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Value chains for disruptive transformation of urban biowaste into biobased products in the city context

Periodic Reporting for period 1 - WaysTUP! (Value chains for disruptive transformation of urban biowaste into biobased products in the city context)

Período documentado: 2019-09-01 hasta 2021-02-28

WaysTUP! the project will showcase a portfolio of new ‘urban biowaste to biobased products’ processes starting from different feedstocks i.e. fish and meat waste, spent coffee grounds, household source separated biowaste, used cooking oils, cellulosic waste derived from municipal wastewater, and waste treatment plants, and sewage sludge. The project also aims to improve citizens’ perception of urban biowaste as a local resource and consumer acceptance of urban biowaste-derived products. At the same time, new profitable business models will be developed, and policy changes will be promoted to public authorities.
The progress of the project until month 18 (February 2021) is presented in this technical report, including the status of the pilots and the work done for each of the work packages.
At this stage, the preparatory work for all the demo pilots has already been carried out and all the feedstock for the planned process has been established for the different demo cases.
All the different types of urban biowaste that will be used as feedstocks for the biobased products within WaysTUP! were characterized. Specifically, samples of meat waste, fish waste, coffee waste, source-separated biowaste, used cooking oils, coffee oil from spent coffee grounds, cellulosic rejections and carton and paper waste of municipal solid waste, nappies, sewage sludge, olive oil mill waste, compost, and sawdust were collected and analyzed. The results were reported in two deliverables (D1.1 and D1.2). D1.1 presents a representative methodology for the conduction of Waste Analysis Campaigns (WACs) of the feedstock material that will supply the pilots while D1.2 reports upon urban bio-waste composition and physicochemical characteristics based on a common protocol.
A catalog of urban biowaste valorization solutions and good practices that are currently implemented in various European countries was conducted in deliverable D1.3 based on an extensive literature review.
The first review of existing barriers related to urban biowaste valorization for biobased products was described in deliverable D1.4. Further and final results will be delivered in the second reporting period during which the final version of the D1.4 will be submitted.
The preparation of pilots was extended by six months to M18 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. During this period, the engineering works together with corresponding licensing for the necessary equipment for the pilot operation were carried out. The feedstock supplies between the partners of individual pilots were established and the first trials on a small scale were performed. The practical demonstration of technological solutions in the pilots is in progress, however, it suffered a delay in the activities due to the pandemic.
Results on the scope of the behavioral change campaign were reported in D4.1. This deliverable details the desk research that was conducted to theoretically map the behaviors involved in WaysTUP!’s behavior change strategy, namely selective biowaste sorting and bio-based derived product acceptance and their main determinants. The results also included a scientific publication (“Systematic literature review of the determinants of selective biowaste sorting”). Deliverable D4.2 with details of the process of co-creating a toolkit for the behavior change strategy of WaysTUP! was submitted.
Initial activities regarding LCA of new value chains from urban biowaste were started.
The foundations for the generation of new Business Models and Marketing strategies have been set through, while a number of other preparatory activities were developed. IP strategy of the Project was set up and implemented.
The assessment of the policy framework regarding urban biowaste valorization at the European Union, national, regional, and local levels is conducting a baseline analysis and providing a comprehensive overview.
A communication and Dissemination Plan was created, and Dissemination Pack as well. Network of Interest was reported. The project’s workshops related to the starting of the pilots took place. The project has joined the European CE Stakeholder Platform, the EuBioNet, and the Advisory Board was promoted on the project’s website.
The relevant awareness-raising is being continuously boosted. The use of audiovisual teasers to trigger public interest is also succeeding. The regular posting to dozens of LinkedIn and Facebook groups has also been supportive of an improved perception of citizens on UB.
The improved perception of citizens on UB as a local resource and their enhanced active participation in selective biowaste sorting is targeted.
Finally, ethic requirements were described and submitted in 3 deliverables.
PILOT1 the target is to scale up and optimize the hydrolysis and purification of active peptides and gelatine from fish&meat waste to TRL7. It is expected to scale up and optimize the process of solid-liquid extraction with bio solvents of flavors, polyphenols, and oils from coffee waste to TRL 6. Fermentation of carotenoids from coffee waste hydrolysates will be scaled up and optimized to TRL6
PILOT2 is expected to reach TRL7 by the end of the project once the scale-up work has been completed. Once the project reaches TRL7, we will model the economic impact of full-scale production and report the findings to the project committee.
PILOT3, the UA research team will achieve TRL7 development in an industrial environment through the development of Pilot Plant 3 (the TRL will increase from 5 to 7). The objective of the proposed system will optimize the efficiency and production performance of the pilot plant.
PILOT4 are expected to achieve their final TRL level, 7 and 6 for PILOT 4A and 4B, respectively. PILOT 4 technologies were successfully tested on a small scale within WP2, therefore final TRL is expected to be reached.
PILOT5 targets to move up to TRL7. This goal could be achieved, since the bioprocess has been already verified in the initial trials and the following optimization, in terms of energy efficiency and production yields, would validate the economic and environmental sustainability of its commercial application as well.
Pilot6 (PERSEO) has been prepared for the demonstration activities in WP3 (TRL 7) to produce bioethanol and bio-solvent ethyl lactate from cellulosic waste material WP3 is expected to start in the following months (next RP) so that the proposed approach has not been yet validated.
Pilot7 has been constructed and is under operation since July 2020. We have been producing biochar from sewage sludge and olive mill wastewater. We have also conducted the first field application growing tomatoes in the greenhouse, and the experiment will be completed at the beginning of April.
Pilot 6 - Desing of the new pre- treatment tank with accessories for demo activities in PERSEO plant
Pilot 2 - The process undertaken to create dried spent coffe grounds
Pilot 4 - Novamont process for the production of FFAs from UCO
In the framework of pilot 7 greenhouse tomatoes cultivated in pots using biochar
The methodogical aproach developed by wp6
ADM- Biopolis processes for the production of gelatine and peptides from by-products.Pilot1