first reporting period, touching all the aspects related to Ethics.
• WP2 and its deliverables were finished on time in the first reporting period. The state of the arts analysis, the platform requirements and the use case design are the base documents for the project.
• In WP3, a set of sensors based on 2D and 3D technologies has been developed. This allowed the release of a new 3D vision system, a new safe laser scanner cluster, a radar sensor and a sensitive robot skin, to detect the presence of a human in hazardous areas. An emerging bus to exchange data between safety-rated components has also been developed. A processing unit as part of the RS4 System is currently being developed.
• In WP4, the following items have been developed: a Sematic scene map, that builds a representation of the world and a human skeletonization used for controlling the collaborative robot. A two layer architecture, implementing task assignment and dynamic scheduling for a collaborative cell, maximizing efficiency and job quality. A dynamic planner, to find the most efficient and safe trajectory for the robot. An integrated task/scheduler and planner through an action database.
An integration of the safety aware control architecture is in finalization.
• In WP5, the following results have been achieved: A new robot safe controlling unit and firmware algorithms. A joint solution with increased position accuracy, sensibility and safety thanks to double encoder configuration. An enhanced joint braking speed. A finite element simulation analysis for optimizing links and joint weights. A modular structure for the ROSSINI collaborative by birth robot thanks to full electronics and sensorics embedded within the joints.
• WP6 was concluded. All the deliverables were submitted. In the second reporting period, the software model of a tool for flexible assignment of tasks was developed, to ensure job quality. The ROSSINI communication hub was developed, for managing human robot communication.
• The WP8 activities started in M20 in order to integrate the ROSSINI solutions in 3 use cases properly defined. The following dedicated results have been obtained:
- WHIRLPOOL: Design of a gripper for handling counterweights.
- SCHINDLER: Demonstration of the use case using an UR10 robot and Validation of the human-robot communication architecture.
- IMA: Implementation and validation of the WP4 dynamic planner.
• WP9 aims at defying all the aspects related to impact enhancement. The public project website, logo, social media accounts (LinkedIn and Twitter) and marketing materials were created. The Data Management Plan was completed. Targeted stakeholders were informed about the project activities and target market was informed of the technological breakthroughs and business benefits of ROSSINI. ROSSINI increased its presence on websites, social media, networks and clusters, and partners have attended many digital events. For exploitation task, ROSSINI partners defined the Value Proposition and Customer Segments of the ROSSINI Platform. Partners have defined a are evaluating the applicability of a set of standards to ROSSINI technologies, also with external actors.
• The tasks of the WP10 Project Coordination, Technical Project management and Risk and Quality management are running in parallel with all the other tasks throughout the project duration. The performed activities and the achieved results are related to the continuous administrative and financial monitoring, the periodic reporting, the management of meetings of the Steering Committee, General Assemblies and Technical Call, the refinement and definition of tools and procedures, the project KPI formalization, the ROSSINI Platform view definition (in strong collaboration wit WP7 and WP9) and the project risks periodic monitoring.
The innovations of the ROSSINI project have been evaluated and summarized for the Horizon 2020 Innovation Radar. 13 Innovations beyond the state of the art have been identified. For example, in WP3 a very innovative new 3D safety camera system will be developed, along with a new innovative safety system for collaborative robots using multiple sensing technologies. All sensor developments are done to achieve a higher performance for smart and safe sensor system for human and robot detection & tracking and to reach the ROSSINI goal of a quicker safety sensor response time by 70% compared to the state of the art.
A novel, very innovative rated, safety control architecture for collaborative robotic cells will allow to treat safety as a constraint. Human factors are explicitly considered (WP4).
In WP5 an innovative, collaborative by birth robot manipulator, with the goal to increase the working speed by 45%, when collaborating with humans is under development.
Another aim of ROSSINI is to increase job quality by 15%. To achieve this goal, the measurement methods for job quality have been defined in WP6.
A new concept for the calculation of the transient contact is developed in WP7. This will have a direct impact on faster and safer HRC-Robots and HRC applications, than the state of the art.
To achieve the goals of the project a risk framework has been established.

ROSSINI project’s expected impacts primarily address the goals of the H2020-FoF-02-2018 call, which are listed below:
• Demonstrating the potential to bring back production to Europe
• 15% increase in OECD Job Quality Index through work environment and safety improvement
• 20% reduction in production reconfiguration time and cost
Project partners are working on the high performance HRC workcells that should trigger manufacturers’ investment in HRC technology, increasing European factories productivity and thus competitiveness versus low-cost manufacturers. The workcell should allow to redesign workplaces combining automation and lean manufacturing concept, with a drastic reduction of conversion cost, thus reducing the impact of labour cost in Europe. Work package 6 is fully dedicated to the development of the Human Layer of the Human Robot Collaborative platform. ROSSINI uses a three-level approach to develop OECD related metrics and evaluation tools: a Design Level, an Adaptive Level and a Communication Level. The Work Package leaders are currently addressing the Design Layer consistently with the impact to be reached. Safety Aware Control Architecture, Human-Robot Mutual Understanding Framework, Integration and Validation Layer and Design tool for easy reconfiguration of the HRC workcell are the elements on which the partner are working that respond to rapid changes in production needs in a cost-effective way. The activities are being carried out consistently with the impact to be reached.
Rossini Project Poster